When renovating a home , the question often arises of how to stick non-woven wallpaper ?Therefore, for a start, you should understand what kind of material it is and learn more about its advantages.
How to study the advantages of non-woven
This coating is composed of synthetic fibers and cellulose. Their manufacturing technology is very similar to paper, but they are many times stronger and much easier to stick on. Why do many people prefer them for pasting the house?
- They do not need special care, as it is enough to wipe them with a damp cloth to remove accumulated dirt.
- They are very resistant to damage and do not deform by themselves. They do not stretch, bubble or shrink, and do not fade in the sun.
- Paint is well applied to them , so you can easily update the interior that bored you.
- They act well.
- Their material is fireproof and retains heat well.
- In stores, you can find a huge number of colors and reliefs.
- Due to their structure, they hide small defects well.
Types of non-woven fabric
Usually this type is bought for painting. They can be distinguished by their peculiar texture, which resembles plaster or careless brush strokes.
As the name suggests, synthetic material here serves as a base, directly on which a pattern or some kind of ornament is applied.
Getting ready for pasting
If you have made repairs with your own hands at least once in your life, then you probably imagine how to properly glue non-woven wallpaper. If you are going to do this for the first time, then it is worth asking for help. Although this material is very easy to work with, you can still make a mistake that will lead to a violation of the process technology.
You will need:
- long-haired roller
- plastic spatula with soft edge
- smoothing brush
- sharp stationery knife
- mesh or elastic fixed on the sides of the container with glue to remove its excess
- narrow metal spatula
- two containers, for example, basins – they are needed for adhesive and water
- foam sponge
- marker, pen or pencil.
Moreover, if you choose a material with a large ornament , then you should carefully calculate the number of rolls, because you will have to cut off a lot of excess material in order for the pattern to match. Take all measurements in advance to know how many rolls to purchase.
Preparing the walls
Non-woven wallpaper gluing begins with marking. Before proceeding with it, inspect the walls for serious defects and bulges. In order for the glued surface to be beautifully and efficiently made, the walls must be prepared, they must be perfectly flat and dry. For the base, a putty , a flat concrete base, drywall , a base from past coatings and even wood are perfect .
First you need to clean the surface of dirt, unevenness and old coating. If they have been painted, then the surface should be thoroughly washed and degreased. If the paint was glossy, then it is advised to completely clean it off, but if this became impossible for a number of reasons, then it is necessary to go over the paint with sandpaper, thus improving the adhesion of the adhesive to the surface. After that, the walls must be primed .
The old wallpaper must also be removed . For this, there are special solutions that, within a few minutes, soften the structure of the paper and help them peel off.
If you plan to paste over plasterboard structures , then a primer is needed here. It is better to carry out the work a day before starting work This method will allow you to clean the walls without any problems.
How to prepare the material
We advise you to choose wide rolls in advance, as they are easier and faster to work with than thin ones. So that there are no ugly gaps between them, and the canvas looks like a whole, they must be placed end-to-end. Using a laser level, draw a vertical line across the room, which will be located one meter from the corner. It is from him that you need to start work. Throughout the entire work, do not neglect the level – it will help you perfectly stick the wallpaper and avoid distortions.
After you have marked the room for gluing, you need to prepare the sheets themselves. Spread newspapers, protective tape, or wash thoroughly on the floor. Next, roll the rolls face down on the floor, so it will be more convenient for you to mark and cut off the desired parts.
We recommend that you immediately cut the pieces for the whole room. Before that, be sure to measure the height of the room , so that the canvas is enough everywhere. It is better to do this at every meter. Then you can start cutting the canvases.
If you have chosen a monochromatic version, then the ornament does not need to be joined, and you can cut the same pieces. If your choice fell on canvases with a large pattern or photo wallpaper, then the size of the fit can be found on the label, or you can ask a consultant in the store. In order for the image to be complete, you will move the sheets either up or down.
Calculate everything carefully so as not to cut off the excess length and after that do not glue small pieces.
On the rolled out roll, make a mark on the length, which is equal to the vertical of the room, and put a notch with a knife. After that, we bend the sheet so that its side cuts are aligned with each other, after that we create a clear fold along which we cut off the desired piece. Next, putting a roll on the cut blanks and checking their length, we cut the canvases to the whole room. When adjusting a large drawing, you can make barely noticeable marks on the reverse side with a pencil, which will help in even pasting in the future.
How to breed glue
In order for the work to be neat , a special glue is needed , which is designed for non-woven wallpaper . Try to choose a quality composition. Instructions for its preparation are usually indicated on the package. We recommend not to dissolve the entire package at once, as the substance deteriorates very quickly and loses its properties.
To dilute it, you will need a shallow container and clean water. As a rule, it is necessary to carefully pour the powder into the water, while actively stirring the resulting mixture. After that, let the glue stand for a while, then knead all the lumps formed and mix thoroughly. You can start pasting.
How to glue non-woven wallpaper yourself
Read the instructions on the package before the process. Some manufacturers give advice on gluing techniques. So, sometimes they recommend to smear with glue not only the walls, but also the coating itself. Make sure that the glue is applied evenly, without lumps or bald spots. It is better to use a roller for this.
All your work depends on the quality of the first sheet. Therefore, take the cut strip and gently attach it to the wall from top to bottom holding them by the edges. Run a rubber spatula along the entire length from the center to the edges to remove excess. If you have material with raised and uneven patterns, then a spatula will not work. Purchase a soft roller or stock up on rags in advance, then cut off the extra pieces of the canvas before everything is dry. Keep in mind that the skirting board can cover up to 4 centimeters, so don’t cut too much. The same goes for the ceiling.
To make the cutting line as even as possible, it is necessary to press the excess with a spatula into a corner. In this case, the cutting tool should not come off the wallpaper. If the glue on the blade is bothering you, periodically rinse it in very hot water.
The next workpiece is glued back to back to the previous sheet. A characteristic plus of non-woven fabric is that it does not shrink, so you should not be afraid that any gaps will appear. Stick the sheet and align the pattern if necessary, pulling it slightly to the first piece of wallpaper. Next, iron the joints with a roller. Excess glue is removed with a rubber spatula on both free sides.
It will not work to avoid getting glue on the surface, but there is nothing to worry about. It is removed with a damp cloth. The substance can be removed from the ceiling with a sponge. Also, we do not recommend neglecting this advice and leaving the adhesive on the surface. After drying, it acquires a characteristic shine, which can ruin the appearance of the repair, and may even turn yellow over time.
How to paste over hard-to-reach places
Often people are faced with planning features that complicate the process of pasting. Small steps, corners, columns – for such elements there are methods of how to glue the non-woven wallpaper yourself . So, in order to paste over a protruding corner, you need to glue the canvas in such a way that it goes around the corner on the adjacent wall. Then on this surface there is an overlap of about 2 centimeters on the previous one there is a sticker of the second sheet. Next, with a knife, carefully cut two layers of wallpaper and remove the top flap, then lift one edge of the sheet and remove the excess layer from below. Use a soft roller to level the joints and wipe off the adhesive.
You will need some extra help to cover the ceiling. Fold the workpiece with an accordion and a mop gradually level over the entire ceiling. So that the seams are not so striking, we advise you to place the canvases perpendicular to the windows.
Difficulties can arise with radiators if they cannot be removed. In order to glue the surface around the heating element, cut the sheets at the places where the batteries are attached. Then, with a mop, drag the cover over the radiator and glue it tightly.
Use a laser to glue the border in the middle of the walls.
The glue should dry for about a day, so do not open windows or create drafts, as this can peel the glued canvases. In addition, it should be borne in mind that the glue solution is very poorly washed after drying, therefore we advise you to rinse the floor several times with a detergent. Only then can the work be considered complete.