Gloriosa

Gloriosa

The beautifully flowering plant of gloriosa (Gloriosa) with climbing stems is part of the Liliaceae family. Under natural conditions, such a liana can have a length of about 200 cm. In indoor conditions, this perennial plant has an average growth rate, while the maximum length of its stems is slightly more than 100 cm. The foliage grows during the season. In winter, there is a dormant period.

Gloriosa bloom begins in mid-July and ends in mid-October. Spectacular scalloped flowers have an unusual shape, their petals are bent back. This liana comes from Africa, and it is found exclusively in tropical latitudes. In nature, this plant can also be found in India. It is also very widespread in Australia, where it is considered a weed that suppresses beneficial plants.

Brief description of cultivation

Tropical liana gloriosa is able to grow normally indoors only if favorable conditions are created for it as close as possible to natural ones:

  1. Temperature. In the warm season, not lower than 20 degrees, and in the winter months – not higher than 15 degrees.
  2. Air humidity. The humidity level should be high (at least 65 percent).
  3. Illumination. The light should be bright but diffused. An eastern or western window sill is ideal for a vine.
  4. Watering. In winter, watering is not carried out. In the summer months, the soil mixture in the pot is moistened abundantly, and in the fall, watering should be scarce and rare.
  5. Substrate. Ready-made universal flower soil mixture is suitable. To prepare it, you need to combine peat, sod and leafy soil, taken in equal proportions.
  6. Fertilizer. Top dressing is carried out during the flowering period twice a month. For this, an aqueous solution of mineral fertilizer is used.
  7. Transplant. Young tubers are planted every year in spring.
  8. Reproduction. Tubers and seed method.
  9. Rest period. During the winter time.
  10. Features of care. Be sure to install a support during transplanting a bush, along which its shoots will climb. If you install the support later, it can lead to breakage of shoots or injury to the tuber.

Gloriosa care at home

Gloriosa

Temperature

This plant is thermophilic. In order to ensure its normal development, you need to try to adhere to the recommended temperature regime. In summer, the optimum air temperature is from 23 to 25 degrees. From the beginning of September, they begin to gradually decrease the temperature. In winter, the room where the vine is located should be no higher than 14 degrees. The plant reacts extremely negatively to sudden changes in temperature, this can cause its death.

During warmer months, gloriosa can be transferred to the balcony. In this case, a place is chosen for it that has reliable protection from the wind.

Air humidity

Such an indoor culture needs high humidity (the optimal level is from 55 to 70 percent). If the air is excessively dry, it can cause a lack of bloom.

Florists use various methods to increase air humidity. The bush can be regularly sprayed with a spray bottle, but only if there are no flowers on it. During the flowering period, an open vessel with water is placed near the liana, or the pot is placed on a deep tray with wet pebbles, or a household air humidifier is used.

Illumination

In order for the bush to grow normally and bloom effectively, it needs to provide a large amount of bright diffused light. The best option for placing vines is a western or eastern window sill. It is impossible to put gloriosa on the north window since it is excessively dark there. At the same time, the southern window sill is also not suitable for such a flower, since the direct rays of the sun can leave burns on the foliage.

Watering

This tropical vine is distinguished by its moisture-loving nature. However, moisture stagnation in the substrate should not be allowed, as this can destroy the bush. The plant is not afraid of a short drought. However, if the soil mixture has dried 1/3 deep, then it is urgent to moisten it. To make gloriosa feel comfortable, water it on time and in moderation. In the summer, this plant has intensive development and flowering, so watering during this period should be more abundant and frequent. In the autumn months, the room becomes cooler, so the frequency and abundance of watering is gradually reduced. When the vine is dormant in winter, it is not watered.

Well-settled, slightly warm water is suitable for moistening the substrate in the pot. Watering is recommended early in the morning or in the evening. This contributes to longer moisture retention.

Pot selection

To choose a pot for planting gloriosa, you must take into account the size and characteristics of the bush. If the plant is planted in an overly spacious pot, then you will not wait for flowering from it. After separating young nodules from the parent tuber, they are planted in a container that should not be more than 15 centimeters across.

When choosing the width of the flowerpot, the size of the planting material should be taken into account, while its height depends both on the size of the tuber and on the thickness of the drainage layer.

Substrate

For growing gloriosa, choose a fertile neutral soil mixture that allows air to pass through well. To prepare the substrate with your own hands, combine the turf and leafy soil with peat (1: 1: 1).

Also, for such a plant, a purchased ready-made soil mixture for flowering crops is suitable. To increase looseness, a small amount of brick chips, vermiculite or foam balls is placed in any soil mixture.

Fertilizer

Tropical liana is fed only during flowering, this allows to increase its duration. Also, thanks to timely feeding, it will be possible to achieve more lush flowering, while the color of the flowers will be brighter. The bush is fed regularly twice a month after evening watering. After that, it is shaded for 24 hours.

For feeding, a universal mineral fertilizer with a high content of potassium and phosphorus is used. The nutrient mixture is diluted twice with water. In the autumn-winter period, fertilizers are not applied to the substrate.

Gloriosa transplant

The liana is transplanted annually in the spring. A thick drainage layer is made at the bottom of the container, which is sprinkled with soil mixture. Young nodules are very fragile. After they are separated from the parent bush, they are carefully planted in a pot without being divided into parts. Place the nodules horizontally in the container.

During planting, make sure that the upper fragment of the nodule rises above the surface of the substrate by 2.5 centimeters. Next, install the support, after which the planting needs to be watered. Then wait until the liquid is completely absorbed and the substrate settles a little. After that, you need to add a small amount of the substrate to the pot.

The planted gloriosa is kept in the shade for 1 week. After 15 days after planting, start regular feeding.

Pruning

Pruning is not required for this vine. It does not enhance the branching of the bush and, moreover, has a negative effect on flowering. The fact is that the formation of flowers occurs in the upper part of the stems. And if you cut off the tops of the shoots, it will take a very long time for the bush to recover and be able to bloom.

Bloom

Indoor gloriosa is distinguished by spectacular and unusual flowers. First, long (about 20 centimeters) peduncles appear, on which drooping single flowers are formed. In diameter, they can reach about 15 centimeters. The petals have a scalloped surface, while their color is most often two-colored. During the entire time of flowering, the color of the petals may change.

Some species of gloriosa differ in that their petals are bent upward. Up to 7 flowers can form on the stem at the same time, and they open in turn. This culture blooms in the summer. When the bush fades, in place of the flowers, fruits are formed, which are in the form of a box, inside which there are seeds.

Dormant period

The bright and rather long flowering of the vine leads to its exhaustion and severe fatigue. That is why gloriasis must necessarily provide a dormant period, especially since a tired plant begins to throw off its foliage. The stems without leaves begin to dry out. The tuberous root does not die, and with the onset of the spring period, it gives rise to young shoots. Some growers, after flying around the foliage, leave the tuber in a pot, while placing it in a dry, shaded place, where it will stay until the beginning of March. Then it is transplanted into a fresh substrate. The most suitable temperature for wintering is about 15 degrees.

Other growers recommend, after the shoots have dried, to pull the tuber out of the substrate. It is placed in a paper package and covered with peat or sand from all sides. The optimum air temperature for storage is 13 degrees. In the first days of March, the tuber is planted in a new soil mixture. In this case, young shoots will have to wait longer than when transplanting a tuber that has wintered in a pot.

Please note that a similar period of dormancy must be provided for the bush in the second year of life. During the first year of growth, the young plant does not dry out with the onset of the cold season. At the same time, for the winter, it is transferred in a pot to a place where it is always cool.

Support

Gloriosa needs support, like all vines. It ensures the correct development of the bush and the preservation of a spectacular appearance. There are antennae at the tips of the upper leaf plates. They are necessary for the plant to catch on to the support, which prevents damage to fragile flowers and thin stems.

The antennae are completely absent in the lower part of the stems. In this regard, for installation, it is recommended to choose a support in the form of a ladder with thin crossbars, or bamboo sticks, or a tightly stretched fishing line (rope), or a net. It is important to take into account the fact that gloriosa’s antennae are rather short, so they can only cling to thin support. The installation of the support is carried out very carefully since thin shoots can be easily injured.

Reproduction methods

Growing from seeds

Indoor gloriasis can be grown from seeds. However, this process is quite lengthy and often does not meet the expectations of the grower. Seed germination is rather low, while the seedlings that have appeared are characterized by extremely slow development. When the seeds remain 24 hours before sowing, they are immersed in a solution of a growth stimulating agent.

The seeds are sown into the substrate to a depth of 0.5 mm. From above, the crops are covered with glass or film and transferred to a warm place (about 23 degrees). Provide daily ventilation and watering for crops. The first seedlings should appear in about 4 weeks. Their pick is carried out only after they get stronger and they have formed two pairs of true leaf plates.

A bush that has grown from seeds begins to bloom in about 2 years. However, he is not able to preserve the varietal properties of the parent bush.

Reproduction of gloriosa tubers

The most efficient and easy reproduction of this tropical liana with tubers. From the adult parent bush, you need to carefully separate the small fragile nodules. Then they are planted in separate containers filled with a loose substrate. Make sure that the growth point is pointing up when planting.

Upon completion of the landing, the support is installed. Until the shoots appear, the tuber is not watered, but at the same time it is provided with lower heating. When the first shoots appear, they begin to regularly moisten the soil mixture in the pot. When the bush grows up, it is transplanted into a larger pot.

Possible problems

If you do not provide proper care for room gloriasis, then various problems can arise with it. For example:

  1. Rot has appeared on the bulb. Liquid stagnates regularly in the substrate. Cut out the affected areas and apply a fungicide treatment. Powder the place of the cut with chopped charcoal. If the problem is observed in winter, then the tuber is left to be stored until spring, at other times of the year – they are planted in the substrate.
  2. The foliage became lethargic and wilted. This is due to the development of root rot, which has developed due to waterlogging.
  3. Lack of flowering. An overly large pot, poor lighting, or injury to the tuber if the storage rules are not followed. Transplant the bush into a suitable container, or transfer it to a more illuminated place, or treat the tuber with aloe juice (or chopped charcoal), let it dry and plant it again.
  4. Faded foliage. Lack of light.
  5. The leaf plates turned dark. Due to a draft or a sharp change in temperature. A place suitable for the vine must be protected from the wind.
  6. Slow growth of the bush. A sharp drop in temperature.
  7. Yellowing of foliage. The air in the room is too dry.
  8. Whitish bloom on foliage. Due to watering with hard water, it must be well settled. Periodically add 3 drops of lemon juice or 0.2 grams of citric acid to 1 liter of water for irrigation.
  9. Pests. Most often, scabies, spider mites, and aphids settle on gloriasis. The plant is given a warm shower and then treated with insecticidal preparation.

Types of gloriosa with a photo

There are several types of gloriosa in nature. However, only 1 species and its varieties are grown in room culture.

Gloriosa is luxurious, or magnificent

Gloriosa luxurious, or magnificent (Gloriosa superba) – this particular variety is common in culture. The thin stems of the lianas can be about 2 meters long. The greenish foliage with a pointed top has a glossy surface, their width is about 3 cm, and their length is up to 10 cm. The formation of flowers occurs in the leaf axils. Their scalloped petals are about 8 centimeters long, as well as an unusual color: their outer surface is pinkish salmon, and the inner one is golden at the bottom and scarlet at the top. Flowering lasts the entire summer period.

The best varieties:

Gloriosa luxurious yellow (Gloriosa lutea)

Gloriosa luxurious yellow

The length of the shoots is about 90 cm. Flowers are rich lemon shade.

Gloriosa Carsonii

Gloriosa Carsoni

The undersized bush is decorated with flowers of a double color: the petals are brown-purple with a golden border.

Gloriosa Greenii

Gloriosa Luxurious Grena

The length of perfectly smooth bright yellow petals is about 8.5 cm. The shape of the flowers is similar to a lantern, as the petals are curled outward.

Rothschild’s Gloriosa (Gloriosa Rothschildiana)

Shoots are more than 2 meters long. The petals of large flowers in the middle are carmine red, and along the edge – bright lemon color.

Gloriosa Modesta (Gloriosa modesta)

Glorioza Modesta

The stems are of medium length and are decorated with rich green foliage. Large drooping flowers have a spectacular yellow color with an unusual orange tint. The petals are glossy.

Beneficial features

Gloriosa is a dangerous plant that contains poisonous substances. All parts of the vine contain the alkaloid colchicine. The minimum dose that can cause fatal poisoning is only 0.006 grams. However, gloriasis is widespread in traditional and folk medicine.

Colchicine contributes to blurred vision and kidney damage. However, if you choose the dosage correctly and combine the alkaloid with the right ingredients, then it will benefit the body, namely: it will reduce the production of uric acid, and also stop cell division. When taken correctly and under the supervision of a specialist, colchicine will relieve the symptoms of gout and will also be an effective means of preventing amyloidosis.

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