Ivy

Ivy

The evergreen ivy shrub (Hedera) is a member of the Aralievye family. The main feature of this culture is the presence of many varieties, among which there are quite exquisite, as well as very spectacular.
This plant comes from Europe. This genus unites 15 species, all of which are represented by evergreen shrubs. It is often grown indoors, as it is very popular with gardeners. If there are optimal conditions for the development and growth of such a plant, then a small bush will transform in a short time and become a very beautiful vine. Of course, a lot depends on the variety of the ivy itself. The average growth rate of such a plant is approximately 100 cm in 12 months.

Ivy is an evergreen liana that is highly decorative. It can be grown both indoors and outdoors. Flowering begins in the last summer or first autumn weeks. In addition to being very beautiful, ivy is also a long-liver. The average life span of such a plant is 500 years.

Beneficial features

ivy

Ivy contains a large number of nutrients, due to which the plant is considered healing. It is used to make medicines that are used in the treatment of liver diseases, as well as for coughs and pain during menstruation in women, and they also help strengthen the body’s immune system. Ivy is also quite widespread in alternative medicine.

This plant has such beneficial properties as:

  • accelerates wound healing;
  • antimicrobial;
  • diuretic;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • sorption.

Liana helps to cleanse the air in the room from cigarette smoke, as well as from harmful substances released during the operation of the gas stove and when using detergents.

Brief description of cultivation

ivy

  1. Air temperature. The optimum room temperature is about 18 degrees. If the room is warmer, then the plant should be provided with regular moistening from a spray bottle.
  2. Air humidity. Ivy feels most comfortable at a humidity level of 50-60 percent. That is why the foliage of the plant must be moistened with a spray bottle at intervals of 1 or 2 times every 7 days.
  3. Illumination. Bright, but diffused lighting should be provided to variegated ivy. For varieties with solid green foliage, it is recommended to choose the northern windowsill. In addition, such an evergreen perennial can get used to an artificial light source.
  4. Watering. In the warm season, it is necessary to water the liana 1 or 2 times every 7 days. In the winter months, the frequency of watering is halved.
  5. Soil mixture. Ivy grows best in a self-prepared substrate. Combine peat, garden, leaf and light turf soil, which are taken in equal parts. If the soil mixture has an excessively dense structure, then it should be mixed with perlite and peat or with sand. It should be loose and well-drained.
  6. Fertilizer. Ivy should be fed regularly, while it is recommended to alternately use organic matter and mineral complex fertilizers.
  7. Transplant. While the plant is young, it is transplanted twice a year. Adult bushes are transplanted every 2 or 3 years. This procedure is carried out in the spring.
  8. Reproduction. Ivy can be propagated by cuttings, layering and seed. The latter method is used extremely rarely. Ivy can be propagated by apical cuttings, which are placed in a container of water for rooting. When the cutting takes root, it must be planted in a separate container with a substrate. To get the cuttings, next to the bush you need to put a small pot with a substrate, into which the shoot with an aerial root is added.

Ivy care at home

ivy

Indoor ivy is easy to care for. However, if you want the plant not to hurt and be always lush and beautiful, you must follow certain rules of care.

Temperature regime

Indoor ivy is a very thermophilic plant. The optimum temperature for growing it is about 25 degrees. In summer, if possible, take the bush to the balcony, while before the onset of frost, it should be transferred to the house.

Remember that the plant reacts extremely negatively to air temperatures below 13 degrees. Because of this, the vine can start to hurt or pests can settle on it.

Air humidity

The plant needs especially high air humidity on hot summer days. At this time, the foliage is moistened 2 or 3 times every 7 days. In winter, spraying is carried out once every 1.5 weeks, and then only if the room is hot and excessively low humidity.

Illumination

ivy

This vine needs diffused light, since the direct rays of the sun cause burns on the leaf plates. In summer, it is recommended to transfer the flower to the northern windowsill or balcony. This perennial should be kept in a heated room during the winter months. At this time, the plant should be provided with additional lighting, and a fluorescent lamp is perfect for this.

Remember that ivy reacts negatively to frequent rearrangements. In this regard, it is necessary to transfer it to a new place only when absolutely necessary.

Watering

How often should the potting medium be moistened? This is greatly influenced by the season. In the winter months, the plant is watered about 1 time in 7 days, and in the warm season – 1 or 2 times a week.

You need to moisten the soil mixture in the pot sparingly, while at the bottom, be sure to make drainage holes that will help prevent moisture stagnation in the roots.

Pot selection

ivy

The choice of a pot suitable for growing ivy must be treated with great care. If the container is excessively voluminous, this will lead to the appearance of rot on the root system, and if it is very crowded, this can cause the defective development of the bush.

For planting a young bush, use a medium-sized pot. During transplants, each time it is replaced with a container that is 20–30 mm larger than the previous one.

Soil mixture

With regard to the substrate, indoor ivy does not have any special requirements. However, it must be loose and breathable. If desired, for planting, you can use a ready-made, commercially available universal substrate for indoor crops.

To prepare the soil mixture with your own hands, you need to combine humus, leafy soil, sand and peat, which are taken in equal parts.

Fertilizer

Without timely feeding, ivy will not be able to grow and develop fully. For this, you can use both mineral fertilizers and organic matter. Experienced flower growers recommend alternating such fertilizers. Feeding with complex minerals will help you achieve quick and tangible results.

In the warm season, feeding is carried out with a frequency of 1 every 2 weeks. With the onset of the winter period, the frequency of feeding is reduced to 1 time per month.

Ivy transplant

ivy

While the liana is young, its transplant is carried out annually in the spring. When the bush is three years old, the frequency of transplants should be reduced to one every 2-3 years. When replanting a plant, be sure to replace the old container with a new one, which should be slightly larger in diameter. The transplanted bush must be watered.

Pruning

ivy

Timely pruning of ivy is an important procedure in growing homemade ivy. This procedure is not recommended to be neglected, as it has a positive effect on the development of the plant. Thanks to it, the growth of vines is accelerated, and the process of forming young shoots is also started.

Pruning ivy is that the upper parts of the shoots are regularly pinched. This procedure is carried out only when necessary.

In order for the bush to retain its attractive appearance, it is necessary to promptly remove leafless, as well as dead shoots. Pruning on time will have a positive effect on the health and appearance of the plant.

Dormant period

Domestic ivy has no dormant period. It is actively developing and growing all year round.

Bloom

ivy

The first flowering of such a perennial vine can occur at the age of 8 or 9 years. On the branches, small umbrella-shaped inflorescences are formed, on which, over time, berry-like fruits of blue or black color are formed. Most often, these berries contain poison. As a rule, ivy practically does not bloom in indoor conditions.

Reproduction methods

Most often at home, ivy is propagated by layering and cuttings.

Cuttings

ivy

Harvesting and rooting of cuttings are recommended in the spring. This procedure is quite simple, the main thing is to know a few rules:

  1. For the cut, trim off the top of the shoot. Rooting will be much easier and faster if there are already air roots on the shoot.
  2. The stalk for rooting is placed in a glass filled with water (both glass and plastic can be used).
  3. After roots are formed on the segment, they are planted in a temporary container with a substrate (for example, in a plastic cup). The cutting is deepened into the substrate by about 5–10 mm. Water it well and cover it with a plastic bag on top, which is pierced in several places so that air can flow to the plant.
  4. When 1–1.5 months have passed, the cutting should be fully rooted. After that, it is planted already in a permanent container.

Reproduction by layering

Ivy can also be propagated by layering. This method is simple and convenient:

  1. Choose a stem on the bush that has aerial roots. It is not separated from the plant but dripped into a nearby pot filled with a substrate consisting of peat and sand.
  2. Dig in the shoot well and fix it in any convenient way. Then the soil mixture in the pot is moistened.
  3. Already after 1–1.5 weeks, the cuttings will be overgrown with roots. When this happens, it is separated from the mother bush and planted in an individual container.

Possible problems

ivy

If you make mistakes when caring for ivy or do not provide it with favorable conditions for growth, then this can cause problems such as:

  1. The lower leaf plates fly around. In this case, it is recommended to cut off all the lower foliage with simple or garden shears. They fly around only in adult bushes and this is a completely natural process that should not cause you anxiety.
  2. Blackening of foliage. Stagnation of moisture in the substrate. In this case, you need to start watering the plant more moderately.
  3. The stems are strongly elongated. This is due to the fact that the bush lacks light. Move it to a more suitable place or provide additional lighting with fluorescent lamps.
  4. Fading foliage. This problem is also associated with excessively poor lighting.
  5. In variegated varieties, the foliage becomes faded. Ivy lacks light. It needs a lot of bright, diffused light.
  6. The leaf plates of the variegated variety became monochromatic green. This is due to the fact that the substrate contains a large amount of nitrogen. To eliminate this problem, it is necessary to water the plant more abundantly, since water promotes the rapid leaching of nitrogen. However, make sure that no water stagnates in the soil mixture. It is also recommended to feed the flower with potassium and phosphorus.
  7. Leaves become faded. This is due to poor lighting.
  8. The tops of the leaf plates are colored brown. This is due to the fact that the room has low air humidity and the plant suffers from a lack of moisture. Water the ivy on time and spray it regularly with a spray bottle.
  9. Very slow growth. The plant is experiencing an acute lack of nutrients. Do not forget to fertilize on time.

Due to improper care, the plant weakens and pests can settle on it, for example: scale insects, spider mites, and aphids.

Ivy types with photos and names

If you want to decorate your home with a vine, then ivy is just what you need. It comes in several spectacular varieties, so you have a lot to choose from. The varieties that are most popular in indoor culture are described below.

Common ivy (Hedera helix)

ivy

This species is most often grown indoors. A characteristic feature of this plant is that the shoots are fixed on surfaces that are located in close proximity to them. This allows you to give a spectacular shape to the liana.

Canary ivy (Hedera helix ssp. Canariensis)

ivy

The leaf plates of the bush are dense, large and have a variegated color. The length of an adult leaf is about 12 centimeters. This variety does not have air roots, therefore, it needs constant support. To make the bush thick and look spectacular, pinch and correct shape once a year. Ivy needs bright lighting, while it reacts extremely negatively to cold. In an adult liana, the shoots are red.

Colchis ivy

ivyIts thin stems are decorated with glossy large leaf plates. This variety does not need a lot of light and can grow constantly in shade.

Ivy variety Lise

ivyThe foliage of this variety has a unique, spectacular color. The stems of this bush are very long.

RELATED POST

Subscribe to our Newsletter!

Upgrade your life, one email at a time.

By subscribing you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Leave a Reply