Household gas is not only good for humans but also a source of increased danger. In everyday life, two types of natural gas are used: main, which enters houses through pipes, and liquefied, sold in cylinders. Escaping household gas may cause poisoning or an explosion. Therefore, in order to ensure your safety and not to expose yourself and the lives of people around you to a mortal threat, remember and follow the rules for using gas and household gas appliances.
Is it possible to leaving gas stove on?
It is categorically impossible to leave a working (burning) gas stove unattended, and even more so at night, when you wake up, anything can happen.
Starting from the harmful effects of carbon monoxide, the fact that the burner can go out (including partially slipping the tongues) and the room will be filled with gas, which can lead to very disastrous consequences.
In addition, a gas burner operating (burning) without load will release heat into the air, which will condense on the walls and windows, bringing the microclimate of the room into unbearable conditions, and if you ventilate, then the heat will come out.
If there is no way out and there is no alternative to warm up, then do at least a little science.
Bring home large stones or bricks (a lot) and lay the stove on top with them, set fire to the burner and let the fire heat up the bricks or stones, and they will accordingly give dry heat to the air, in addition, when you go to bed, turn off the gas, and there will be a few more stones hours to give off heat. I think this is much safer and more effective than just burning gas.
General rules for the use of gas and gas stove:
- allow only qualified specialists to install, repair, and check gas equipment;
- do not tie ropes to gas pipes, equipment, and taps and do not dry things;
- when taking the readings of the household gas meter, it is impossible to illuminate the dials with fire;
- do not leave working gas appliances unattended at night;
- do not turn the handle of the gas tap with keys or pliers, knock on burners, taps, and meters with heavy objects;
- do not use gasified stoves and gas water heaters with the low draft in the chimney;
- keep children away from gas equipment;
- do not use rooms with gas appliances for rest and sleep;
- adhere to the following sequence for turning on gas appliances: first, light a match, and then supply gas;
- for greater safety, make sure that household natural gas burns calmly, without gaps in the flame, which leads not only to the accumulation of carbon monoxide in the room but also to damage to burners. The flame should be violet-blue in color, without any yellowish or orange tint.
An impressive part of household gas explosions and fires in residential buildings is a consequence of the neglect of safety, ignorance of basic rules for using gas, and negligence in handling liquefied gas cylinders. To avoid household gas explosions and fires from the use of liquefied gas, remember the following rules:
- store a bottle of liquefied gas exclusively in an upright position in a ventilated area;
- spare filled and empty gas cylinders cannot be stored even temporarily in a residential area, as well as on evacuation passages in case of fire;
- it is prohibited to store flammable gas cylinders in individual residential buildings, apartments, and living rooms, as well as in kitchens, escape routes, stairwells, in basements, in basements and attic rooms, on balconies and loggias;
- gas cylinders for household gas appliances (including stoves, hot water boilers, gas water heaters), with the exception of 1 cylinder with a volume of not more than 5 liters connected to a factory-made gas stove, are located outside buildings in annexes (cabinets or under casings that cover the upper part of the cylinders and the reducer) made of non-combustible materials at the blank wall of the wall at a distance of at least 5 meters from the entrances to the building, basement, and basement floors;
- extensions and cabinets for gas cylinders must be locked and have louvers for ventilation, as well as warning signs “Flammable. Gas”;
- at the entrance to individual residential buildings, as well as to the premises of buildings and structures in which gas cylinders are used, a fire safety warning sign with the inscription “Flammable. Gas cylinders” is placed.
When using household gas stoves, adhere to the safety rules outlined above and the following tips:
- before using a new gas stove, carefully read the manufacturer’s instructions;
- to connect the cylinder to the plate, use a special rubber hose with markings. The hose must be secured with safety clamps. Its length should be no more than one meter. Do not allow the gas hose to be pinched or stretched;
- every time before using the oven, ventilate it by leaving the door open for a few minutes;
- Use the special rings for high-ribbed burners when heating large, wide-bottomed pans on the hob. They increase the flow of necessary combustion air and facilitate the outflow of combustion products;
- do not remove the burners of the gas stove and do not place cookware directly on the burner;
- do not leave the gas stove unattended;
- do not use the electric ignition of the stove if the burners are removed;
- do not flood the working surface of the stove with liquids;
- reduce the flame after the contents of the cookware have boiled. This will prevent food from flooding the burners, besides, you will reduce the useless gas consumption, which will save money;
- keep your gas stove clean. When it is contaminated with food, the gas does not burn completely and with the release of carbon monoxide. Before taking care of the gas stove, disconnect it from the mains. It is advisable to wash the burners, their nozzles and other parts of the stove at least once a month with a soapy or weak soda solution;
- do not use the stove to heat the room;
- do not dry clothes in the oven or over the gas stove burners.
If you smell gas in the room:
- in the event of a domestic gas leak, turn off the burners of the stove and the tap on the gas supply pipe;
- if there is a gas leak, in no case turn on the lights and electrical appliances, unplug the phone from the socket, do not light candles and matches, do not go into other rooms where there is an open fire;
- a gas-contaminated room must be ventilated and the emergency gas service must be called by phone;
- If you still smell gas after ventilating the room, it is possible that the gas leakage continues. Therefore, you need to take people out of the house, warn the neighbors and wait for the arrival of the emergency gas service on the street.
First aid for household gas poisoning:
- Immediately remove the person with household gas poisoning to fresh air;
- if the person breathes irregularly or does not breathe at all, give artificial respiration;
- do not allow a gas poisoned person to eat;
- call the ambulance or take him to the infirmary.