One of the brightest representatives of the Orchidaceae family is the Cymbidium orchid. This plant is common in the tropics and subtropics, in particular in Asia and Australia. Cymbidium home care, which is very similar to natural home care, entered a long time ago, it was first brought to China about 2000 years ago.
“King of fragrances”, that’s what Confucius called the cymbidium.
Now among gardeners, the abbreviated name of cymbidium is common – “Cym”. However, why exactly did the cymbidium become so widespread throughout the world? First of all, the popularity is caused by the appearance of this orchid. Cymbidium leaves are long, leathery, sword-shaped, most often pointed at the ends. The flower is located on a long and thin peduncle. It is the flowers that betray the beauty of the plant. The size of the flower can be different, but most often the flowers are quite large.
The color of the flower also varies, in plants of the same type of color, as a rule, they do not differ much, white, green, yellow, pink and brown colors predominate. There are usually many flowers on one peduncle, however, there are peduncles with only one flower. In home floriculture, as a rule, small types of cymbidium are common, It is small plants that have a strong and very pleasant smell. Many compositions are made with the participation of cymbidium, photos perfectly demonstrate the beauty of this plant. It is also worth noting that cut cymbidium flowers can retain their appearance for quite a long time (more than two weeks if standing in water).
Not the most whimsical plant is the cymbidium, caring for it is different from caring for other orchids. Also at home, there is difficulty with flowering, but the cymbidium is regarded as one of the most unpretentious orchids.
Species with small flowers (Chinese cymbidiums) are grown in partial shade. The rest, species with large flowers, prefer bright but diffused light. This type of orchid is very photophilous, but it differs from others in its poor tolerance to direct sunlight. In winter, the cymbidium often suffers from a lack of sun, the leaves in the deficiency become more faded, pale. In spring, it is recommended to take the plant out into the open air, subject to normal temperature and shading from direct sunlight.
It should be borne in mind that the cymbidium prefers day and night temperature differences. In general, the temperature should be moderate. In the summer, daytime, the temperature should be quite high, around 25-30 degrees Celsius. At the same time, at night it should drop to 15-20 degrees Celsius. The temperature in winter, during the daytime should be around 12-15 degrees, at night the temperature should be slightly below 12 degrees. Non-compliance with the temperature regime is the main reason for the lack of flowering, but most often this is not the fault of the owners, in our latitudes it is rather difficult to achieve long-term flowering. You should also catch a clear line of the minimum temperature, the cymbidium does not respond well to low temperatures, especially in summer, try not to let the temperature drop below 7-8 degrees at night. You should be especially careful at the beginning of summer.
Cymbidium does not need abundant watering. It is worth watering the plant as the soil dries up, and it is important to water it exactly when the soil is almost dry, at the same time it is impossible to let the substrate dry out completely. In summer, at high temperatures, watering should be more frequent. In winter, at favorable temperatures, water once every two weeks, at high temperatures – more often. For irrigation, use settled water at room temperature.
It is worth spraying the cymbidium in the summer, it should not be sprayed often, in the summer it is advisable to wipe the leaves from dust. At normal temperatures in winter, the plant is not sprayed. But when the temperature rises, the plant needs increased humidity. In winter, air humidity can partially supplement soil moisture, while watering remains mandatory.
From spring to the beginning of flowering, the plant should be fertilized, special fertilizers for orchids are suitable for this. Top dressing should be carried out every 2-3 weeks.
Cymbidium is very fond of fresh air, especially during flowering. If your orchid is in an open space, you should take care of shading, and day and night temperatures should also be taken into account. Irrigation can be carried out by rain, however, the frequency of precipitation should be taken into account, with such irrigation, good drainage should be considered.
Soil and transplant
The composition of the soil for orchids, and for cymbidium in particular, is very complex, it is easier to buy a prepared seven for orchids. If you want to make the substrate yourself, then the main components will be crushed pine bark, osmund roots, charcoal and sphagnum moss, you should also take care of good drainage. Pots for cymbidium are chosen long, in the form of a vase, this is due to the peculiarities of the root system.
The cymbidium is transplanted every 3 years, after flowering.
With good care, the cymbidium produces several children a year, and they should be propagated. Children quite quickly (within a month) take root in a new place. Therefore, the reproduction of the cymbidium does not present much difficulty.