How to Choose a Spray Gun

How to Choose a Spray Gun

Painting surfaces in rooms with a large area or high ceilings can be done using conventional brushes and rollers. However, such a solution is not advisable, since it takes too much time and effort to work. In this situation, it is best to use a spray gun for emulsion paint or any other composition. To determine the choice of spray gun (air brush), it is necessary to study its varieties, characteristics and features.

Operational field of spray guns for paint

Spray guns are common devices used in the construction field (and not only). The range of their application is very wide. With the help of such devices, not only internal, but also external finishing works are performed. There are other areas of active use of water emulsion sprayers.

Manual painting of walls, ceilings, fences and other structures is a laborious process. Spray guns can significantly speed up the work, which determines the demand for them among buyers. The use of this device can reduce the overall paint consumption. This is due to the uniform spraying of the material on the painted surface.

Useful information! Spray guns for painting are actively used in other areas. They are used for applying paint to various land and water vehicles: cars, motorcycles, boats, bicycles, etc. The use of a spray gun makes it possible to apply any type of paint and varnish on wooden, plastic and metal surfaces.

In construction, these devices are used for applying a primer, paint and varnish. And also spray guns are used for restoration of furniture and household electrical appliances. This is easily explained by the fact that these devices allow you to apply a high-quality paint layer that does not contain blurry or untreated areas. A similar procedure, performed at home, is in no way inferior to the factory.

Using spray guns for painting walls and ceilings, antiseptic treatment of residential buildings is also carried out. This procedure is performed from the outside of the buildings. Spray guns are often used to treat plants in the garden. This measure allows you to cope with insect pests.

Such a device can be used for all types of paints, including aqueous emulsion and oil formulations, however, some models still have compatibility restrictions. Using this device, varnish, liquid rubber, and primer are applied. Reliability and practicality of spray guns make them an indispensable device in many operational areas.

The benefits of using spray guns for painting

Many are used to painting various surfaces in the old way, using brushes and rollers. But this method is not convenient, and also does not allow you to quickly complete the work. The quality of the final result is much lower than when using specialized devices with which you can achieve a completely different effect. Paint sprayers have other advantages that you should pay attention to before purchasing the device.

The spray gun independently controls the distribution of paint. Therefore, its layer remains continuous and uniform over the entire gap of the surface. When painting a wall manually, it is almost impossible to achieve such a result, even if the work is performed by a qualified specialist. Such tools can simplify the work, so they have many positive reviews. Spray guns allow you to apply the composition evenly and efficiently.

Among the main advantages of a spray gun
Among the main advantages of a spray gun – high speed and quality of work

Controlled spraying of the composition contributes to its economy. When using a spray gun, the paint consumption is reduced by at least 2 times, which, accordingly, reduces financial costs by a similar figure. The paint material sprayed by means of a spray gun has a smaller thickness and is distributed more evenly. This favors the rapid drying of the composition.

And also it is worth noting another advantage of the spray gun – the ability to paint uncomfortable, embossed surfaces. The roller and brush in this case cannot provide such an effective result.

Airbrush – is most often used in construction. It is used for painting ceilings and walls. The quality of the coating obtained as a result of working with this device is quite high. The layer lies evenly, smudges, drops, stains and other irregularities that stand out against the general background do not form on the wall.

Airbrush: varieties

To date, all devices of this type are classified into groups depending on the complexity of execution and basic technical characteristics. Regardless of what type of device is used to apply the paint composition to the surface, they all allow you to work with water-based paint. There are 3 main varieties of these devices:

  • hand held;
  • electric;
  • pneumatic.
Hand-held spray guns
Hand-held spray guns are easy to use and relatively inexpensive

Useful information! Manual spray guns include a suction hose. The design of this element takes into account the presence of a filter. The spray gun is equipped with a paint tank and a pump, which is necessary for spraying it under a certain pressure.

This type of paint spray gun has a simple but effective design that allows you to perform quality work, and in the shortest possible time. It is worth noting that the performance indicator of a good hand-held device reaches 200 m² / h. As for the price of such models, it varies depending on two criteria: the material of which the body is made, and the number of nozzles.

Sprayers for paint, including an electric drive, are more technological. First of all, this is expressed in the fact that their power can be different. Many users have noted the convenience of using electric sprayers for applying water-based emulsion formulations. The supply of paint is carried out using a special diaphragm, or rather its fluctuations. The cost of electronic models is higher than the price of hand sprayers. This is justified by the increased efficiency of this device.

Pneumatic atomizer can save
Pneumatic atomizer can save you from unnecessary efforts, but it costs a lot of money

Note! When choosing an electric model, one important point must be taken into account: not every type of water-based paint is suitable for devices of this type. In this regard, it is advisable to consult with the seller.

Pneumatic spray guns for painting walls and ceilings operate thanks to a compressor. This element is responsible for the supply of air compressed under pressure, which helps to spray paint. The average productivity of this type of device exceeds 2 times the performance of manual counterparts and is 400 m²h. Such productivity favors the rapid application of paint on any surface.

How to choose a manual spray gun: recommendations

Hand models are great for working with a small area. Using such devices, you can paint, for example, a small kitchen or bedroom. For large rooms, experts recommend purchasing pneumatic guns equipped with a compressor. The application of water-based paint on a wall or ceiling is done mechanically. Thus, despite the availability of this device, you still have to work.

How to choose a manual spray gun
It is very important to consider the weight of the product, because ease of use is paramount

Manual paint spray guns have one advantage over other types of devices: they are able to function for quite some time. Moreover, if the spray gun is broken, then it is easy to repair it. Repair, as a rule, includes the replacement of a part that has failed. Manual budget devices are inexpensive. For example, in the construction market it is quite possible to find models whose price is about 14,40$. In turn, the cost of professional hand-held devices can reach 57,64$. and higher.

The case of these devices is made of metal, which allows to increase their resistance to mechanical stress (shock). The design of the spray tube does not impede its free movement. The performance of such models can reach 150-200 m² / h. A long hose allows you to make the painting process as convenient as possible for the master, as it eliminates the need to install a ladder or other support for painting a high ceiling. Manual spray guns for aqueous emulsion ink have proven themselves in work. They are most often purchased for independent painting of walls and ceilings.

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There are some rules for working with this device. For example, experts recommend checking the container into which paint is being loaded for leaks before starting work. To do this, lubricate the cylinder and associated sleeve with machine oil. Next, check the spray gun with water. During operation, it is not necessary to pull the trigger of the device, and a ball valve is provided for adjusting the flow rate of the coloring composition in pistols of this type.

The choice of electric spray gun

Today, there are many companies that produce electric spray guns for water emulsion. Among the variety of brands and models, the most popular devices manufactured by the following companies can be distinguished:

  • Bosh;
  • Wagner;
  • Hammer
  • Zubr.

Note! If a water-based emulsion paint acts as a sprayed substance, then the size of the nozzle plays a big role not in the type of appliance or brand. This is due to the fact that the density of the composition may be different. This indicator affects the consumption of water-based paint and the final result.

It is recommended to breed paint, guided by the instruction, which in most cases is attached to it. The pressure injected inside the electric spray is the determining factor that affects the painting process.

The cost of electro-spray is directly dependent on the pressure indicator. Therefore, before purchasing such a device, it is recommended to consider this criterion. Devices produced by popular companies cost at least 86,46$. It is important to remember that not every electronic device is suitable for working with a water emulsion. Electric paint guns operate from a 220 V network. The process of applying the composition to a wall or any other surface can be done in two ways:

  • by air;
  • airless.

Airless sprayers. One of the varieties of electric spray guns. Reviews about these devices are mostly positive. However, they have some features that you need to pay attention to before purchasing a tool.

In this case, the painting technology is as follows: the coloring composition is poured into the tank and from it (with the help of a pump) enters the nozzle under high pressure. This technology eliminates the presence of compressed air, so fog does not form during operation. This is a big plus, as it allows the most economical and efficient use of paint, which will not be sprayed into the surrounding space. The price of this type of spray gun is higher than for airborne counterparts.

The disadvantage of airless painting is the inability to process products of complex design, because paint will stain the structure unevenly
The disadvantage of airless painting is the inability to process products of complex design, because paint will stain the structure unevenly

However, there is a drawback to the airless method of applying water-based compositions. It consists in the fact that the surface after painting acquires granularity, becomes rough to the touch, like shagreen leather. It is precisely because of this that airless spray guns are most often used for outdoor applications where the result is not so noticeable. Spray guns for facade paint are used for painting the following structures:

  • fences;
  • the veranda;
  • garages;
  • farm buildings.

For painting surfaces that have a more complex shape and texture, as a rule, such devices are not used. For such work, models are used that can provide “soft” painting. Airless spray guns are compact and versatile. The volume of the tank in such devices ranges from 0.8 to 1 liter, but there are exceptions.

Air sprayers. The difference between these devices from the first lies in the method of supplying paint, which uses compressed air. Electric paint sprayers include a special compressor in their design. This item can be of two types:

  • integrated;
  • remote.

Instruments equipped with an external compressor are less mobile. But users note that they are more convenient to use than devices with an integrated spare part. This is due to reduced vibration during operation of this type of paint spray gun.

Remote Compressor Devices
Devices with an external compressor are more expensive, but they are more convenient in operation

Consider in which cases, experts recommend using an air gun. First of all, such a device will be more convenient if you need to paint a small area. When using paint with a liquid consistency, it is also better to purchase an electric spray gun for painting with a compressor. And also these models are recommended in those situations when the work involves frequent changes in shades.

Note! The main disadvantage of devices spraying paint with compressed air is the high consumption of the substance used. This is due to the fact that in the process a cloud is formed, consisting of particles of paint.

Sprayers belonging to the electrical group are recommended when lime is used as a finishing material. Spray guns for whitewashing lime are most often used by specialized workers involved in the repair of various institutions.

How to choose a pneumatic spray gun?

Pneumatic spray guns are the most effective. The use of such a device allows you to paint a large area in minimal time. They can be used to work not only with water-based paint, but also with other compounds. Specialists focus on the fact that a professional device is capable of painting up to 400 m² / h.

How to choose a pneumatic spray gun? Pneumatic paint guns have a compressor that compresses air under high pressure. Then this air is mixed with paint. The power of the device may be different. The speed and quality of work depend on this indicator. For non-professionals, less powerful devices are suitable. Reduced pressure also allows you to expand the list of materials that will be compatible with the pneumatic device.

As for economy, these devices can reduce the consumption of expended ink. The special design of the pneumatic models eliminates the dispersion of the composition into the air. Before you buy a pneumatic spray gun, it is recommended to take into account the area of ​​painting. Such devices are great for both external and internal wall decoration.

The quality of work in this case depends on the professionalism of the master, as well as the viscosity of the colorful material. If all the rules are followed, there will be no smudges on the surface. The finish coating made by such a device is of high quality. For independent work at home, it is still recommended to use less professional equipment.

pneumatic spray gun
Before moving on to choosing a pneumatic spray gun, you need to know which compressor and its characteristics are needed

Bosch spray guns: characteristics and price

All electrical appliances manufactured by the German company Bosch are famous for their high quality. It is important to note that sprayers from this manufacturer include a minimum number of plastic parts, which increases their resistance to mechanical stress.

Air consumption during operation of Bosch spray guns is on average about 40 l / min. The nozzle in sprayers from the Bosch brand is located in front of the device. Separately, it is worth noting that the dimensions of the various models produced by this company can vary greatly. If desired, you can purchase both compact and larger devices. The mass of sprayers of this type averages 800 g. In addition to water-based emulsion formulations, such models are also capable of working with other types of coloring materials.

Useful information! Bosch electric spray guns are designed to use paints with different viscosity coefficients. However, the compatibility of different devices may vary, so it is recommended that you consult with sellers in advance what types of paint are suitable for a particular device.

Some sprayer models may have a digital pressure gauge. You can buy a spray gun from the Bosch company on average for 43-50$. Consider the most popular models of this manufacturer among buyers.

Bosch PFS 65. This spray gun is classified as professional. Such a model functions thanks to pneumatics, so using it you can paint a large area. The nozzle cross section is 1.3 mm, and the air flow rate does not exceed 10 l / min. The weight of PFS 65 is only 0.7 kg. This model is very compact, therefore it is simple and convenient to work with it, in some respects it is better than an electric device. Reviews of the owners of the airbrush in this series are mostly positive.

The diameter of the duct on the handle is 1.4 mm. Many people who have used this device at least once say that it has a very convenient regulator. In order to understand how this device is operated, it is recommended to study the instructions that are attached to it. The cost of this device is slightly higher than the price of Bosch electric spray guns, but this is due to the specifics of the work and many advantages. You can buy this sprayer for about 50$.

Bosch PFS 70. This model, manufactured by a German company, differs from others in that it has a rigid nozzle, which is located below the central channel. This design allows you to improve the efficiency of the device during operation. The air flow rate of the PFS 70 is 30 l / min. To measure the air pressure in this device there is a manometer. Separately, it is worth mentioning that the supply of a water emulsion is carried out through the regulation of the lever. The cost of this type of sprayer is approximately 53$.

Bosch spray guns
The portable Bosch PFS65 spray gun has a versatile, mobile design that allows for four-step adjustment of paint consumption

Wagner spray guns : the best air and airless models

The Wagner company is engaged in the production of various painting equipment. Among the manufactured goods, a large percentage is given to spray guns. The devices of this brand constantly occupy leading positions in sales. The most popular Wagner electric spray guns:

  • WAGNER W867E All-Spray (air);
  • WAGNER ProjectPro 119 (Airless).
Wagner spray guns
The essence of the method of supplying paint in air spray guns is the ejection of material under compressed air pressure

The first device is air type and is versatile. It is used by many professionals and allows you to paint not only internal but also external surfaces. The main advantage of this model is its high power rating, which is 870 watts. This allows you to carry out large volumes of work in a short period of time. Using such a device, it is possible to treat an area of ​​180 m² in one hour. The price of an electric spray gun Wagner is about 288$.

Note! This device implements the ability to independently control the intensity of the supply of paint and varnish material. Thus, the thickness of the final layer can be different and depends on the choice of the master.

W867E All-Spray is used to work with various formulations. This model is suitable for paints based on alcohol, water, as well as soil materials. Another advantage of such a device is its efficiency.

Wagner ProjectPro 119 Airless Spray Gun with Remote Compressor
Wagner ProjectPro 119 Airless Spray Gun with Remote Compressor

Users note that the device gently sprays paint, and also practically does not spray it into the surrounding space. A similar tool is one of the best electric spray guns to date. Separately, it should be said that such a device is equipped with a Click & Paint system, which contributes to instant color change at the request of the wizard. This appliance comes with two tanks for paints and varnishes. One of them is used for varnish and has a volume of 0.6 l, and the second is used for paint (1.3 l). Of the shortcomings of this model manufactured by Wagner, only high cost can be noted.

The second device is an electric spray gun Wagner ProjectPro 119. This model paints the walls using an airless method of supplying materials. The device has a very high performance due to its power. Such an apparatus is designed to work not only with water-based, but also with other paints. It is important to remember that it is compatible with materials that do not have abrasive particles.

Among the advantages of this model, one can note its mobility due to the presence of a stand on wheels, as well as a wide range of action. A long hose helps paint high walls and ceilings. Such an apparatus belongs to the category of professional, therefore it is most often used during large-scale repair work. When using this model on your own, it is recommended that you carefully study the instructions that describe in detail how to use the spray gun.

disadvantage of all air spray guns
The disadvantage of all air spray guns is increased fog formation, and, as a result, increased material consumption

It is suitable for home use, but its use in this case is impractical, especially when you consider how much such a device costs. The price of this device is 793$.

Spray Hammer PRZ 350 : a tool reviews

Such a device is an excellent option for use at home. Using it, you can paint the walls and ceilings, as well as other structures. The Hammer tool operates from a conventional network, the voltage of which is 220 V. The power consumption of this atomizer is 350 watts.

Separately, it should be said that the fluid flow rate of the PRZ350 is 0.7 l / min. High performance allows you to paint a large area. The advantage of this device is also that it can be used by both professionals and people who previously did not have experience with such a tool. However, before using this model, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with how to breed paint for a spray gun. The viscosity coefficient is a necessary factor that affects the productivity of the device and the quality of the work performed. It must not exceed 60 DIN.

The volume of the cylinder into which the water-based paint or any other paintwork material is poured is 0.8 liters in this case. If desired, you can choose the nozzle necessary for work. Included with this tool are 2 nozzles having diameters of 1.8 and 2.6 mm.

Spray Hammer PRZ 350
German Hammer painting tools in a huge range

Useful information! It is worth noting that devices of this type are often used as spray guns for metal paint.

This device is notable for its cost-effectiveness, since the spraying of the used composition into the environment is minimized. And also this unit includes an air intake filter in its design. Such an element performs a protective function, preventing the penetration of dust into the cylinder. Before starting to use the PRZ350, experts recommend that you carefully read the instructions that come with it in the kit.

Spray guns Devilbis: prices and specifications

DeVilbiss paint sprayers are manufactured by a British company that is distinguished by the quality of its products. One of the latest developments of this brand is the GTI Pro Lite model. The mass of this device is only 446 g, which makes it compact and versatile. Using this tool, you can perform long-term paint operations.

Such a spray gun has several nozzles. The device is designed to work with ordinary paints as well as with finishing varnishes. And also such a spray is used for acrylic compositions, which, of course, is an advantage.

Spray guns Devilbis
Super lightweight DeVilbiss GTi PRo Lite spray gun designed for long-lasting, high-performance work

The spray gun for painting the house and other structures GTI Pro Lite is equipped with three nozzles, which have the following diameters:

  • 1.2 mm;
  • 1.3 mm;
  • 1.4 mm.

The painting process itself is carried out using one of three air heads: HV 30, TE 10, TE 20. The first of them can be attributed to the low pressure group. The speed of applying the paint itself is quite small, so such a head is not recommended for applying varnish. The nozzle is suitable for organizing the base layer of paint with an airbrush. The compressor for this device has a small power indicator.

The TE 10 air cap is the most versatile and operates at medium pressure. Suitable for working with basic compounds, and for applying varnish. Air consumption in this case is about 270 l / min. In turn, TE 20, although it relates to medium pressure devices, but has a higher performance. Thus, the speed increases. The amount of air consumed is 360 l / min. Such a spray gun is used for acrylic paint and varnish.

The spray gun uses the unique
The spray gun uses the unique and effective spray technology Devilbiss Trans-Tech

The design of the GTI Pro Lite, despite its light weight, is quite durable. The casing is made of anodized aluminum material. Therefore, the operational life of this device is quite large, and the spray gun itself is characterized by good resistance to mechanical stress. The advantages of this spray gun include easy control and adjustment. The cost of the device on average is 260-288$.

It is also worth mentioning that in this series there is another spray gun – Pro Lite E. This unit is used to organize the finishing finish in production. In this case, glaze and enamel are used as the material.

each finished Devilbiss spray gun passes double manual control in production
Each finished Devilbiss spray gun passes double manual control in production

There are other popular models of devices that are used mainly in the conditions of repair. For example, one of the most popular spray gun options produced by this brand is the GTI Pro spray gun. The device is universal and suitable for all types of paint. An electric spray gun of this type does not require special care and special knowledge when using.

Useful information! The weight of the tool is also quite small – only 585 g. Therefore, it can be used for a long time without fear that your hands will get tired.

The complete set of this model, as in the previous case, includes 3 nozzles. The unit is perfect for painting walls and ceilings. You can buy a spray gun of this type for 230-288$.

There are other devices that are manufactured by Develbis. The most popular models that have received approving feedback from users:

  • PRi;
  • Sri;
  • FLG5.

PRi. This model is specific, as it is aimed at working with primers, putty, lime, etc. In the kit, this device comes with one air cap, which operates at average pressure. In addition, the device includes 5 nozzles having different diameters (from 1.4 to 2.5 mm). The volume of air spent per minute is 350 liters. Users note that such a device allows a fairly high quality and quick application of primer materials. You can buy a spray gun for whitewashing lime for 216-230$.

devilbiss FLG 5 airbrush
The Devilbiss FLG 5 airbrush is intended for drawing any materials on an organic basis and is equipped with a universal medium pressure airhead

Sri. This is a miniature tool that includes a small cylinder (125 ml) in its design. Typically used for painting small areas or objects. It is completed with three nozzles: 0,8, 1,2 and 1,4 mm. As for the air heads, there are three of them in this case. Two of them operate at low pressure, and one works at average performance. You can buy a spray gun for painting this type for 230-245$.

FLG 5. This model belongs to the budget type. You can purchase such a device for 112-115$. The unit is used for applying base materials, as well as varnish. It is important to remember that this device is compatible only with paints and varnishes, which include solvent. The air cap in this case is only one, and it belongs to the middle type (in pressure). It is completed with three nozzles: 1.4, 1.8 and 2.0 mm. This device is not suitable for water-based paint.

ZUBR ZKPE 500 airbrush: user reviews

Domestic atomizer model, which is distinguished by the simplicity of design and use. This unit is used for applying paints and varnishes. Often it is used to spray antiseptic compounds. The advantages of this device include its cost-effectiveness, since the paint is consumed evenly, practically without its losses, as well as the quality of the final work. The device applies the composition evenly, eliminating smudges and other surface defects, which are very common when using brushes and rollers.

ZUBR ZKPE 500
The device of domestic production airbrush Zubr 500 is a reliable and multi-functional device for spraying protective coatings, paints and varnishes

To date, there are many models of domestic atomizers ZUBR. The cost of electrical devices varies depending on what painting technology is implemented in them. Prices for these devices vary from 29 to 86$. More budgetary are not very high-quality Chinese tools (for example, Russian Master airbrush). Reviews on Bison devices are mostly positive.

Note! If necessary, during operation, you can adjust the flow rate of the paint material. This option allows the use of formulations that have a different viscosity index. In addition, in the Bison devices, another adjustment option is implemented – changing the shape of the nozzle. This allows you to adjust the nozzle and select one of the painting modes: horizontal, vertical, and for hard-to-reach surfaces.

In the rating of electric spray guns, ZUBR devices occupy leading positions. Ease of use, laconic design, as well as good quality of components affect the usability and operational life of such devices. After painting, the instrument can be easily cleaned.

KPE-500 Zubr airbrush
The KPE-500 Zubr airbrush is made exclusively of Russian components, which leads to its affordable price, ease of repair and maintenance

How to choose a spray gun?

The appearance of the devices used for applying a water emulsion to the walls and ceilings does not stand out among other varieties of spray guns. However, there are still differences. They are explained by some features of the design of the devices. For example, the structure of the air cap in such devices is different from other tools. The design of the channels passing inside the spray gun is also unique.

Structural features of such models are determined by the fact that they are specially designed for water-based paint. Therefore, working with her is very simple. It is well sprayed, does not clog the channels, and the final result is pleasing to the eye. It is important to remember that conventional atomizers are not suitable for a water emulsion, as it has a high drying rate. In order to answer the question of which spray gun is better, it is necessary to focus on some points.

It is very important what material the paint container is made of. Plastic tanks are not considered as reliable and durable as metal ones. In addition, the second is easier to clean. However, plastic containers are lighter and transparent, which makes it possible to determine the level of composition inside them.

choosing the type and model of the sprayer
When choosing the type and model of the sprayer, it is better to give preference to spray guns designed to work with water-based paints

The body of the device must be made of metal with anti-corrosion properties. This will maximize the life of the tool. Before purchasing a spray gun, it is also recommended to pay attention to what it has sealing elements. The effectiveness of painting walls with a spray gun depends on these details. Masters recommend choosing Teflon gaskets, which are the most effective and durable.

For painting surfaces at home, you should not buy expensive models. For these purposes, a budget manual or electric spray gun is suitable.

The main requirements that this tool must meet are:

  • light weight;
  • the presence of the correct center of gravity (for ease of use);
  • resistance to corrosion;
  • equipped with different nozzles.

Which electric spray gun is better – battery or network? Devices that include a battery in their design are more versatile. The autonomy of such devices is a serious advantage, but they have one drawback, which consists in poor performance. Such tools are great for small amounts of work. The volume of the tank in the battery devices does not exceed 1 liter. The battery is enough to last 1-2 hours (depending on model). In turn, network devices can function an unlimited amount of time.

Features of choosing a spray gun for the ceiling

Most spray guns are universal. They can be used both for painting walls and for ceilings. If you need to paint only the ceiling, then you can purchase a device that is most suitable for this purpose. It is important to remember that manual models in this case will not help. You must use the option of electric tools.

Useful information! How to choose an electric spray gun? Experts recommend purchasing models that can pump pressure above 4 atmospheres.

As for manufacturers of electric models, the following brands are most popular among them:

  • Bosch;
  • ZUBR;
  • InterTool;
  • Storm.

Before you buy a spray gun for water-based paint, it is important to understand what power the device has. Not all models are compatible with the emulsion, therefore, before purchasing, you must always consult with the seller about this. For high ceilings, it is advisable to choose tools that have a long hose, otherwise you will have to use a stepladder or other tool.

When using an electric atomizer, the risks of smudges, drops and other defects are minimized. Therefore, it is precisely such devices that are most suitable for painting ceilings. Manual spray guns in this case are not suitable, since they are not characterized by high quality of applying a layer of paint. In addition, they are not able to build up pressure in excess of the standardized figure of 2 atmospheres.

Airbrush for painting walls and ceilings: compressor

This device largely determines how spray painting will be done. Therefore, the selection of a compressor must be taken seriously. When choosing a compression element, it is recommended to pay attention to several main factors, among which 3 main ones can be distinguished:

  • pressure;
  • power;
  • performance.

The auxiliary parameters of this device include its dimensions and weight. They are very important criteria, but do not directly affect the painting process. It is important to remember that the operating pressure of the compressor is not at the same level during application of the spray gun. It varies depending on the nature and duration of use of the device.

In order to answer the question of which is better to buy an electric spray gun for the home, you need to pay attention to the pressure change. Pressure fluctuations must be indicated in the technical passport that comes with the spray gun. In no case should you ignore this item.

Airbrush for painting walls
The disadvantage of built-in compressors is the excess weight of the tool, as well as excessive vibration, which is transmitted to the hands

Compressors for wall painting can have different capacities. Typically, this parameter depends on the power of the device. Performance data is based on a standard temperature of 20 ° C. This is very important, since at different temperatures this indicator can change.

Note! It is advisable to select a compressor with a small margin of performance. For example, HVLP devices need 350 liters of air per minute.

There are other characteristics of compressors that are recommended to pay attention to when choosing a device:

  • voltage;
  • receiver volume;
  • noise level.

Voltage. Before you purchase a compressor, you need to ask how many phases are required for it. Some devices are compatible with three-phase power supply, so in a single-phase network they will not work. To get acquainted with the operation of this device, experts recommend watching a video of paint spraying. You can easily find them on the Internet using the search bar of your browser.

The volume of the receiver. Compressors are shut off from time to time to maintain the desired pressure reading. Then they turn on  and the work continues. The frequency of shutdowns directly depends on how much air the cylinder has. In this case, the following pattern can be traced: the smaller the volume, the more often the compressor switches off.

Noise level. This indicator is not decisive, however, it affects the possibility of convenient use of the device. It is recommended to select not very noisy devices, for this it is necessary to test the unit before purchasing.

compressor for a spray gun
Before you buy a compressor for a spray gun, it should be understood that its performance must meet the minimum requirements of the unit

How to paint with a spray gun : recommendations and algorithm of actions

If you have purchased a manual spray gun, for which the principle of operation is based on the movement of the piston, then you cannot cope alone. It will take a second person who will be responsible for the air supply. It is also important to remember that this action must be performed smoothly, otherwise the application of paint will be uneven.

Many people are interested in the question of how to use a spray gun. In fact, the process looks very simple. It is necessary to hold the device strictly perpendicularly in order to achieve the highest quality result. If the tool is not positioned smoothly, then smudges will appear. During operation, you need to change the position of the nozzle smoothly, without sudden movements. Otherwise, stains form on the treated surface.

Before starting work, it is recommended to make a test stain. This will adjust the spray gun. If you paint the walls, then you need to remember that you need to adhere to a certain distance from the ceiling and floor, so as not to splash their composition. Missed areas are then treated with a brush or roller. Electric spray guns for painting a house are most effective, but they cost more than manual models. The choice of device is based on the volume of future work.

Note! When working with the spray gun, you should not forget about the safety rules. It is worth preparing safety glasses, a respirator and gloves on your hands.

Painting is carried out in a ventilated room, so it is recommended to open the windows in advance. Before starting work, you need to prepare the surfaces that you are about to paint. It is necessary to clean them from wallpaper or any other coatings and eliminate minor defects. For this, sandpaper is most often used. The surface should be as flat as possible. If painting is carried out in several layers, then you must definitely wait for the previous layer to completely dry. Only after that the following is applied.

Be sure to read the instructions that came with the paint. Spray guns for thick or liquid formulations should be compatible with the viscosity index of the substance. Spray paint should not contain lumps, so it is recommended to clean it before use with a filter. Experts advise to perform all actions in accordance with the instructions.

How to dilute paint for a spray gun : tips

In construction, several varieties of paint are used. Each of the compositions differs in its properties. The basis for paint plays a very important role, since it is this parameter that determines the operational sphere of the substance. The following paints are most common:

  • water emulsion;
  • acrylic;
  • oil;
  • alkyd.

The necessary consistency of the composition can be obtained with your own hands. The spray gun should be suitable for the viscosity level. The desired consistency is achieved by adding special solvents. They may be different depending on the type of paint.

How to dilute paint for a spray gun
The quality of work itself largely depends on ensuring the necessary viscosity of the working material.

Note! It is important to remember that a solvent produced by another manufacturer may not be suitable for the coloring composition. In order to eliminate incompatibility, it is recommended to purchase products of one company.

Dilution of paint is carried out clearly according to the instructions. When choosing a solvent, it is advisable to consult with the seller, who will advise which of the compositions is most suitable for a particular paint.

For a water emulsion, ordinary distilled water is most often used. In addition, it can be diluted with alcohol or ether solvents. Drying oil is used for oil paints. In this case, it is advisable to choose a spray gun with a metal cylinder. In order to bring the oil paint to the desired consistency, you can use white alcohol.

As a solvent for enamels, various compositions are used. They can be numbered (for example, No. 645). Also, solvents such as solvent, xylene and gasoline are suitable for this purpose.

If the liquid is sprayed in large drops or does not spray at all, add 5% of the appropriate solvent to the spray gun tank

When choosing a spray gun for an aqueous emulsion, it is first of all necessary to ask whether the device is compatible with such a composition. Further selection of the unit depends on the individual preferences of the master, as well as on the nature of the work and its quantity. If you wish, you can always consult with a specialist who will help you choose the tool that best suits your situation.

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