Condensate is a product that forms when water passes from a gaseous form to a liquid. The amount of moisture in the air is determined by the room temperature. The warmer the air temperature, the greater the amount of water in a vapor state it can hold. With a decrease in temperature indicators to a certain level, moisture from the air goes into a liquid state, dew or condensate precipitates. There is such a temperature value, which is called the “dew point”.
This is an indicator of the maximum saturation of air with moisture at a constant temperature. If warm air comes in contact with a cool surface, a physical phenomenon occurs – condensation. Condensation occurs in all rooms with high relative humidity. In apartments, bathrooms, bathrooms, kitchens, cellars with heating pipes, balconies suffer from this phenomenon. Dew falls on tiles, water and sewer pipes, a drain tank, condensation appears on the windows. This harms functional structures, humidity has a destructive effect on metal products, connecting elements.
How me fight with condensate
To reduce the formation of water vapor with its subsequent condensation into water droplets, it is necessary to organize good ventilation of the internal space. Modern technological solutions make it possible to create high tightness of windows, doorways, organize high-level thermal insulation. For a healthy microclimate of residential and non-residential premises, it is important to take care of air conditioning and ventilation.
Each room has a system of organized natural ventilation, which is implemented through channels and ducts laid during the construction of the premises. Additionally, thanks to the installed fans, the air flows are forcibly directed upwards, removed from the apartment and air masses circulate. Natural ventilation does not cope with the increased humidity of bathrooms and kitchens. Loggias, rooms without windows, basement rooms need additional ventilation.
How to reduce humidity in the bathroom
The bathroom is considered the wettest room in the living room. Lack of solar heat, poor ventilation, high water content in the air create a favorable environment for the development of bacteria, fungus, mold. By allowing such malicious entities to appear, it will be very difficult to get rid of them. Humidity is reduced by complex solutions: installation of forced ventilation and thermal insulation of pipes, walls, floors.
It is recommended not to allow an increase in relative humidity above 70%. Supply and exhaust ventilation should be installed not only in the bathroom or shower room, but also in the bathroom, in the kitchen. The operation of the exhaust fan will not give effect if there is no influx of fresh air. The air that is drawn out of the room must be compensated by fresh air flow. Only in this way will the moisture go away and condensation on the tile in the bathroom will not form.
How to organize forced ventilation
The cheapest way to improve the ventilation of a bathroom is with exhaust fans. They can be easily installed in the provided openings of the ventilation duct. Before installation, check that the shaft is clean. You should also pay attention to the presence of a gap under the door through which air will be replenished. Some models of such fans have a hygrostat or motion sensors.
This is very convenient: the device will turn on when the humidity in the room increases or when it detects the presence of a person in the room. Exhaust fans may not provide high efficiency, but the moisture concentration will decrease. The supply valve will provide greater efficiency. This is a special small device that creates an influx of fresh air from the street.
Structurally, this is a pipe with heat, sound insulation and internal damper. Such an organization of passive ventilation is not possible in all rooms, it is usually installed during the construction of houses. It effectively solves the problem of airing rooms without windows. The most correct solution to the problem of condensation on the walls, ceiling or tile in the bathroom is the installation of a supply and exhaust system. This is equipment that will provide fresh air and exhaust air to all rooms.
The principle of operation of the supply and exhaust system
Exhaust ventilation allows you to control the humidity of the room, create the most comfortable indoor microclimate and provide uninterrupted airflow. Forced-air and exhaust installations are used for airing huge halls, shopping and entertainment centers, social facilities, industrial premises. There are compact installations designed for apartments and rooms.
For proper operation of the ventilation system, two through holes are required. On the outside of the house, the openings have gratings that protect them from foreign objects, dust and dirt. The air distribution device may have various technical characteristics that are responsible for the power and performance of the equipment.
Also in the installation of the supply and exhaust system there are two regulating elements: one regulator controls the amount of air, the second – temperature. Such an installation provides sufficient circulation and air filtration, controls the humidity of the premises. Two supply ventilation valves provide a continuous supply of fresh air, through the air ducts it goes to all rooms of the apartment. For the most efficient operation of the installation, it is important to properly organize the incoming and outgoing air flows.