Hello dear readers! If you have Asystasia, you are a fortunate florist who can procure rare specimens! The fact is that this flower is rarely seen in homes and even in flower shops. This cannot but surprise, because this plant is unusually viable and not at all demanding to care for it. In addition, Asystasia is beautiful and blooms for a very long time. Nevertheless, in our country, it remains almost an exotic domestic plant. She belongs to the acanthus family.
I will share one little secret. If you want Asystasia to bloom from year to year, provide it with the conditions for a winter holiday. During this period, the plant requires a lower temperature, dim light, dry ambient air and no feeding.
Lighting, ambient temperature
From early spring to late fall, Asystasia requires bright lighting. The best place for this flower is the window sill on the south side of the room. At the same time, protect it with a screen from the hot midday sunlight. Otherwise, after the burns that appear on the leaves, a flower disease will follow. Insufficient lighting during the period of active growth also leads to Asystasia to diseases.
In winter, when the Asystasia flower is at rest, it needs dim lighting.
Asystasia is such an unpretentious plant that it develops excellently at any room temperature. The only condition in terms of ambient temperature is that it requires cooler air during the rest period. Its temperature should not exceed 18 degrees.
Watering and air humidity
In the warm season, water Asystasia often, abundantly. Of course, do not allow the water to stagnate in the pot, as well as completely dry out the topsoil. At the bottom of the pot, lay a drainage layer of pebbles, expanded clay, or pieces of styrofoam. In practice, flower growers water Asystasia at this time, when the topsoil becomes only slightly moist. But in winter, water the flower rarely and little.
Asystasia variegated excellently develops at any humidity of the ambient air. Even during the heating season, it does not suffer from dryness. At the same time, there are isolated cases when the tips of its leaves dried up at this time. If you notice this, then do not waste time spraying the leaves.
During the period of active growth, feed Asystasia regularly. Combine top dressing with watering. To do this, add the required amount of liquid complex fertilizers to the water. Do this every two, maximum of three weeks. Some growers feed the lipolytic Asystasia every week with a half dose of fertilizers. Keep in mind that for this flower it is advisable to use not fertilizers for flowering indoor plants, but universal complex mineral fertilizers.
Pruning for Asystasia is optional. But the plant is not at all afraid of her. So you can safely shape the crown of the bush at your own discretion. Be sure to cut the weakened branches.
Soil and transplant, reproduction
The unpretentiousness of this beautiful flower also applies to the soil. The plant thrives in almost any soil.
Transplant the flower as needed, that is, when its roots are cramped in the pot. Typically, young plants are replanted annually, and adults after two or three years. Do the transplant in early spring, immediately after the Asystasia wakes up from winter sleep.
The root system of Asystasia is powerful, it grows both in depth and in the width of the pot. Therefore, plant the flower in large pots. Asystasia will not bloom in small containers.
At home, the flower can be propagated by cuttings. The seed propagation method is suitable only for hot countries where the plant is grown in open space.
How to root a plant? Cuttings take root after two weeks in a glass of clean water. You don’t even have to cover them with foil or germinate them in sand or substrate.
Diseases and pests
This flower never gets sick, which is further proof of its ease of growing. The only exception is root rot due to excessive watering. If you made such a mistake, then try to save the Asystasia. To do this, remove it from the pot, carefully remove the earthy lump and cut off all rotten roots. After this place, the cuts, sprinkle with ash or grated charcoal, plant the plant in new soil. Then do not water the flower for three days.
As for parasites, experience shows that only one of them can affect Asystasia. This is a spider mite. It starts up only in very dry ambient air. You can get rid of it mechanically: wash the affected areas with soapy water, then wash off the soap stains with warm water.
Flower types with photos and names
At home, it is possible to grow only two types of Asystasia.
This type is characterized by stunningly beautiful blue flowers, but they can be lilac, pink, white. Outwardly, they are similar to lilies, only collected in one-sided brushes. The plant is also called Makaya Bella. A popular variety – reticular Asystasia, is named so because of the mesh on the leaves.
This variety pleases with white or slightly blue flowers. Gangetica leaves have pronounced streaks of purple, lilac, or purple. You can grow the species indoors or outdoors if you live in areas with a warm climate.