Adromischus is a genus that includes at least 28 species of plants, which are small succulents about 10 cm high. Due to their unpretentiousness, compactness and wonderful appearance, Adromischus are quite popular among gardeners. They are grown in the garden or indoor conditions.
Especially well these plants complement potted compositions. A properly selected composition, which can be placed in a glass or ceramic flowerpot, fits perfectly into a modern interior.
- Name (lat.) – Adromischus.
- The life form is succulent.
- Family – Crassulaceae.
- Origin – South Africa.
- Habitual habitat – mountain crevices, sandy screes.
- The growth rate is slow.
- The average stem size is 10-15 cm.
The leaves are fleshy, usually growing in the form of a rosette. Attached to the stem is not secure, easily broken off.
Adromischus grow on a strong root. It is often possible to observe the formation of a caudex or aerial roots around the stem. Through them, the plant absorbs moisture from the environment.
Fact: Kalanchoe and aloe also belong to the Crassulaceae family.
In low light, adromyschus acquire a green or grayish color, but if you grow them in bright light, you can see the full color of the plant. The leaves are usually covered with red-brown spots. Their number increases from the base to the leaf apex, turning into a solid red border.
Adromishus blooms in spring and summer. The flowers are usually small in size (1-2 cm), the color is white, pink, reddish-purple. They grow on a long stem from a greenish tubular pedicel. Since the flowers are not as showy, many choose to cut off the growing flower stems to avoid rot. The only species worth growing for its flowers is A. phillipsiae. It has relatively large orange flowers reminiscent of those of the cotyledon with which adromischus was once grouped.
Types of adromischus
In the genus Adromishus there are variants of very unusual shapes and colors. Their leaves can be round, flat, triangular, elongated. The ends of the leaves are pointed, wavy, flattened. The surface may be smooth or dotted with small pimples.
Interesting to know: Adromischus of the same species can differ markedly from each other. Because of this, the genus previously had many more subspecies, but then scientists combined them into one category.
Adromischus cooperi is probably the most popular among its “brothers”. This compact flower has fleshy tubular dark green leaves with wavy tips and purple spots on their surface. adromischus Cooper is a widely cultivated tolerant plant. It blooms in mid-summer with small red/pink flowers. Over time, the plant becomes a shrub.
A small succulent with leaves up to 5 cm. Clusters of reddish-brown roots form around the stem, from which triangular green leaves grow. Their ends are characteristically curved in a wave or scallop shape. They turn reddish purple in the sun. It will reach a height of 0.3-0.5 m in 5-10 years.
This is a dwarf creeping plant. Its lanceolate, glossy green leaves are arranged along descending brown stems. They may have spots that turn red in the sun. Stems erect or creeping along the ground, up to 35 cm long and 1.2 cm in cross section. The leaves themselves are up to 8 cm long, 1.5 cm wide. The flowers are yellowish-green, small.
This type of adromischus has oval bright green leaves. They may have reddish-purple spots and a flaky, waxy surface. Their length is only 1-2 cm. A flaky bark is present on the branching stem.
This species is distributed throughout almost all of South Africa from the Western Cape to Namibia. It includes several superficially heterogeneous subspecies previously considered separate species. The leaves of Adromischus marianiae are up to 3 cm in size, as well as spherical or elliptical in shape. Color – from gray-green to grayish-brown. Many varieties have spotted or marked leaves. The flowers are pale pink, up to 1.2 cm long.
Forms with warty and ribbed leaves are considered particularly desirable by collectors.
This artisanal succulent plant has straight, rarely branching stems growing from a thickened base. The leaves are gray-green, obovate with wavy edges. They have a reddish-brown border and a waxy finish. Their apex may be slightly pointed. The inflorescence is a complex umbel of white flowers with a purple stripe on the outer surface.
This variety has a miniature size. Its almost round leaves up to 3.5 cm long alternate with each other. They are convex at the top and bottom. There are visible purple spots on the surface. Plants reach up to 15 cm. Small, not very showy flowers appear on flower stalks in late spring.
Outdoors grow in fertile, well-drained soil. Many species of this succulent are easily grown indoors in sandy soil. You can plant such a miniature plant not only in an ordinary pot. For adromishus, a florarium or other decorative container (an old pot, shell, etc.) is perfect. The main thing is that there are holes in the bottom for water to drain.
Place of cultivation
For growing adromischus, a well-ventilated, lit place is selected. Plants grow well on a sunny windowsill or top shelf of a greenhouse, as they need a lot of light. Without sufficient lighting, the leaves of the succulent will fade, however, due to prolonged exposure, they can wrinkle, so you need to find a middle ground here. It is important to ensure that the flowerpot is not under the scorching sun for many hours in a row.
Adromischus thrive in warm conditions (ideal is 24-30°C) but tolerates even low temperatures of 5-10°C.
Note! In winter, you need to move the plant to a sheltered place, primarily so that it does not get wet. Stagnant water between foliage can be fatal.
Soil and fertilizer
Loose, well-drained soil, such as a mixture of peat and sand with a small amount of gravel, is needed for gardening. Stores sell special soil for succulents or cacti.
To prepare suitable soil with your own hands, you will need: 3 parts of sand (perlite), 2 parts of garden soil, 2 parts of humus, 1 part of charcoal, a little lime, or crushed eggshells. On the bottom of the pot, before filling the soil, you can put a layer of stones.
Fertilization is recommended only during the transplant or growing season. In winter, fertilize the plant is not worth it.
Since succulents have the ability to accumulate water, they can go without watering for a long time. From spring to autumn, it is enough to water the plant 1 time / 2 weeks. In order for Adromischus to survive the winter, it needs special conditions. In December-January, you do not need to water the plant at all, in November and February it is enough to do it 1 time.
Important: do not pour water on the stalk of adromischus, otherwise it will rot!
If the leaves begin to crack, then the plant has little moisture.
This type of succulent rarely suffers from attack by parasites or diseases. Small pests (aphids, mealy worms) can be destroyed with systemic insecticides.
Due to excessive watering, the plant may begin to rot. In this case, you need to remove it from the pots, then separate the rotten areas. Before planting, rinse the roots with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Adromishus have a small height, but have high ground cover properties. Transplanting does not help increase the size of the plant (except in breadth), but it does benefit its health. If the succulent no longer fits in a pot, then you should choose a slightly larger container, given that it will not grow much.
Transplantation is recommended in the spring, when the adromischus ends its dormant period. No need to water it a couple of days before the procedure and a few more days after it.
After a few years, adromischus begins to wither and lose its leaves, even if it was grown according to all the rules. During this period is the time for reproduction.
Adromishus can be propagated from a single leaf vegetatively. It can be carefully torn off or cut off, then dried for a couple of days and simply placed with the end in the ground. Leaves are often easy to separate. A phillipsiae propagates better from stem cuttings than from single leaves.
The leaf takes root in 1-2 weeks, and young plants form within a few months. They should be watered in the same order, but with a small amount of water.
Important: when ordering a plant via the Internet, you need to be prepared for the fact that only a leaflet will be sent. It needs to be planted in the ground, and then wait for rooting.
Reproduction by seeds
If desired, you can grow any variety of adromischus from seeds, but this process will take a lot of time. For sowing, you will need the same type of soil as for breeding. It is necessary to sprinkle the seeds on top with a small amount of sand, then cover the pot with a film. Make ventilation holes in it and wait for the seeds to germinate. It usually takes a couple of weeks. Fortified plants are transplanted into separate flowerpots.
Adromishus is a plant that even a beginner can breed. In a well-groomed and properly designed form, it will delight the eye of its owner for many years!