Aechmea

Aechmea

Austere and at the same time beautiful Aechmea, care for which at home does not require constant attention, surprises with its ascetic appearance and special beauty. Only once in her life does she throw out a bud, bewitching with an extraordinary flowering. And it’s worth seeing! So, we reveal the little tricks on the content of the flower.

Aechmea belongs to the Bromeliad family. It is she who is given a place of honor among exotic perennials. Coming to us from the hot countries of the American continent, this unapproachable beauty is the most striking representative among the epiphytes. In nature, this extraordinary miracle is found in tropical forests, on rocky and rocky grounds.

Aechmea
Aechmea

There are frequent cases when their vegetative shoots inseminate the trunks of old trees, snags and quickly take root. And even in such conditions, they grow successfully, turning into luxurious, spreading flowers. Tropical downpours and sudden temperature fluctuations in nature temper the plant. Therefore, with proper home care, he is not afraid of the slightest changes in the microclimate.

Aechmea is a massive plant with a short stem and dense, spreading greenery. These plates have an elongated shape and characteristic hard edges with spines. Tightly gathered in the center, they form a funnel. It is here that moisture accumulates, which provides nutrition for a long time (from several days to a week). The Aechmea houseplant boasts a variety of shades, from pale green to rich “swamp” with striped veins.

Growth and flowering period

Aechmea

Special care for the exotic! Indeed, this “belligerent” handsome man with thorny greenery is accustomed to the humid climate of the tropics. In such conditions, its vegetative shoots are easily transferred to any objects: stones, rocks, trees and even the ground. Echmeya is not afraid of the sudden change in temperature. Therefore, if you decide to take it out into the open air, it will not suffer from such care.

This tropical beauty “lives” for 3-4 short, but bright years. During this time (with proper home care), she manages to bloom. True, this happens only once.

How to Achieve Better Grooming Results

 Aechmea

The exotic appearance of this tropical beauty will successfully complement any interior of a home decorated in a modern style. It will look great as an independent copy in halls and living rooms. To preserve the decorative effect of Aechmea, put a little effort and create a comfortable environment for caring at home.

Temperature

Optimal values ​​for the summer period are 20-26 ° C, in winter these figures are lowered to 15-18 ° C. Temperature drops will help the Aechmea to form a peduncle faster. However, it should not be in a draft. The optimal conditions for growth are clean, fresh air.

Humidity

Aechmea

Aechmea easily adapts to any care conditions, including dry air in apartments. Increase the humidity in the room – it will be much easier for it to grow. Spray the plant periodically with soft, settled water. Place a container of wet pebbles next to it. Finally, install a humidifier.

Lighting

When choosing a place for an Aechmea, pay attention to the density of its leaves. Well-lit areas are suitable for hard plates, soft ones prefer diffused light and partial shade.

The soil

Most types of Aechmea prefer peat, sod, leafy soils, humus mixtures, and crushed mosses. It is good to dilute the prepared soil with sand, crushed shards.

Watering

Aechmea

This part of the grooming is one of the main ones for the growing Aechmea. Make it a rule to water the plant 3 times a week during the warm season. In winter, reduce their number and limit yourself to lightly moistening the soil layer.

Reproduction

Aechmea

The beginning of spring is the best time for transplanting. Aechmea propagation occurs in a vegetative way. To do this, a process is separated from an adult plant and rooted. Sometimes ready-made seeds are used for planting.

Fertilizer

The frequency of feeding depends on the season. If during the warm period this is done every 20 days, in winter fertilizers are applied every month or one and a half. Preference is given to liquid substrates.

What you need to know about diseases and pests

Aechmea

Aechmea care at home should be regular and competent. Only then will it be possible to avoid possible difficulties with its growth. Be attentive to your “room friend”. Even the slightest changes in its appearance will say a lot:

  • The leaves turn brown – the plant is cold or rot has appeared on its roots.
  • Aechmea does not bloom – not enough light.
  • The leaves have withered – there is little moisture in the soil. Only the tips are dry – moisten the air.
  • Roots and shoots rotted at the base of the outlet – reduce the amount and amount of watering.
  • Aphids or scale insects have appeared on the plant – wash off insects under a warm shower. Treat the leaves with soapy water.

The main secret of caring for Aechmea is maintaining a normal humidity level, sufficient illumination and timely watering. Any ailments must be noticed and controlled. Then Aechmea will decorate your home and become the brightest and most pleasant part of the interior.

Types and varieties of ehmei with photos and names

Aechmea weilbachii

Aechmea weilbachii
Aechmea weilbachii

Or Weilbach’s lamprococcus (Lamprococcus weilbachii). The rosette is formed by flexible xiphoid leaf blades with a pointed end and a leathery surface. Small thornless thorns are located at the edge of each leaf. The color of the leaves is reddish green.

The size of the scaly peduncle can be up to half a meter, it is covered with small raspberry foliage. The raceme inflorescence combines red bracts with lilac flowers, complemented by a white border. Sepals are partially accrete.

Aechmea distichantha

Aechmea distichantha
Aechmea distichantha

Or PlatyAechmea distichantha. It happens as an epiphyte and a terrestrial flower. Forms spreading rosettes up to a meter in diameter. Long foliage is pointed at the ends and green in color. There is a variegated variegata form with wide white stripes on its leaf blades. The size of each plate can reach up to half a meter with a width of about 3 cm. The edges of the leaves are framed by small closely spaced brownish thorns. The size of the peduncle reaches 60 cm. Purple flowers with bright red bracts bloom on it.

Aechmea curved (Aechmea recurvata)

Aechmea curved (Aechmea recurvata)
Aechmea curved (Aechmea recurvata)

The species can live both on the ground and in trees. Forms a rosette of linear foliage. Each rosette can contain about a dozen leaves about half a meter long. Their width does not exceed 1.5 cm, and at the base of the foliage grows together into a common tube. Spiny teeth are located along the edge of the leaves.

Flowering begins in spring. The size of the inflorescence of such an aechmea reaches 20 cm. The red flowers have petals about 2.5 cm long, the bracts are also colored red.

This species has a miniature ortgiesii form. The height of its rosette is only 15 cm. The foliage is leathery, “looking” upward. Its length reaches 30 cm. The flowers are pink in color, and the bracts are red.

Aechmea comata

Aechmea comata
Aechmea comata

Or Aechmea linden (Aechmea lindenii). It has foliage up to a meter long and 5 cm wide. The top of each sheet is rounded, and there are small teeth on the edge. In winter, Aechmea comata forms a spike inflorescence. It contains yellow flowers, complemented by red bracts. Has a Makoyana hybrid with creamy stripes on the leaf blades.

Aechmea matte red (Aechmea miniata)

Aechmea matte red (Aechmea miniata)
Aechmea matte red (Aechmea miniata)

The socket includes a variety of sheet plates up to 50 cm long. The top of the foliage is pointed, and as it approaches the base, they become narrower. The color of the leaves is green, but below it takes on a dark purple hue. Tiny teeth are located along the edges of the leaf, and the surface has a scaly structure. Forms pyramidal inflorescences with blue flowers and red sepals. The berries that appear in their place are pink in color. The species is distinguished by especially long flowering and undemanding care.

Aechmea striped (Aechmea fasciata)

Aechmea striped (Aechmea fasciata)
Aechmea striped (Aechmea fasciata)

Or striped bilbergia (Billbergia fasciata). The socket forms a kind of tube. Its diameter reaches 1 m. Aechmea fasciata has belt-like leaf blades about 60 cm long and 6 cm wide. The color of the leaves is dark green, but against this background there is a marble pattern of light stripes. The peduncle is covered with small scales. The inflorescence is complex, about 30 cm long. The bracts are colored pink, and the flowers, as they develop, change their color from purple to reddish. Sepals are slightly pubescent. Has a hybrid form Primera, characterized by a sharper and more contrasting pattern on the leaves.

Aechmea sparkling (Aechmea fulgens)

Aechmea sparkling (Aechmea fulgens)
Aechmea sparkling (Aechmea fulgens)

Forms a rosette of bright green belt-like foliage. Its length is slightly less than 50 cm. The leaves have a rounded top and a serrated edge. It blooms with coral flowers decorated with bracts. They are pink in color. Flowering is very abundant: one inflorescence can hold up to hundreds of flowers.

The view has the form discolor. It is notable for its two-colored foliage. From the inside, its plates are painted in red-lilac, and from the outside – in olive.

Aechmea caudata

Aechmea caudata
Aechmea caudata

The foliage forming the rosette is directed straight. It is colored bright green and is complemented by a creamy yellow longitudinal stripe running along the edge of the leaf. Forms a panicle inflorescence, which includes golden-yellow flowers. The peduncle is covered with light bloom.

What you need to know about diseases and pests

Aechmea care at home should be regular and competent. Only then will it be possible to avoid possible difficulties with its growth. Be attentive to your “room friend”. Even the slightest changes in its appearance will say a lot:

  • The leaves turn brown – the plant is cold or rot has appeared on its roots.
  • Aechmea does not bloom – not enough light.
  • The leaves have withered – there is little moisture in the soil. Only the tips are dry – moisten the air.
  • Roots and shoots rotted at the base of the outlet – reduce the amount and amount of watering.
  • Aphids or scale insects have appeared on the plant – wash off insects under a warm shower. Treat the leaves with soapy water.

The main secret of caring for Aechmea is maintaining a normal humidity level, sufficient illumination and timely watering. Any ailments must be noticed and controlled. Then Aechmea will decorate your home and become the brightest and most pleasant part of the interior.

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