Angraecum

Angraecum

Among the numerous and different representatives of the orchid family, the orchid called Angraecum stands out. This genus includes approximately 200 different species. Under natural conditions, they can be found in the tropical rainforests of Africa, on the island of Madagascar, as well as on other islands of the Indian Ocean. The star-shaped flowers are usually white. They can also be small or quite large (diameter from 3 to 10 centimeters), as, for example, in the species that are most popular – Magdalena Angraecum and One and a half foot Angraecum. On the surface of the leaves and flowers, there is a special wax coating, which makes this plant especially attractive. So, the flowering bush of Angraecum is a very spectacular and unique sight.

Angraecum orchid care at home

Such a plant, like almost all other representatives of this family, needs high humidity and sufficient heat.

Temperature regime

So, in summer, Angraecum needs a moderate temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. With the onset of the winter period, it is recommended to slightly lower the temperature of the content by 4 or 5 degrees, but do not forget that in the room where such an orchid is located, it should not be colder than 16 degrees. It must be moistened from a sprayer and watered systematically while making sure that the soil mixture is slightly moist all the time. For irrigation, you should use water at room temperature, while it is best to take rainwater or well-settled water, but boiled water can also be used. In order to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the substrate, it is recommended to place a not very thick layer of sphagnum on its surface. This will also help keep the soil well breathable.

Lighting

The level of illumination is very important for the normal growth and development of Angraecum. Lighting should be very bright, but the plant requires only diffused light. The fact is that the direct rays of the sun have a detrimental effect on the plant, which in the wild hides from them under the canopy of the forest. In addition to bright lighting, it is necessary to provide such a flower with a rather long daylight period of 12 hours, and it should have such a length all year round. In this regard, in the warm season, experts advise moving the Angraecum to a balcony or garden. This will not only help provide the right level of light, but the plant will also be able to get fresh air, which has a positive effect on it. In winter, experts advise supplementing the plant with special fluorescent lamps.

Land mixture

For planting, a standard soil mixture for epiphytes is suitable. In order for the plant to grow and bloom well, the substrate must consist of tree bark, charcoal, fern roots and sphagnum.

Features of flowering

The beginning of the bookmarking of buds falls in November, and flowering lasts, as a rule, from December to February. The flowering time is 3 to 4 weeks. The flowers of this plant are very fragrant, but this pleasant smell can only be felt at night. The fact is that insects that pollinate this type of orchid in natural conditions fly only at night, and the plant tries to attract it, enhancing its aroma at this particular time of day.

Rest period

There is no distinct rest period. However, after flowering ends, it is recommended to carefully cut the peduncle, slightly reduce watering, and also stop fertilizing the soil (for several months).

Fertilizer

You need to feed the plant during intensive growth. To do this, it is recommended to use a complex mineral fertilizer for orchids, while taking only ½ of the dose indicated on the package.

Transplant Features

Transplantation is carried out 1 time in 2 or 3 years. Its goal is not only to replace the soil mixture with fresh, but also to change the pot to a more spacious one. It is recommended to transplant this orchid in the spring after it has faded. During transplantation, you can also carry out the reproduction procedure.

Reproduction methods

For the propagation of such a plant, “kids” (lateral processes) are used. They will definitely appear if the plant is properly cared for. You need to plant the baby very carefully so as not to damage its rather delicate roots. Otherwise, the adaptation period will be greatly delayed, and flowering can be seen only after a few years.

Diseases and pests

This genus of orchids is quite resistant to diseases. Most often, young plants that have not grown stronger are sick. As a rule, a scale insect settles on them or gray rot appears. If pests are found, they should be tried to be removed from the surface of the plant, and then treated with an insecticide of the appropriate action. When rot appears, it is necessary to reduce the frequency of watering for a while. If adult specimens are properly cared for and provided with the necessary conditions for normal growth, then, as a rule, such problems do not arise with them.

Possible difficulties

Most often, flower growers are worried that the Angraecum does not bloom. As a rule, too dry air or irregular watering is to blame. If there are such problems, then they can be very easily recognized by the appearance of the plant. So, its leaves will begin to turn yellow, and growth will become slower. In the case when an outwardly healthy plant does not bloom, this may mean that it simply does not have enough light.

Angraecum is not demanding in care. For its normal growth and development, only high humidity, fresh air and sufficient lighting are required.

RELATED POST

Leave a Reply