Dracula orchid is a genus of herbaceous epiphytic perennials of the family Orchidaceae, whose natural range covers Central and South America, from Mexico to Peru.
Dracula orchid: features of transplantation
Dracula is a plant that does not require frequent, regular transplants. It is necessary to replant the plant only when it grows strongly and the roots begin to bulge out of the pot, or when the substrate becomes unusable.
To transplant the plant, you will need a new clear plastic pot, a special substrate, sphagnum moss and warm water.
You can buy soil for Dracula at any flower shop or prepare it yourself from pine bark (a small fraction), sphagnum, fern roots and charcoal.
In a pot with large drainage holes, moss should be placed and part of the substrate should be poured (about 1/3 of the total volume of the pot). Next, the roots of the plant are placed in the container, lightly sprinkled with soil and sprayed with a spray gun with warm rainwater. Small plants can be tied to a support. After 3-4 days, spraying should be replaced with full-fledged watering.
Also, this type of orchid can be grown in coconut blocks. To do this, a layer of sphagnum is laid on the bottom of the pot, fiber is placed and covered with another layer of moss. By growing, the orchid develops faster and with proper care practically does not get sick.
Dracula orchid: Location and Care
Dracula is a shade-tolerant plant that prefers to grow in shade or partial shade. Bright lighting and direct sunlight leave ugly burn spots on the delicate leaves of the orchid, so the pot with the plant should be placed in the depths of rooms whose windows face northeast or northwest. Even with a lack of sunlight, Dracula does not need to be put on the windowsill – it can be more than compensated with artificial lighting.
When growing Dracula, it is worth remembering that it will need a special temperature regime. The fact is that this orchid does not like too high air temperature and already at 25 degrees can lose its leaves and / or buds. Therefore, the temperature when growing the plant should be in the range of 14-22 degrees. At the same time, temperature changes during the day and at night should be no more than 3-4 degrees.
Remarkably, in the life cycle of Dracula there is no concept of periods of rest, active growth or flowering – it develops throughout the year and can bloom whenever it wants. In this regard, the care of the plant is quite monotonous.
In nature, Dracula grows in fairly humid tropical forests, where it rains every day. Therefore, when growing a plant in room conditions, regular and sufficiently abundant watering is needed. To do this, the pot with the plant is immersed in soft melted or rainwater and given to the substrate to be saturated with moisture. Next, the container with the plant is rearranged on a deep pallet and allowed to drain excess water. After that, the orchid can be returned to a permanent place until the next watering.
The plant should be watered as the substrate dries (and this depends primarily on the temperature and humidity of the air in the room), preventing it from drying out completely.
Abundant and frequent watering of Dracula must be supplemented with daily spraying of the plant on the leaf. This will help compensate for the lack of moisture (ideally it should be 85-90%) and additionally nourish the leaves with moisture.
Since Dracula does not have a pronounced vegetative period, the plant will have to be fed all year round. This should be done 1-2 times a month, using complex fertilizers for epiphytes and orchids.
When new sprouts appear on the plant, the amount of fertilizing can be increased to 6-8 per month, but at the same time the amount of nutrient mixture recommended by the manufacturer is reduced exactly three times.
Propagation of Dracula orchid
In our latitudes, Dracula is reproduced exclusively in a vegetative way. To do this, the adult plant is divided into several parts in such a way that on each division there are 4-5 sprouts with active buds.
Reproduction of Dracula occurs as follows: a pot with an orchid is immersed in water for several minutes, the plant is removed from the pot and cut the rhizome into several parts, trying not to damage the air roots. Next, the cut places are treated with crushed coal and the divisions are planted in pots.
The first 3-4 days after planting, the plant should be sprayed on the leaf, moisturizing and nourishing the soil mixture. After that, the care of sprouts is no different from the care of adult plants.
Diseases and pests of Dracula
Dracula is a fairly disease-resistant plant. However, with improper care and excessive humidity, various fungi can appear on it. The most common diseases of this orchid are black, root, brown and gray rot and late blight. All of them occur when water stagnates in the ground or due to insufficient ventilation of the room. They should be fought with the help of various fungicides that inhibit the growth and development of the fungus.
In case of problems with the root system, the plant may also need emergency transplantation into a fresh substrate.
Pests are also not indifferent to Dracula. Most often it is affected by adult aphids, thrips pests, insect shields, orchid and spider mites and whitefly moths. They should be combated with the help of soap and alcohol solutions and insecticides. Also, do not forget about the preventive treatment of other plants in the room, in order to certainly remove pests.
Dracula orchid: a place in the house
Dracula, like all orchids, is considered an energy vampire. However, this orchid removes only bad energy, thus cleansing the energy of the house. It helps to establish marital relations, smooth out old conflicts and squabbles and open a new page in your life.
In addition, it is believed that in the house where there is Dracula, there are always many children. Therefore, phytoenergetics recommend buying this flower for people who really want to have a child.
The beneficial properties of the plant in no way depend on its location in the apartment, so a pot with Dracula can be placed in any corner of the house. It is worth remembering that the peak of the flower’s energy activity comes at midnight, so you should not place it in the bedroom.