Impatiens is the common name for plants of the genus Hydrocera. The genus Impatiens includes a wide variety of varieties – about 500. In an apartment, the culture is grown as a perennial, and in open ground conditions it is an annual plant.
The roots of the species go to warm tropical countries, and in cold Europe an exotic, unusual plant for that time appeared in the 16th century. Now terry Impatiens is a familiar flower culture in flower beds, in household plots, on balconies and in apartments.
Smooth, straight, thin-skinned stems grow up to 50 cm. The pulp of the stem is juicy, tender. The fleshy leaves are large (8-12 cm), lanceolate or oval-shaped, the edge of the plate is indented with small teeth. Their color varies from light shades of green to purple-bronze.
In the leaf axils are pink, white or red double flowers with a diameter of 3-5 cm. In place of the flower, a green fruit is formed, which, when ripe, turns into a box. Each box contains 5 roll-up flaps with small seeds.
Information! The plant was called “Touchless” because of the peculiarity of the box – at any touch to it in a mature state, it opens, and the seeds scatter around. The abundance of bright red flowers in some varieties was the reason for the assignment of the popular name “Spark”, and because of the increased demand for moisture, the Impatiens is affectionately called “Vanka-wet”.
Types and varieties of terry Impatiens
Numerous types of Impatiens are divided into 3 main groups of plants that have differences in appearance:
- classic (traditional) – stems are branched and spreading, leaves are only green in color, double flowers are white, pink, red;
- hybrid form (F1) – bushes are compact, low, with an abundance of lush flowers, the main colors are complemented by orange and purple colors;
- hybrids (New Guinean) – the leaves are variegated.
Hybrid varieties derived from the mother variety Waller are widely used. The color palette is very diverse, which is appreciated in the decoration of large and small areas.
Common hybrid varieties:
- Sparkling cherry (Sparkler Cherry) – a sprawling bush, large flowers are painted in the color of a cherry, the leaves are dark green;
- Sparkling salmon (Sparkler Salmon) – a feature in double pink flowers with white veins;
- Apple blossom (Apple Blossom) – pale pink flowers in the middle are darker and lighter when the bud opens;
- Coral bells (Coral Bells) – ampelous hybrid plant with drooping coral-orange flowers;
- Impatiens red (Impatiensina Red) – double flowers, red
This is interesting! Among Impatienss there is an unusual species – small-flowered Impatiens (Impatiens parviflora). It looks like an ordinary Impatiens, but its size is smaller, the flowers are small, it blooms from May until the first frost. Its peculiarity is in reaction to conditions that are different from the usual living standards – the flowers do not fully open (cleistogamous flowers). The plant is unpretentious, quickly settles on its own, so it is considered a weed.
Growing terry Impatiens
Terry Impatiens is grown by sowing seeds or planting cuttings. Seeds are used when breeding a new variety and when a large number of plants are needed, and existing varieties can be propagated using cuttings.
Reproduction by cuttings
For cutting cuttings, an older, strong plant is taken in autumn or early spring. Chopped stems are placed in water or wet sand, where they will quickly give roots. The addition of a root growth stimulator will accelerate their germination. Rooting cuttings is also possible in the soil while keeping it moist.
Sowing seeds for seedlings for further transplantation into the ground is carried out in January or February. The soil is purchased at the store or prepared independently from compost, humus, sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. It is advisable to treat the soil for disinfection with a weak solution of manganese or boiling water.
Seeds are laid out in small moistened grooves every 3 cm, sprinkled with earth, moistened with a spray bottle. The box is covered with a transparent film (glass) and placed in a warm room. The soil needs to be moistened and the film slightly opened for a short time to remove condensation.
When the seeds germinate, the containers are moved to the light, the film is removed. Avoid direct sunlight on young plants.
Reference! Propagation of terry Impatiens by cuttings is a more convenient option, since seed germination is not always good, germination is slow.
Seedlings and cuttings are planted in a permanent place in early June, when there will be no more frosts, in areas with a warm climate – in May.
The place where the Impatiens will grow should be lit, with some shading at noon, when the bright sun can damage the delicate leaves. In the shade, the plant does not develop well, the leaves may turn yellow and fall off.
The soils of Impatiens Impatiens prefer slightly acidic, moisture and breathable. A mixture of garden soil and sand (3:1) has all these qualities, and flowers grow well in flower beds, in flowerpots with such soil. If the soil is heavy, then the top layer can be replaced by mixing garden soil, sand, peat (2: 2: 1), after laying a drainage layer. The same soil is used when planting in a pot, on a balcony.
Seedlings are planted at a distance of at least 20 cm between them, so that the overgrown bushes do not interfere with each other and are well ventilated.
Features of care
Caring for a crop in the garden and in the apartment is not difficult – care consists of watering, top dressing, treatments for insect pests and diseases.
It is necessary to water the plant taking into account the season – in the summer in the heat almost every day, in the winter – after the top layer of the earth has dried. In the conditions of an apartment, the air is dry and it should be moistened with a spray bottle, helping the plant with loss of moisture from the surface of the leaves.
Terry Impatienss bloom actively and profusely for a long time, and top dressing replenishes the consumption of nutrients from the soil. For fertilizer alternately, 1 time 1.5 weeks, organic and mineral substances are used, controlling the introduction of nitrogen so as not to provoke excessive growth of green mass.
During the winter, the stems stretch out, lose their attractiveness, so in the spring long shoots are cut to ½ length. To form the desired size of the bush, pinch the tops when the shoot reaches a certain length, cut off the weak and thin stems. This procedure activates the growth of young shoots and abundant flowering.
With a lack or excess of moisture, hypothermia, poor lighting, the bushes begin to drop leaves, buds, stems and leaves change color to lighter tones. Removing the cause returns the plant to its former healthy state.
Impatiens can be transplanted into a new pot in spring or summer, but an important feature should be taken into account – the plant blooms well when the roots in the pot do not have enough volume.
Transplantation is subjected to heavily overgrown bushes, in which the roots are intertwined and they lack nutrition in an overly tight container. Old stems should be cut off, thereby stimulating the growth of young shoots. Bushes at the age of 1 year can be transplanted into another larger pot in a clod of earth. Adults, more than 3 years old, it is better not to transplant Impatienss, but to renew by planting cuttings.
Information! Due to the difficulties of collecting seeds, it is better to purchase them in a store.
Pest and disease control measures
Impatiens responds to violations of the irrigation and fertilizing regime with a deterioration in the condition, which can cause damage by pests: aphids, meadow bugs, whiteflies, strawberry mites. Timely treatment with insecticides Bona-Forte, Bitok-sibacillin helps to cope with them quickly.
With excessive soil moisture, the root system is exposed to infection with gray rot. The bush should be taken out of the pot, the roots should be freed from the ground, washed, the affected roots removed and transplanted into new soil.
For preventive treatment of powdery mildew, viral mosaic, a solution of Bordeaux mixture is used.
Terry Impatiens is a wonderful decorative culture for a garden and an apartment. A variety of colors of flowers and leaves gives the site an unusually beautiful exotic look and, importantly, the culture is not capricious, does not require much effort in cultivation and care.