A properly selected toilet bowl in the house becomes invisible. But make a mistake, and you’ll have to feel the inconvenience daily. How to choose this type of plumbing – we will tell in order.
Sewerage structure in your home
The first thing you need to decide when choosing a toilet is the choice of design for the toilet outlet. And it, in turn, depends on the sewer system to which you plan to connect. If the masters will connect the equipment, then before you go to the store, ask them: the toilet bowls with which outlet will fit into your toilet. There are three types of holes.
Oblique outlet – a pipe for draining water is located at an angle (30-45 degrees). This is a traditional sewage structure in domestic high-rise buildings. It is based on the principle when water drains at an angle. This is a convenient design, it provides more flushing power.
Horizontal outlet – is common in new buildings. When installing the toilet under such a sewage system, it is necessary to move it as close to the wall as possible and connect the cuff to the sewer pipe. A definite plus is the ease of installation of models with horizontal release.
Vertical outlet – can most often be found in a private house with the appropriate sewage system, when the drain goes directly to the floor. These designs produce much less noise. All pipes are hidden in the floor and do not require a reduction in the space behind the toilet.
Types of toilet bowl
Floor toilet bowl
Due to the presence of the barrel takes up more space in the toilet room.
Visually look more massive.
Dirt accumulates in crevices around the floor mount.
Stability with proper installation.
You can find inexpensive models.
No need to consider the bearing capacity of the walls.
You can repair it yourself.
Wall hung toilets bowls – are attached to the wall. The flush system is hidden in the box. As a rule, it is masked by plasterboard sheets and tiles. The main advantage for housewives is the ease of cleaning – the ability to wash the floors under the toilet.
The installation of the bowl itself is preceded by a complex installation installation. There is a myth that wall-hung toilets occupy as much space in a room as classical ones, since the space has already been “eaten up” for installation. But in fact, the installation, as a rule, hides in a niche of the riser without problems, and is laid with tiles, without occupying additional space.
Another myth is the belief that a hanging toilet may not be able to support the weight of the consumer and break. According to the manufacturers, the suspension structure withstands 400-500 kilograms.
Disadvantages of wall hung toilet bowl:
The cost is 2 times more expensive (the installation price is added to the price of the toilet bowl);
Difficult access to communications;
Not every wall can withstand the design of a hanging toilet.
Floor toilets bowls – are an intermediate option between wall-hung and floor-mounted models. Communications are hidden, but the bowl itself is on the floor. The installation and design price of the floor toilet is above average. There is also the problem of difficult access to communications in the case of laying a wall with tiles.
If the walls in the house are not intended for mounting the installation under a wall-mounted toilet, and you want aesthetics, then a wall-mounted toilet will be the right but expensive choice.
Sanitary ware – the most common material for the manufacture of toilets. This is a white clay coated with enamel-glaze. The advantages include simple care and low-cost models.
Sanitary porcelain – more durable and durable, made of white clay with the addition of quartz. It is covered with glaze and outwardly does not differ from sanitary ware. The cost is higher than that of earthenware, but manufacturers of sanitary porcelain promise a lifetime of 50 years.
It is impossible to determine the material for making the toilet “by eye”, therefore, you need to request a product data sheet from the seller to make sure that you have a toilet made of the right material.
Also, on sale you can find toilet bowls made of plastic, steel, artificial stone.
By the shape of the bowl, you can understand how effective the drain will be, therefore, how hygienic your bathroom will be.
Toilets bowls with a shelf (dish-shaped) have a protrusion inside and therefore are most contaminated, water remains in the bowl and microbes multiply in it. Because of this, the toilet may smell. A big plus of the dish bowl is the lack of spray. When an object falls into the toilet, it is easier to get it.
The funnel-shaped bowl has many advantages – it is saving water when draining, and hygiene … But the big minus that buyers are not ready to put up with is the spray, popularly called the “Poseidon kiss”.
Manufacturers struggle with splashes by adding an anti-splash system, and recommend paying attention to the height of the water in the hydraulic lock. Choose a toilet with a minimum of low water at the bottom of the bowl. But even with a low water lock, if the hole is in the center, spray cannot be avoided.
The visor bowl has a design that minimizes splashes and at the same time, the hole is located as hygienically as possible. At the visor bowl, the drain hole is offset to the front or rear wall of the toilet.
The Genoa bowl is a floor-mounted design that is almost never found in apartments. But if you are planning to make a toilet room in oriental style, then pay attention to this model. It is simple and reliable, and is the most hygienic.
Horizontal flushing – is the most primitive version of the drain, the pressure of the water passes from one point. Its main disadvantage is that with such a flush, the bowl is not washed with sufficient quality.
The circular flush system better supports the hygiene of the bathroom. But the holes (if there are too many of them and they are small) can become clogged with hard water over time, and the flush will not be so effective. The optimum number of holes for circular flushing is three.
No rim toilet bowl – was initially positioned on the market as the most hygienic. Since, under the rim of the toilet bowl, as a rule, a large number of microbes accumulate. This flushing system really works very effectively, but if the water pressure is too high, then due to the lack of a rim, the spray scatters all over the toilet room, which is clearly contrary to the idea of total hygiene. You can correct this situation if you adjust the tank fittings.