Ficus binnendijkii belongs to the mulberry family and is considered a very popular indoor plant. In the wild, it can be found in Southeast Asia. This species owes its name to Simon Benedict, who first described the culture. Ficus binnendijkii does not require any special conditions and does not require complex care.
This culture looks slightly unusual compared to other ficus. In the wild, binnendijkii’s ficus can reach fifteen meters in height. The narrow leaves are pointed at the ends. The color of the leaves directly depends on the variety of ficus, as well as external conditions. It can be monochromatic or variegated. A clear longitudinal vein stands out on the leaves. It bends the sheet in two as if creating a natural fracture.
Among gardening experts, it is customary to call this species “willow ficus”. However, this is a vernacular name, not an official one.
Ficus binnendijkii is perfect for growers who do not have much experience in growing indoor plants.
This flower does not require complex maintenance. It will grow and delight you with its beauty, adding subtle tropical freshness to the atmosphere of the room, and comfort and novelty to the interior.
In home floriculture, several varieties of ficus binnendijkii are distinguished.
- Ali. This flower has a dark brown trunk with light patches and relatively small size. Unlike wild species, it does not reach more than 2 meters in height.
- Amstel King. This variety is also considered undersized, however, in comparison with the previous one, it has wider leaves (up to 7 centimeters wide).
- Amstel Queen. This variety has many similarities to Amstel King, but has a slightly smaller leaf blade size.
- Amstel Golden. The ficus of this variety has a yellow-green leaf color. Also, a characteristic feature of the variety is its strong dependence on the degree of illumination.
Ficus have small, non-decorative male and female flowers. Sometimes they look more like a kind of growth on the trunk. In a room environment, ficus cannot bloom.
Growing & Care at Home
To transplant this plant, you need to choose a pot that will slightly exceed the previous container in size. Ficus must be very carefully removed from the pot (for this, you must first wet the earthen lump). After that, you need to move on to separate the roots from the soil. The root system of the flower must be carefully examined. If during the inspection you notice damaged, rotted or dead roots, they must be removed. Then place the ficus in a new pot, add soil and water.
After transplantation, the ficus does not need to be touched for a while. This kind of manipulation plunges the flower into a kind of stress, so it needs time to “calm down”.
Ficus is considered a light-loving culture, which requires bright and diffused light to provide comfortable conditions. Especially high-quality lighting will be appreciated by variegated ficus. Varieties with a solid color of leaves can survive comfortably in dim light.
The optimum temperature for the full development of culture is 22-24 degrees Celsius.
In the cold season, it is recommended to maintain the temperature regime at around 16 degrees Celsius. Sharp jumps in temperature indicators (especially a decrease) have an extremely negative effect on the condition of the plant.
This culture is not very demanding on the humidity of the environment. The optimal indicator of humidity for it is considered to be 50-70%. In the heat, the foliage of the ficus must be periodically sprayed. In addition, it is recommended to regularly humidify the air in the room the plant is in.
As for the soil, you can buy a ready-made mixture.
You can also prepare the soil yourself.
- The first method: combine turf, peat and sand in equal parts.
- The second method: for an adult ficus, it is necessary to mix leaf and sod soil, sand, peat and humus in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1: 1, respectively.
If the soil has a crumbly structure, then binnendijkii’s ficus will need irrigation. The liquid from the pallet must be removed on time.
Topdressing is carried out in the spring, 1 time in 14 days. Fertilizers need to be added to the soil. It is impossible to process ficus leaves with them. Also, experts advise dissolving the nutrients necessary for flowers in water for irrigation, which are sold in specialized stores.
You can give your green pet the volume and appearance you want with your own hands. To do this, you just need to regularly prune excess parts of the branches. Thanks to these simple manipulations, the crown of the plant will be a source of pride for you. If you plant two young flowers in one pot and intertwine their trunks in the course of their growth, then you can end up with an original home flower with a pigtail trunk.
Flower propagation occurs by cuttings. It is better to cook them in the spring during pruning when the crown of the flower is formed. The stalk is rooted in water. In this case, it is necessary to pay special attention to the illumination of the room. It is important to keep the room warm and add water as it evaporates.
The root can appear in 10-14 days. The ficus is planted in a permanent place when the root reaches at least 2 centimeters. Planting should be carried out in nutrient soil, which must be steamed in advance.
This manipulation should be carried out in any case. If this stage is neglected, then the seedling may not take root.
Ficus binnendijkii is considered to be relatively resistant to a variety of diseases. Pathogens and insects rarely settle on the culture. If you take care of your pet “pet”, you do everything right, then you will be able to reduce the risk of developing any disease to a minimum.
Basic rules for preventive care of ficus:
- do not allow waterlogging of the soil;
- remove attention to the lighting and humidity of the environment;
- do not disturb the plant with frequent movement in unfavorable conditions (in such situations, the flower is stressed, which negatively affects its development).
If any of these principles are violated, the plant can become sick. You can determine this by the presence of obvious signs.
- The leaves began to turn yellow and wither – the optimal lighting regime was violated.
- The leaves turn black and die off – most likely, the ficus is regularly exposed to sudden changes in temperature.
- Dark spots appeared on the seamy surface of the leaves – this is a fungus. Usually, it manifests itself with a red bloom on the trunk. If you do not notice and take action in time, the plant will die.
Now it’s worth figuring out what pests can settle on binnendijkii’s ficus.
- The mealybug is whitish in color. It usually parasitizes on the branches and base of leaves. If the flower is watered, then whitish lumps will appear on the ground – this is a clear sign of the presence of a mealybug.
- The spider mite appears as a light spider web on the leaves. The ticks themselves are very difficult to see. The flower receives damage from this pest due to the damage to the foliage. The tick is afraid of moisture, so in the fight against it, you first need to carefully treat the ficus with water at room temperature. Only then can any special agent be used to kill the tick, naturally, following the manufacturer’s recommendations.
- The shield is yellow in color. It is a parasite on leaves and stems. It looks like a small bump. The thyroid gland can be removed by hand. Then it will be enough to treat the plant with soapy water, for the preparation of which it is better to use laundry soap.
- Aphids settle next to the peduncle.
If you see signs of pests on your home plant, then you should carefully remove them from the surface with a damp sponge and sprinkle the leaves with warm water. Sometimes a complete soil replacement is required to effectively control pests.
Ficus is not only a part of the interior. Experienced flower growers know that he has a lot of valuable qualities. Often this plant is used in folk medicine in the treatment of oncology, joint diseases, gynecological problems, and hematomas. Frozen ficus is used to treat hemorrhoids. The flower leaves are an excellent base for alcohol-based medicines, which are used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity.