Humidifier: How to Choose the Best Device

Humidifier: How to Choose the Best Device

From this article, you can find out which humidifier is the best and how to choose the most practical and efficient model. Here, the main criteria are considered, according to which it is recommended to choose a device for air humidification: technical indicators of optimal devices, the most reliable and high-quality manufacturers on the household appliance market, popular models, prices for them, and consumer reviews.

Which humidifier is better: the main criteria for choosing devices

Thanks to modern technologies, high-quality and functional equipment enters the market, which is designed to improve the quality of human life. Humidifiers are aimed not only at maintaining a comfortable level of humidity, many of them effectively purify the air, and also prevent the spread of bacteria that are harmful to humans.

Humidifiers can have many additional features

The stores offer dozens of manufacturers and many models, so most buyers are lost at the sight of such a variety. There are a number of criteria that will allow you to decide on the choice of a suitable device and choose the best device for specific operating conditions:

  • type of humidifier – humidifiers, climatic complexes, humidifiers- purifiers (“air washers”);
  • humidification rate;
  • filtration system;
  • type of humidifier (according to the principle of operation);
  • service area;
  • power level;
  • the capacity of the water tank;
  • noise level;
  • additional functionality;
  • manufacturer.

Note! In high-quality models, there is a multi-stage cleaning system, consisting of several filters for various purposes. This applies to complex humidifiers, such as “air washers” or climatic systems, which, in addition to humidification, perform a cleaning function.

How to choose a humidifier for home according to technical parameters

The air humidification rate depends on the performance of the device, its power, as well as the size of the room. With this in mind, you should select a device.

The choice of performance according to the size of the room:

Room area, m2 Productivity (air exchange), m³ / h
fifteen 45
twenty 60
thirty 90
fifty 150
80 240

The power of modern humidifiers is in the range of 20-300 W. The larger the size of the room, the higher this indicator should be. When buying, it is worth remembering that devices that are too powerful consume a lot of energy.

The service area is indicated by the manufacturer directly on each model. The humidifier must be selected taking into account the size of the room where it will be used. As practice shows, the power declared by the manufacturer does not always correspond to the real capabilities of the device. This nuance was noticed by many consumers who have already bought a humidifier, there are enough reviews on this topic on the network. For this reason, it is recommended to select a device with a slight excess of the required indicator.

The choice of capacity according to the size of the room:

Room area, m2 Water tank volume, l
15-20 4-5
30-40 6-7
50-60 8-9

How to determine the level of noise exposure:

Noise level, dB Manifestation
10 whisper
twenty normalized noise figure for residential premises
40 quiet
fifty medium volume
60 noisy
70 very noisy

Note! Noise level is one of the most important indicators. If it is exceeded, a person may feel uncomfortable being in the same room with a working device, especially at night.

What are the best home air purifiers and humidifiers: choosing a filtration system

HVAC equipment manufacturers use different types of filters.

Coal – effectively and easily neutralizes smoke, unpleasant odors, and chemicals harmful to humans. The disadvantages include a limited-service life because the filtration system must be replaced at a time strictly specified by the manufacturer. If this is not done, bacteria and harmful microorganisms begin to accumulate inside. They are often used in conjunction with other types of filters.

HEPA – the system performs fine cleaning, which removes almost 100% of dirty impurities and harmful substances. This type of filter system is used in healthcare facilities. There are two types – washable and removable. The maximum service life is 1 year. This type of filter is expensive.

Photocatalytic – cleaning efficiency is 95%. The purification process involves not only the removal of toxic substances from the water but also their further oxidation and decomposition. Air is purified from gases, harmful bacteria, and impurities. These filters have a long service life.

Ultraviolet – removes pathogenic bacteria from the air and fungal spores. This type of filter does not need careful maintenance and treatment.

Ionizing (electrostatic) – aimed at trapping charged particles. They perfectly cope with the function of purifying the air from soot and dust, but they are not able to eliminate toxic substances. Most often, these filters are used in conjunction with others. Their advantages include low cost. Multiple-use is allowed.

Coarse cleaning – only large dust particles and dirt fragments can be removed from the air. Filters can be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner or rinsed with water.

What is the best air humidifier to buy for maximum comfort: additional functions

Small desktop devices can be bought inexpensively

There are humidifiers on sale with improved functionality. Such structures are capable of performing several functions at once and maintaining the air in an optimal state for a person. The ionization option allows you to improve the quality of cleaning in the house. Due to particles with a negative charge, dust settles. To remove it, it is enough to do wet cleaning or vacuum the floor. You can buy an ionizer and a humidifier for your home in almost any HVAC store.

Note! The devices, which act simultaneously as an ionizer and a humidifier for the home, prevent the growth of bacteria in the air.

Devices with the ozone option disinfect the indoor air. Some humidifiers have a scent function. Natural essential oil is added to a special container, due to which the humidified air acquires a pleasant aroma.

There are humidifiers with additional functionality:

  1. The ability to adjust the intensity of humidification – thanks to this function, the user can change the intensity of humidification, if necessary.
  2. Hydrostat – due to this addition, the device can control the level of humidity in the room and, if necessary, turn it off. The device turns off automatically as soon as the humidity reaches the norm. Many steam humidifiers lack this function, which is not very convenient.
  3. Possibility of adjusting the direction of flows – the user can manually set the device so that the flow of moist air is directed in a certain direction, for example, towards flowers or away from the outlet.
  4. Car adapter – the device is used to maintain a normal humidity level in the car. A cigarette lighter is used as a power source.

What are air humidifiers: types of structures according to the principle of operation

According to the principle of operation, the following types of structures are distinguished:

  • steam;
  • ultrasonic;
  • traditional;
  • “Air washers”;
  • Climatic complexes.

In addition, there are more functional and powerful devices on sale, such as climatic systems and “air washers”. They have a wide range of possibilities.

Traditional or cold evaporation humidifiers include three components:

  • container for liquid;
  • fan;
  • the replaceable filter of porous type.

The filter and water tank are connected in such a way that the filtration system is submerged in water. This zone is supplied with air directed by a fan, which intensifies the evaporation process.

The principle of operation of ultrasonic air humidifiers consists of the oscillatory movements of a membrane moistened with water. The frequency of these movements is very high, due to which the liquid is broken up into tiny water particles that humidify the air. The upper part of the case houses all the electronics, such as indicators, a hygrometer, and a water tank. The lower part usually contains all the circuits of the ultrasonic air humidifier and components that provide directional airflow and air intake.

Note! It is not recommended to clean the ultrasonic devices yourself. Doing so may damage important parts of the device. To buy an ultrasonic emitter for humidifiers (membrane), you will need to order the corresponding part and at the same time not be mistaken with its choice.

Steam-type appliances work in the same way as electric kettles: a heating element is placed in the lower part, due to which water boils and evaporates. Some devices have an indicator showing the amount of liquid inside.

Steam humidifier

The steam humidifier works according to the “boiling kettle” principle. The water is heated to the boiling point, after which hot steam is released outside. This type of humidification is the most effective – even in large rooms, the humidity level rises quite quickly. It is good if a built-in hygrostat is provided in the device – it will turn off the humidifier as soon as the set humidity level is reached and will never allow waterlogging. In order for the device to withstand high temperatures and at the same time not burn its owner, the case must be made of heat-resistant plastic. Modern steam humidifiers Anti-lime discs, which usually come with the device, will solve the problem of limescale.

Pros of steam humidifiers  Cons of steam humidifiers
Reaching high humidity levels quickly High energy consumption
Steam sterility Regular descaling
Inhalation function Increased noise level

The main advantage of this type of humidifier is the sterilization of the air. Under the influence of the high temperature of the escaping steam, the microflora unfriendly to us, including bacteria and influenza viruses, perishes. But since boiling is an energy-consuming process, a steam humidifier will consume a lot of electricity. And it should be placed in places inaccessible to children in order to prevent accidental overturning and getting burned.

Ultrasonic Air Humidifier

The ultrasonic humidifier is the most popular among all kinds of humidifiers. The principle of operation is represented by a complex system: water enters the metal membrane, the molecules of which, under the action of ultrasound, break into tiny particles, turning into cold steam, and the fan removes the steam outside. Ultrasonic humidifiers consume the least amount of electricity and also raise humidity levels quickly.

To prevent over-humidification of the air (which is also a negative factor), give preference to devices with a built-in hygrostat (monitors the humidity level), when the set humidity is reached, the device will automatically turn off and restart if the humidity level drops. The only feature of such devices is that they are sensitive to water quality. Using hard water will cause a white coating on the furniture – these are salt deposits. But there is a solution: use distilled water or select models with a replaceable cartridge to soften hard water. An ionizing silver rod is used to disinfect tap water. It is present on many models and needs to be replaced once a year.

Pros of ultrasonic humidifiers Cons of ultrasonic humidifiers
Minimal energy consumption with high performance Purchase of consumables, regular replacement
Variety of designs The possibility of the appearance of a white bloom
Low noise level
Absolute safety, the steam is cold and does not burn

Traditional humidifier

Traditional humidifiers are the simplest and safest type of humidifier. The principle of operation is based on the natural evaporation of water. The humidifying filter or cartridge is immersed in water, humidification occurs due to the natural evaporation of water. The fan blows the air through a humidifying filter, which increases the humidity in the room to a comfortable range of 40-60%.

Pros of traditional humidifiers  Cons of traditional humidifiers
Lack of waterlogging effect Low performance
Air cleaning from dust The need for regular replacement of the humidifying filter
Low power consumption Increased noise level
Safe and easy to clean

“Air washers”

Apart from these three types of humidifiers, there are air washers. Air washers are the most functional devices that not only humidify the air but also clean it from most of the small particles of pollution and odors. Unlike traditional humidifiers, air washers do not require consumables. Air humidification occurs due to a plate drum, from which water particles are blown off. Under the action of the fan, dry polluted air is drawn into the device, particles of dirt adhere to the plates, and with each rotation of the drum are washed into the pan. To prevent water blooming in the appliance, it is necessary to regularly clean the drum and rinse the water tank.

 Pros of air washes Cons of air washes
Easy maintenance, no need to buy consumables Low performance
Air purification from dust, wool, odors
Possibility of room aromatization
Low power consumption
Low noise level

Climatic complexes

Climatic complexes are combined devices that, in addition to humidifying the air, carry out high-quality cleaning using a multi-stage filtration system. Modern devices are equipped with special sensor sensors that react to cigarette smoke, odors, dust content in the air, humidity level and automatically start the cleaning and humidification mode. Among these devices, the market leader belongs to Daikin MCK75J , despite a long presence in the market. This complex has earned wide recognition and has been in a stable demand for several years. In addition, one of the most efficient climate systems is Boneco H680… This device not only effectively humidifies rooms with a large area, but also cleans the air from most contaminants.

 Advantages of climatic complexes Cons of climatic complexes
Highly effective moisturizing and cleansing High price
Cleansing from dust mites, odors, viruses Big sizes
Built-in sensors that monitor the air condition
Reliability and durability

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