Adenium is inhabitants of the hot desert areas of Africa, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. In nature, they are very long without food (water), so they have a massive caudex and many fleshy branches, in which the necessary amount of water and nutrients accumulate for the entire period of the dry season. Adenium is representative of succulents. To date, more than 50 species of adenium are known, but the most famous are adenium arabicum and adenium obesum.
Adenium began to enjoy great popularity relatively recently but has already managed to win the hearts of many flower growers due to its magnificent flowering and very unusual appearance. Bottle caudex adenium has numerous branches with bright green and shiny leaves. This gives the plant no less exoticism than its flowering. Adenium is able to bloom up to 7 months a year!
Adenium flowers come in a variety of colors: yellow, white, red (up to black-bard), and, of course, pink. Also, flowers can be terry and simple. In nature, adenium bloom with simple whitish-pink flowers, less often – white. All other colors appeared as a result of the successful work of breeders, who to this day create more and more new varieties.
Home care of adenium
Caring for adenium is not at all difficult, so even a person who knows absolutely nothing about flowers can take care of such a “pet”.
How to choose the right pot of adenium?
Adenium does not like too spacious and deep pots. For optimal plant growth, you need a pot, the diameter of which is not much larger than the diameter of the plant itself (about 3-4 centimeters from the edge of the pot to the caudex). A powerful root system often has decorative properties, so a deep pot for the plant is completely useless.
Soil for adenium
Adenium needs slightly acidic or neutral soil. It prefers an airy earth mixture that easily allows air to pass through, which is necessary for the roots, and does not retain excess moisture in the pot. The ideal option may be leafy earth in combination with coarse-grained river sand, or any other ripper (vermiculite, perlite, claydite). It is worth remembering that the content of rippers in the soil should not be less than 45%. If it is not possible to make such a substrate yourself, you can buy land “for cacti” in the store. The drainage layer should be at least 1-2 centimeters so that excess water easily flows out of the pot.
How to water adenium?
Water adenium rarely, and only as needed. Watering is carried out with soft settled water, not lower than room temperature. In spring and summer, the plant should be watered no more than once a week, and in autumn and winter, reduce watering to once a month.
Adenium is very light-loving and needs direct sunlight, but immediately after a period of rest, you should shade the plant with young leaves, as a result, adenium can get burned. They accustom it to the sun gradually, each time putting it in a sunny place for more and more time. For the growth of the plant and possible flowering, it is best to keep on the southern and south-eastern windows, where there is always enough light.
Adenium – temperature
In the summer, adenium easily withstands high temperatures. From October to January, the air temperature in the room should not be less than 15 degrees.
A period of rest. Usually, the period of rest in adenium lasts 2-3 months, from the beginning of autumn to the end of winter. During this period, the plant should be kept in a cool place and very rarely watered – only after the soil has completely dried up. Otherwise, from the coolness and stagnation of humidity in the pot, the plant will rot and most likely die.
Adenium – reproduction
Usually, adenium reproduce in two ways:
- Seeds. Propagation by seeds is a very entertaining business. Having sown the seeds in a moist mixture of leafy low-acidic earth and washed river sand, you can wait for seedlings as early as 4-7 days after sowing. Then caring for seedlings is not at all difficult – you just need to replant them in time, and not allow the land to dry out. Seedlings begin to bloom when they are about a year old.
- Cuttings. Cuttings are usually cut at the end of the dormant period. The cuttings should be at least 7 centimeters in length and not less than a centimeter in diameter. After pruning, it is dried for 2-3 days, then planted in a mixture of sand and vermiculite, or put in water. Such a cutting usually takes root in 1.5-2 months. Rooted cuttings can be immediately planted in the prepared soil. It should be remembered that such a cutting does not form such a thick caudex as adenium grown from seed.
Adenium is a poisonous plant, so all operations with it should be carried out exclusively in gloves. Also, children and pets should not be allowed to the plant.