Fatsia is a monotypic genus belonging to the Araliev family – Japanese Fatsia. The magnificent crown of Japanese Fatsia invariably attracts the attention of all flower growers in the world, long-term cultivation has made it possible to “tame” and refine the Asian beauty. Another name is Japanese Aralia. On the islands, wild plants grow up to six meters, mesmerizingly touching leaves in the wind with wide palms. They are the main attraction of the plant.
First of all, it should be learned that the cultural Japanese Fatsia around the world is represented by only one species. But she has a lot of varieties.
- Mazeri is a very compact bush, never large.
- Spider Web is very high, several stories high, the leaves are as if splashed with whitewash.
- Variegata – the green fingers of the leaves seemed to be dipped in white paint, it looks very unusual.
- Annelize – genetically chlorophyll has been brought to a half-life, which makes the leaves look golden yellow.
- Tsumugi Shibori – has almost bleached leaves with green veins located in a mesh.
Another option for growth is a hybrid of Japanese Fatsia and curly, all familiar Ivy ordinary. The unusual plant retained the incredible growth of the former and the cute drooping shoots from the latter. The hybrid is called Fatskhedera and differs in the number of divided blades on the leaf – no more than five cuts. The plant is evergreen, in care, it completely coincides with both parental forms.
Japanese Fatsia Care
Location. Placing a plant in an apartment, you should immediately consider the appropriateness of its location. It is unlikely that a meter-long giant will successfully fit into a small-sized room, and it can reach this size of the Japanese Fatsia cuttings in about ten to fifteen months. This decorative deciduous plant looks very expensive and luxurious in large halls and offices, getting maximum space and optimal air-solar microclimate. It has been proven that wide leafs of leaves perfectly clean the air of the room, filtering dust and dirt. For childcare facilities, there are restrictions, since the stems are still poisonous when ingested.
Lighting. The best option is diffused, moderately intense, pigmented varieties with dark green leaves that tolerate shading and artificial light well. In the southern regions and in summer, plants are placed outside, which makes the crown more luxuriant, the stems are thicker and stronger, the root system is more developed.
Temperature. Room temperature +20 is suitable for all varieties of Japanese Fatsia, at + 12 + 16 degrees, growth and development slow down, further decline threatens death.
Humidity and watering. The most important rule when moistening the soil is not to overflow the liquid, but also not to overdry the soil, otherwise drooping leaves may never recover. After that, you have to tie up the leaves, come up with supports and for a long time restore the previous beautiful view. After the top of the earth dries up, watering is required, preferably with warm water, a little less often in winter.
Overflow prevention is simple: install a pallet and remove excess liquid after an hour. The leaves themselves require frequent damp wiping with a soft cloth, spraying up to several times a day and, if possible, a real shower a couple of times a year.
Planting and transplanting. Initially, cuttings and layering are placed in pots of a size suitable for the root system, the land from the park (leaf) is combined with sand, peat, and sod mixture. As it develops, the entire bush is moved to a larger pot, while adding a root system stimulant.
Reproduction. The simplest method, suitable for any flower grower, is to plant the air layer directly into the soil and cover it with glassware. Cut cuttings with several buds above are placed in water until roots are formed and also placed in greenhouse conditions with a temperature of 25 degrees in the sand with peat. After the formation of a young shoot, it is transplanted into a permanent soil mixture. Recently, fashionable hydrogel and hydroponic cultivation have proven their worth.
Seed propagation is succeeded by more experienced growers, thus the varietal accessories of Japanese Fatsia were obtained, as a possibility of genetic modification. Vegetative propagation forms (cuttings and layering) always repeat exactly the mother plant without color variation.
Dangerous pests. Mealybug, Jose scale, and the most frequent – spider mite and whitefly. Control measures are carried out using insecticidal preparations according to the instructions. Gray rot settles in sour waterlogged soil, causing great harm to the plant and requiring immediate intervention.
Thus, if you really approach the issue of accommodation and cultivation of Japanese Fatsia, then you can permanently settle an oriental evergreen beauty and the opportunity to admire it yourself and surprise guests with the immeasurable beauty and grace of a rather unpretentious plant.