Ficus Benjaminaa is a very common plant. Many species with a varied shape and color of leaf are deservedly popular with indoor plant lovers. In natural conditions, in which it grows up to twenty-five meters high, it can be found in China, Australia, and India. With good care in room conditions, it can reach four meters.
This graceful plant is a tree or shrub with a gray tinge bark, dense branches covered with elongated, small leaves. Their shape and color are very diverse. They can be monochromatic and variegated, have a border and separate spots, straight and wavy, swirling.
The fruit of the tree is oval or round, with an orange or burgundy color, inedible.
Choosing a landing site
Before starting Ficus Benjamina, prepare a permanent growth site for it. This is a rather finicky plant and does not tolerate frequent changes of location. A well-lit and warm room with no drafts and high humidity is suitable for ficus, but at the same time it is sufficiently ventilated.
If the air is dry, then daily spraying is indicated, and several times a month – a shower.
It should be carried out in a well-heated bathroom, where after the procedure you need to leave the plant until it dries completely. Only then can it be carried to its place.
With the correct conduct of water procedures, you will not subsequently have a question why Ficus Benjamina sheds leaves. This is precisely due to hypothermia.
For propagation of ficus, the grafting method is used. The most favorable period for this is spring – early summer. To do this, you need to cut off the upper lignified shoots, leave only a few sheets on them and put them in a container with water to form roots. You can root cut stems in wet sand. Plants that have given roots are transplanted into permanent pots, covered with a jar or film. As soon as the growth of young ficuses begins, the shelter can be removed.
You need to know that if you bought Ficus Benjamina, you will need to care for it thoroughly.
You need to constantly monitor the condition of the soil. The soil should not be poured, but at the same time it should not be allowed to dry out. Watering should be divided several times to evenly shed a clod of earth. All excess liquid formed in the sump must be drained. Water the plant with warm purified water.
It would be more correct to purchase ready-made fertilizers for ficuses. They are used in spring and summer, alternating between mineral and organic. In winter, the plants are dormant, and feeding is not recommended. Fertilizer concentrates must be diluted carefully following the recommendations of the attached instructions. Since ficuses are rather capricious plants that react to any discrepancies in caring for them.
The first three years should be transplanted annually. In the future, this is done as needed. It is necessary to transplant Ficus Benjamina during the spring period. To do this, you need to shed the plant well and remove it from the container. After removing the topsoil, place the plant, along with the remaining earthy clod, in a previously prepared new pot.
Ficus belongs to plants that lend themselves well to the formation of various forms of crown and trunk. Pinching and pruning is done in the spring. They provoke the development of buds and new shoots. After carrying out the manipulations, the sections should be processed with charcoal wood powder.
About diseases, pests and ways to eliminate them
Any disease of Ficus Benjamina is provoked by improper care of the plant. Many reasons affect his condition:
- Incorrect room illumination. Lack of light leads to the fact that the crown begins to turn yellow, and then dry out completely. The appearance of sunburn is indicated by brown spots on the leaves. Plants are best placed on windows on the east side;
- Temperature drops and the presence of drafts will provoke crown falling;
- Dry air also has a detrimental effect on the condition of the crown. Do not place it near heating appliances;
- An excess of moisture can lead to rotting of the soil, which will cause stains on the leaves, and in the future, the death of the entire plant is possible;
- Unreasonable, frequent transplants negatively affect the appearance of the plant.
Diseases affecting Ficus Benjamina:
- Powdery mildew, which is a fungal disease. You can recognize it by the white bloom on the leaves. They must be removed immediately, and the remaining crown must be treated with fungicides;
- Cercospora lesions may occur. Dark spots appear on the inside of the leaves. The methods of struggle are similar;
- With anthracnose disease, dark spots affect both the crown and the stem. Treatment is carried out with fungicides;
- The black web appears when infected with a black fungus. You need to remove it and rinse the plant well.
- Mealy worms are white insects on the ground. They are collected with a wet cloth, after which an insecticidal treatment of the entire plant is carried out. You can also use a garlic solution;
- Scabbards are brown insects that live in groups on the trunks and shoots of ficus trees. The fight is carried out in the same way as with mealy worms;
- The appearance of aphids is a frequent occurrence in the spring and summer. It can be protected with soapy water. Onion peels, citrus fruit peels in the form of decoctions are perfect;
- In dry rooms, ficuses are affected by spider mites. The crown becomes covered with yellow spots, and subsequently dries up. The damaged parts are removed, and the rest are treated with insecticides.
With proper planting and compliance with all the rules of care, your ficuses will delight you with a dense crown, a variety of shapes and special grace for a long time.
Types for Ficus Benjamina with photo
Ficus Benjamin has several varieties. For each of them, flower growers distinguish their own characteristics.
This variety is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and compactness. The bush is decorated with dark green leaf plates with wavy edges. Experts recommend that beginners in floriculture choose this particular variety, since it is undemanding to care.
Outwardly, this plant is practically no different from the Exotic variety. It only has a larger dark green foliage (about 60 mm).
This variety is quite popular in indoor culture. At the same time, there are 2 varieties very similar to each other: Monique and Golden Monique, the foliage of which has a golden hue. Compared to the two previous varieties, this plant is more demanding to care for.
This variety is most popular with flower growers. And he fell in love with the motley color of the leaf plates. On the surface of greenish leaves, not very large pale green spots are randomly located. The edges of the plates are even.
The dark green leaf blade has a greenish edging. The length of the leaves is no more than 50 millimeters. This variety requires regular pruning and shaping. Its crown can be given almost any shape.
This variety has the most unique leaf pattern. The plate itself is of a dark green hue, and it is decorated with a relatively wide edging of a pale green color.
This variety is distinguished by its showiness, since its leaf plates are almost completely white. Since the foliage contains a small amount of chlorophyll, the bush needs a lot of light.
Small leaf plates of this plant curl very effectively, due to which it has a rather unusual appearance.