Cambria

Cambria

Cambria is a trading name for a rather numerous genus, representatives of which are hybrids created by crossing plants from genera such as Brassia ,  Miltonia,  Odontoglossum and some others. Also in flower shops, such a plant is often called Aliceara, Bakerara, Beallara, while in the scientific literature it is called “Degarmoara”.

Plants of this genus have a sympodial growth pattern. So, the growth of young shoots occurs on a horizontally located shortened stem (rhizome). As they grow, the old shoots die off. Oval developed pseudobulbs have a spindle-shaped or flattened shape. On the surface of thin roots, there is a layer of velamen, which has a porous structure. From the upper part of the pseudobulb, 2 or 3 green leaves grow, which reach a length of 50 centimeters and have a belt-like or broadly lanceolate shape. On the surface of the leaf, the central vein is clearly visible, while the leaf plate itself is slightly folded inward along it.

Such an orchid can bloom at any time of the year. Multi-flowered peduncles appear from the axils of the lower leaves, most often they are straight, but sometimes branching. In length, such flower stalks can reach 60 centimeters, they host up to 50 relatively large flowers (diameter up to 7–10 centimeters). Zygomorphic flowers have 5 sepals, which are connected in the form of an asterisk, and they also have one well-defined and fairly large lip (modified petal). The color of the flowers can be different, but for the most part, it is variegated (specks, stains, specks or patterns). Some of the flowers are quite fragrant.

Caring for a cambria orchid at home

Caring for orchids is not as easy as, for example, dendrobiums or phalaenopsis. However, if you have a few skills and know the basic rules for care, then you can safely grow this beautiful flower at home.

Lighting

Needs bright light, but at the same time the plant needs to be shaded from direct sunlight. Best of all, it will feel on the windows of east and west orientation. If the cambria is placed on the south window, then it should be slightly shaded from the scorching midday sun.

In winter, the plant will need to be illuminated with special fitolamps. It should be noted that daylight hours in this period should have a duration of at least 10 hours.

Temperature regime

The plant all year round requires a uniformly moderate temperature regime from 18 to 25 degrees.

Cumbria has one significant feature, for example, it does not need daily temperature fluctuations in order for the formation of flower buds to occur.

Land mixture

To grow this kind of orchid in a pot, you will need a special soil mixture. Its most important components are: crushed sphagnum and fine-grained pine bark. In order to prevent acidification, which occurs due to the decomposition of the bark, not very large pieces of charcoal should be poured into the earth mixture. And to make aeration better, you can use small expanded clay, peat chips or pumice. It happens that for better air permeability, small pieces of polystyrene are added to the substrate, but this is not very convenient, since this light material does not sink and floats on the surface of the water during immersion irrigation.

When planting such a plant, you need to be very careful with its delicate roots. At the very beginning, the entire root system should be lowered into an empty container, and only after that, carefully pour the finished earth mixture. When the orchid is planted, sphagnum moss should be laid out on the surface of the substrate in a not very thick layer. It will prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture.

There is also another very important subtlety. Before pouring the bark into a pot, it must be boiled several times (2 or 3). This will remove excess resin, and also the pieces will be well saturated with moisture.

How to water

Watering such a flower is recommended by immersion. Water is drawn into the basin and a container is lowered into it (it must be completely immersed) with an orchid. After 20 to 30 minutes have passed, the pot should be removed. During this time, the porous velamen covering the surface of the roots will be saturated with moisture. The flower is put in place only after all the excess liquid has drained.

There is an opinion among flower growers that the orchid loves moisture very much, but with all this, it should not be flooded. The fact is that very often, due to excess moisture, the roots begin to rot, and this often entails the death of the plant itself. To prevent this, you need to water the cambria only after the bark is completely dry.

For irrigation, use only soft water at room temperature, which must be well settled. In the event that the water from the water supply is of poor quality, then mandatory filtration is required before it is used for irrigation.

Air humidity

This kind of orchid does not need high humidity. In order for her to feel good at room conditions, only 35 percent humidity is required. Maintaining this level of humidity is very simple. So, the top layer, consisting of moss, must be systematically moistened from a sprayer, and it is also recommended to place an open container with liquid in the immediate vicinity of the flower.

Fertilizer

Top dressing is carried out only during the period of growth and maturation of pseudobulbs 1 time in 2 weeks. To do this, use special fertilizer for orchids.

Transplant Features

Such a plant is extremely negative about transplants. In this regard, this procedure should be carried out only in case of emergency, when it ceases to fit in the container. When transplanting cambria, it is necessary to take into account the nature of growth, or rather, where the next young sprout will appear. Therefore, the flower is planted by pressing it against the edge of the container so that the young pseudobulbs have the maximum amount of free space. At the same time, one should not forget that the growing rhizome has a “ladder-like” rise.

In those plants that have grown very strongly, you can remove the pseudobulbs that have dried up, turned yellow, or are quite old.

Reproduction methods

For propagation of cambria, the method of dividing the rhizome into parts is used. It should be borne in mind that on each division there should be 2 or 3 mature pseudobulbs, which also have a strong root system. Crushed charcoal is used to process slices of delenok. After the sections have dried, the plants are seated in separate containers. The first watering should be done only after about 7 days after planting.

Pests and diseases

This plant is quite resistant to harmful insects, but sometimes a spider mite settles on it. If pests are found, arrange a warm (about 45 degrees) shower for the flower.

The plant is sick most often due to violations of the rules of care:

  1. Rotting pseudobulb and root system – a lot of moisture, unsuitable earth mixture, low air temperature. As a result, the flower may die.
  2. Cambria does not bloom – too hot or not enough light.
  3. Young leaves grow folded “accordion” and do not straighten out over time – too hot or too low humidity.

Folded leaves do not lead to serious problems, but they spoil the appearance of cambria. The fact is that the surface of young leaves (and peduncles) is sticky. In air, such a surface dries quickly enough, and therefore the sheet cannot fully straighten.

Also, small dots of black color very often appear on the surface of the foliage. The fact is that all groups of oncidium hybrids are prone to fungal diseases. At the same time, already infected specimens are often offered in flower shops. Cumbria cannot be cured of this disease, but it does not affect the growth and development of the flower.

Life cycle

Because of the pseudobulbs, this plant has a clearly defined life cycle, which is reflected in its condition. Among the many types, one can often find a process that has the following description. Before flowering begins, young pseudobulbs get fat, pouring juice, and after that, they freeze, and after some time flower stalks appear from the axils of the leaves. When flowering ends, the pseudobulb becomes wrinkled and gradually dries out. However, a young sprout is formed near its base, and this process is repeated again.

Types of Cambria

Below will be listed those species that are most popular with flower growers and they can be safely purchased at a flower shop and grown in your apartment.

Vuylstekeara

This is a complex hybrid obtained by crossing Cochlioda, Miltonia and Odontoglossum. This graceful orchid on a peduncle can have from 5 to 20 flowers of a fairly large size, which are most often painted in red, pink or yellow. It blooms for a long time, about 8 weeks. The beginning of flowering occurs at the end of the winter beginning of the spring period.

Burrageara

This hybrid is even more complex than the previous one. It was created by crossing plants from the genera Cochlioda, Oncidium, Miltonia, and Odontoglossum. The color of the flowers is a variety of combinations of red and yellow hues. The flowers are quite fragrant and their smell is similar to a rose. Flowering is observed in the middle of winter.

Beallara

This hybrid was obtained by crossing brassia, odontoglossum, miltonia, and also cochlioda. Flowering occurs from mid to late summer. The flowers are cream-colored or pink-white-purple, as a rule, on their surface there is a very large number of various dots and specks of dark color.

Colmanara

This hybrid appeared as a result of crossing oncidium, odontoglossum and miltonia. The plant blooms for quite a long time 1-3 months. The main color of the flowers is various shades of yellow and red.

Degarmoara

Such a hybrid was the result of crossing odontoglossum, brassia and miltonia. It has flowers of a rather large size, so their diameter can reach 10 centimeters. Flowering can begin at any time and depends on the maturation of the pseudobulbs. Flowers can have a variety of shapes and colors.

Odontocidium

This hybrid is quite simple and it is obtained by crossing oncidium and odontoglossum. On long peduncles there are up to 50 medium-sized flowers. Flowers can be painted in a variety of combinations of yellow and red, while on their surface there are a variety of dark patterns and dots.

Odontioda

This hybrid is also not difficult. It is obtained by crossing an odontoglossum and a cochlioda. The color of the flowers is a variety of combinations of yellow and red flowers.

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