Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is also often referred to as the Chinese rose. According to various estimates, the plant includes 200-250 species, and many varieties have also been bred. Hibiscus is not only grown at home, it is also a very common office plant.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis are slightly thicker than a sheet of paper, reach a length of up to 10 centimeters, have a green color, however, depending on the species, the leaves may have white veins, or be gradient. In leaves with gradient color, the color changes smoothly, as a rule, darker tones of green turn into lighter ones.
Description of hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flowers, like rose flowers, are difficult to describe in words. They are large, their diameter is sometimes 15 centimeters, the color of the flower is also different, one flower can be a rich, scarlet color, the other, in turn, will have a soft, pink color. The hibiscus bush is not large in size, fits perfectly on the windowsill or on the table.
Hibiscus will live for a long time, on average, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis bushes live 25-30 years. Since the bush is easy to form, many decorative compositions are created with the participation of hibiscus. Photos clearly demonstrate both large compositions and beautiful, single hibiscus plants. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is very often grown in gardens, garden hibiscus has many features.
In addition to the same, bright flowering, garden hibiscus (species – Hibiscus rosa-sinensis sabdariffa) is the main component in the preparation of tea. Hibiscus is a sweetish tea that has a bright red color, it is hibiscus that is prepared from Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Tea turns out to be a very rich, natural color, its taste is as saturated as the color. Having a bush Hibiscus sabdariffa in your garden, you can easily prepare such tea.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis care at home
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis loves the sun, it is best to grow hibiscus on the southern window or elsewhere with an abundance of sunlight. In general, hibiscus is not afraid of direct sun, but on particularly hot summer days, hibiscus should be shaded. If you provide plenty of lighting, hibiscus can bloom from early spring to mid-to-late fall. The flowering of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is very long, this is an undoubted plus.
Hibiscus is a heat-loving plant. In summer, the air temperature should be in the region of 20-25 degrees Celsius. However, the temperature should not exceed 30 degrees. To minimize the damage from this temperature, it is worth increasing watering and humidity. Dry air combined with high temperatures entails the shedding of hibiscus buds. The temperature in winter should not fall below 12 degrees. At the same time, the temperature regime of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis may not change all year round. If the temperature remains unchanged all year round, then the humidity should also remain constant.
In summer, hibiscus needs abundant watering, watering should be carried out after the topsoil dries (2-3 centimeters). At high temperatures, watering should be more abundant. In winter, watering is reduced. The soil should not dry out, waterlogging of the soil is also not permissible. Do not allow stagnation of water in the pallet of the plant. Water for irrigation should be soft, settled with low chlorine content.
The temperature of the water for irrigation can be any, but of course, you should not water the hibiscus rosa-sinensis with too cold or hot water. In summer, hibiscus also needs spraying, spraying should be carried out at least 1 time in 2 days, it is better to spray every day. In summer, the plant can be taken out into the open air.
It is worth feeding hibiscus from March to August once a week. Mineral fertilizers should be used.