Even a novice florist can grow a heptapleurum at room conditions. You just need to have knowledge about the care and maintenance of this plant. All the necessary information will be given in the article.
Heptapleurum will please with its greenery not only lovers of indoor plants but also gardeners. This plant perfectly takes root in greenhouse conditions, in latitudes with a warm and humid climate, suitable for decorating large rooms with high ceilings and offices. Heptapleurum belongs to the genus Araliaceae. This fast-growing evergreen native to tropical Asia can be found in many parts of our planet – where it is warm and sunny enough.
The maximum height of the shrub can reach 6-8 meters. Sometimes it grows as a small tree. The leaves are compound, up to 15 cm in diameter, shiny, have a dark green color. Each leaf has several small leaves – from 7 to 10 pieces, which are arranged in a circle. Flowering outside the natural habitat is rare. The flowers of the plant look like small red tassels. After flowering, orange drupes 6 mm in size are formed.
Varieties and photos
The houseplant has several varieties, the most popular tree species . Below are photos and descriptions of heptapleurum varieties suitable for propagation and care in greenhouses and at home.
This variety is distinguished by bright green leaf color, has a straight, slightly branching trunk up to 2.5 meters high. The predominant habitat is the coast of the Pacific Ocean. What the heptapleurum woody (tree-like) variety looks like can be seen in the photo below:
It differs from its relatives in larger leaf plates that have a gray tint with a silvery sheen.
It has large yellow-green leaves, can grow both in the form of a shrub and in the form of a small tree, reaching up to 2.5 meters in length.
At home, the heptapleurum blooms quite rarely.
In order for the heptapleurum to grow healthy and please the eye, it needs regular care. Next, let’s talk about the basics of growing this plant indoors, its preferences and features.
Watering and humidity
Watering should be plentiful, but stagnation of water in the pot should be avoided. Therefore, you need to water in several approaches, allowing the soil to dry out a little.
Lighting and pot location
Heptapleurum is photophilous, but it is important to protect it from direct sunlight. Otherwise, the leaves will burn and wither. Provide partial shade in the summer heat and a spacious pot. heptapleurum is characterized by rapid growth.
Temperature conditions. With the onset of the hot season, the flower must be provided with a temperature of up to 25 degrees, since it does not tolerate the heat. In winter, the temperature is lowered to 17 degrees.
The natural habitat of this plant is the coastal zone, therefore it is important to maintain a warm indoor climate – not lower than 17 degrees Celsius in winter and about 22-25 degrees in spring and summer.
This is another basic requirement when caring for a heptapleurum. To achieve high humidity, you can spray the air around the flower, and periodically wipe its leaves with a damp sponge.
If the plant does not have enough moisture, the leaves will soon begin to dry and fall off.
To plant a heptapleurum, you will need a large pot or tub. The bottom should be covered with a drainage layer of fine expanded clay. The composition of the soil should consist of leafy soil, peat, humus, turf and river sand in equal proportions.
In the flower shop you can buy ready-made soil for deciduous plants. The soil should be thoroughly loosened and moistened before planting.
Heptapleurum grows fast enough, and therefore it needs an annual transplant. The procedure should be carried out in the spring. If the plant has reached a large size and transplantation is not possible, the top layer of the earth should be replaced with a new one.
Due to the ability of the heptapleurum to grow rapidly, it should be trimmed regularly. Pruning is best done in the spring. If it is planned to grow a green pet in the form of a tree, care should be taken in advance to create strong support.
- Reduce watering by 2 times in comparison with the period of active growth;
- Reduce the temperature in the room to +17 degrees;
- Stop feeding.
Heptapleurum is accustomed to moist air, so even during hibernation it should be sprayed 2 times a week and wipe the leaves with a soft cloth.
Both mineral and organic fertilizers are suitable for feeding the heptapleurum.
Fertilizers should be applied to the soil during the period of active growth – in spring and summer. It will be enough 1 time in 2 weeks. You can buy fertilizers in ready-made form.
You can get a new plant using cuttings or seeds. Let’s talk about how to do this correctly.
With this method of reproduction, it is enough to cut the stem cuttings from the top of the plant and plant them in a prepared soil. The soil mixture should consist of river sand and peat in equal proportions.
It is best to place the planted plants in a greenhouse to provide enough heat and moisture for early rooting.
Growing from seed
Seeds for planting are usually taken ready-made because the plant blooms extremely rarely. They should be planted in warm and loose soil. The room temperature and air humidity should be high.
Young sprouts will need to be planted in separate containers and grown in the same way as adult flowers.
Differences from Shefflera
Heptapleurum is often compared with Shefflera, however, the main difference between these plants is that if the growth point on the main stem is removed from the heptapleurum, a small bush can be formed from it. Schefflera grows exclusively as a small tree. Therefore, if you try to carry out the same procedure with a Schefflera, the plant will die. In addition, the leaves of the heptapleurum have an aroma similar to that of geraniums. Schefflera leaves do not smell.
Diseases and pests
It is noteworthy that various diseases and pests rarely attack the heptapleurum. This happens only in case of improper care of the plant – with too frequent watering or insufficient air humidity in the apartment.
The most well-known pests that can cause harm are:
- Spider mite;
It is not difficult to fight pests – it is enough to treat the plant with the Aktara insecticide, diluted according to the instructions.
In other diseases, characteristic signs will be visible by which it will be possible to identify the cause of illiterate content. For example, yellowing foliage will indicate a lack of water in the soil and low air humidity.
So, in order for the heptapleurum to please with its beauty, it is important to take good care of it and follow all the rules for caring for it at home. Then the flower contributes to a pleasant microclimate in the place where it grows. It will save its owner and his loved ones from negativity, improve his financial situation, and even help predict future events. The plant will be able to green not only any room but also a garden, a greenhouse, a summer cottage if it grows in its usual conditions.