The herbaceous plant Acanthostachys is quite large and belongs to the bromeliad family (Bromeliaceae). This plant comes from the subtropical and tropical forests of South America.
The name Acanthostachys is derived from the Greek words acantha – thorn and Stachys – ear.
Such a large perennial plant is rosette; there are numerous thorns at the edges of narrow leaves. Flowers grow from the leaf outlet. For their cultivation, spacious cool rooms, greenhouses, or winter gardens are suitable. Suitable for growing as an ampelous plant.
Home care for Acanthostachys
This plant needs diffused light, while it calmly tolerates slight shading. Protect Acanthostachys from direct sunlight, as they can cause burns, resulting in pale brown spots on the surface of the leaves.
In spring and summer, such a plant feels best at temperatures from 20 to 25 degrees. With the onset of the autumn period, the temperature should be reduced, but this should be done gradually. In winter, move it to a cool place (14 to 18 degrees).
High air humidity is needed, in this regard, experts advise regularly moistening the foliage from the sprayer. To do this, use soft water at room temperature.
How to water
In spring and summer, watering should be systematic. With the onset of autumn, watered less, and in winter – moderately and only after the top layer of the substrate dries well. The plant reacts equally badly to the drying out of the earthen coma and to the stagnation of liquid in it. Watered with exceptionally soft water at room temperature.
Topdressing is carried out in spring and summer 2 or 3 times a month. For this, mineral fertilizers are used. In winter, top dressing cannot be applied to the soil.
It is necessary to transplant such a plant if necessary. Due to the fact that in the wild such a plant can grow as an epiphytic one (on trees), a piece of tree bark can also be used when grown indoors. A lump of the earth must first be wrapped in sphagnum, and then fixed with wire on the surface of the bark. It is also grown as a potted plant. To do this, a relatively small pot should be filled with an earth mixture consisting of 2 parts of humus, 4 parts of leafy soil, 1 part of small expanded clay, and 1 part of the bark of coniferous trees.
Can be propagated by lateral baby stems, as well as by seeds.
First, the seeds are immersed in a weak solution of potassium manganese for a while and then dried. Sowing is carried out in crushed moss. The container must be closed with glass and placed in a place with a temperature of 20 to 22 degrees. Requires systematic ventilation and humidification from the sprayer. After the first leaves appear, the shelter is gradually removed. Planting in small pots is carried out after the appearance of 2 or 3 leaves.
The lateral baby stalks should be carefully separated from the mother plant. They are treated with charcoal and allowed to dry in the open air. Then they are planted in a substrate consisting of peat, leafy earth, and sand. They are placed in a place with a temperature of 20 degrees. Frequent spraying of the foliage is needed, and watering is done after the topsoil has dried.
Diseases and pests
The scale insect and mealybug can settle.
The plant, as a rule, is sick due to improper care:
- There are brownish spots on the tips of the leaves – low humidity, water the plant with hard water;
- The leaves dry up – low humidity, water the plant with hard water;
- Pale brown spots on the foliage surface are a burn from direct sunlight.
This herbaceous rhizome plant is a perennial. In height, it can reach 100 centimeters. Narrow, drooping leaves are part of a loose rosette, and they are painted in a greenish-silver color. There are thorns on the edges. Forms many sides shoots, due to which it grows very much. Bloom is observed in July-October. The reddish-orange pineal compound fruit is formed. It looks like a pineapple.
This herb is a perennial. Its leaves are colored dark green and have large red thorns at the edges. Blue flowers grow from the base of the leaf rosette.