Jacaranda – the plant belongs to the family of begonia. There are at least 50 types of jacaranda. It grows in South America, preferring a tropical climate. This feature should be taken into account when growing. Sometimes the name is spelled as jacaranda.
Description of the jacaranda plant
It can be more than just a tree or a shrub. Among them are also herbaceous perennial plants. Jacaranda has feathery leaves that are opposite. It blooms with inflorescence in the form of a panicle. It can be located at the very top or grow from the axils of the leaves. The flowers are tubular, usually painted in purple or blue.
Many species of this plant are valuable for their high-quality wood. In addition, they also have a decorative function. Only young plants are grown indoors. In the wild, they often have a great height.
Jacaranda home care
Location and lighting
If you’ve made the decision to grow this plant in your home, it’s important to remember that it requires a lot of bright light. It is best to place jacaranda on windows on the east and west sides. If you put it on a windowsill on the south side, then at noon the window will need to be slightly shaded. Some sources claim that for this plant, being in bright sun for several hours a day will be very beneficial.
If you’ve just bought a jacaranda, don’t put it in the bright sun right away. It is better to accustom her to this gradually. Exposing the pot to the sun right away can cause leaf burns. It is also necessary to gradually accustom the plant to the light after very cloudy weather has been observed outside the window for a long time without clarification.
It is advisable to unfold the pot from time to time, since in the case of one-sided lighting, the crown may deform, and the plant will lose its attractiveness.
From the beginning of spring until the onset of cold weather, the temperature in the room containing the jacaranda is not recommended dropping below 23 degrees. In the cold season, it is desirable that the temperature in the room be about 18 degrees.
Water the jacaranda regularly. If the top layer of the earth is dry, then watering is necessary. When the jacaranda changes leaves, the amount of watering is somewhat reduced. Usually, this period occurs in winter or the very beginning of spring. But it is important to make sure that the earthen lump in the pot does not completely dry out. It is very important to water this plant with soft water. Before watering, it is recommended to insist on it for a day.
It is significant to remember that jacaranda is a tropical plant. Therefore, high air humidity is of great importance. Daily spraying will be very helpful. The water temperature should be slightly warmer than room temperature.
Topdressing and fertilizers
In the summer period, Jacaranda needs additional feeding. Fertilizers need to be applied every month or a little more often. These should be complex mineral fertilizers. During the period of leaf change, as well as in the autumn and winter periods, it is not necessary to feed the plant.
When the root begins to take up all the space in the pot, the plant needs to be transplanted. This is done in the spring. It is necessary to prepare a mixture of light turf soil, adding sand, humus and peat. Drainage must be provided.
In spring, you need to pinch the tips of the shoots to give the crown a compact and attractive appearance. The plant grows intensively and gradually bares its trunk.
Change of leaves
No matter how well lit the spot where the jacaranda stands, it will shed its foliage. This process usually occurs in winter or early spring. Fallen leaves are replaced by new ones. The older the plant, the more it loses its decorative properties. This is because the plant sheds its lower foliage over time.
Reproduction of jacaranda
Jacaranda can be propagated by seed. This is done in the spring. The seeds need to be wrapped in a wet cloth for a day. Then they are planted to a depth of 1 cm and watered with water. They will rise in a few weeks. The grown seedlings are transplanted into separate pots and placed on a light windowsill.
Propagation by cuttings
This plant can also be propagated in this way. They do this in the first half of the summer.
Diseases and pests
Of the pests for this plant, the scabbard, as well as the spider mite, are the most dangerous.
Types of jacaranda with photos and names
This plant can be found in Bolivia. It grows along rivers. It also grows in a drained soil in southern Argentina and Brazil. In the wild, it is a tall tree. And when grown at home, its height is no more than 3 m. It has a straight trunk. The crown is very beautiful, as the leaves are far apart from each other. The leaves are large, feathery. The flowers grow in a panicle, their length is 5 cm. The color is blue with small white spots.
Fluffy Jacaranda (Jacaranda tomentosa)
Another name is jasmine. Grows in South America. In nature, it can grow up to 15 m in height. The panicle inflorescence blooms with purple flowers. The plant is very attractive in appearance. At home, young fluffy jacaranda is grown. Their leaves are pinnate.