Macodes Petola

Macodes Petola

A plant such as Macodes Petola is a very rare precious orchid (Jevel Orchids). They are found in very small numbers in the territory from South America to Asia. Such plants are valued for their lovely velvety leaves. Specialists classify as precious orchids plants of various genera of the extensive orchid family from the Goodyear subtribe (Goodyerinae). So, these are macodes (Macodes), ludisia (Ludisia), dossinia (Dossinia), anectochilus (Anoectochilus), goodyera (Goodyera), zeuksine (Zeuxcine) and others.

The foliage of such orchids has incredible beauty. So, on a velvety surface, you can see intricately arranged veins that can be painted in various colors. They seem to be made of small pebbles, sparkling in the light. The more beautiful the leaf, the thinner its pattern, since in this case it shines very brightly and the flicker is noticeable even with very little movement.

Such orchids differ from each other by the color of the veins, the pattern, the intensity of their location, as well as the color of the leaf plate itself (for example: pale green, almost black, silver, pale cherry and others). Often the pattern on the leaves depends on the conditions in which the plant is located, as well as on its age. Racemose inflorescences consist of relatively small flowers, which often have a white color. There are species whose flowers smell very pleasant. Under natural conditions, precious orchids interbreed quite easily and simply, in connection with this, there are sometimes certain difficulties in determining the exact species.

Plant features

Macodes petola is represented by epiphytic as well as terrestrial plants, which are directly related to the numerous orchid family. Their growth pattern is sympodial. Such a plant belongs to the group “precious orchids” (“Jevel Orchids”) and is valued for its very showy foliage. The name Macodes comes from the Greek language, so, “macos” means “stretch, length”, which is associated with a lip that has an elongated shape.

Such a genus as Macodes unites about 7 species that can be found in the tropical rainforests of Oceania, as well as Southeast Asia. The most popular of the species is macodes petola. Such a precious orchid has truly beautiful leaves. You may get the impression that the pattern on the leaves is embroidered with gold threads, and they shine and shimmer in the sunlight. Thanks to such rare and very spectacular leaves, this plant is considered a kind of jewel.

Under natural conditions, such a “precious orchid” grows on the islands of Java, from the Philippines to Sumatra, in New Guinea, Malaysia. It prefers to grow in tropical forests (in shady mountain forests) where there is high humidity. Macodes petola grows on fallen tree trunks, as well as on rocks covered with humus and moss.

Such a miniature orchid has creeping shoots, which also branch strongly and reach a height of only 7 to 8 centimeters. Velvety leaf plates can be painted in various shades from greenish gray to emerald green. On their surface are golden, shimmering in the light, veins. The flowers of the plant are inconspicuous and very small. After the end of flowering, the rosette dies off, and at the same time, children (lateral processes) are formed. These plants are grown in collections, as well as in winter gardens.

Orchid care Macodes petola at home

Lighting and location

This plant naturally prefers to grow in dark places with high humidity. When growing it indoors, conditions similar to natural ones should be provided. So, Macodes petole requires not very bright lighting, high humidity, which should be at the level of 80-90 percent, heat and a substrate that is always in a humid state. For its cultivation, it is recommended to use a special greenhouse or florarium.

How to water

Water should not stagnate either in the substrate or in the pan, as this may lead to the formation of rot on the root system, as well as on the lower part of the shoot. It is necessary to water systematically. Watering is done as the soil dries up. Filtered or soft water is suitable for this.

Temperature regime

In summer, the plant grows well and develops at a temperature of 18 to 30 degrees, in winter – you need to make sure that it is not less than 18 degrees. A difference in daily temperatures is recommended, while the difference between day and night temperatures should be about 4 degrees. In the warm season, it is recommended to transfer this orchid to the street (to the balcony, to the garden). In this case, the plant must be protected from direct sunlight, precipitation and gusts of wind.

Land mixture

To prepare the mixture with your own hands, you need to combine the fine-grained bark of coniferous trees, rotted leafy soil, coarse sand, polystyrene foam, sphagnum, charcoal, expanded clay, as well as broken shards. Do not forget to make a not very thick drainage layer at the bottom of the container. On top of the earth mixture after planting the plant, you need to lay out a not very thick layer of moss. Transplantation experts advise to carry out in March-April. Such an orchid needs a cramped pot, the diameter of which does not exceed 6 centimeters.

Fertilizer

Top dressing is carried out carefully, as tender roots can burn. From spring to autumn, they feed 1 time in 3 weeks, and after that – 1 time in 5 weeks. To prepare a nutrient solution, 3 or 4 drops of fertilizer are poured into 2 liters of water. A high concentration of the solution has a detrimental effect on the root system. For top dressing, it is recommended to use a specialized fertilizer for orchids, since fertilizers for other indoor plants contain completely different nutrients.

Reproduction method

When grown indoors, this plant can be propagated by cuttings or by dividing an overgrown specimen. When dividing, you need to make sure that there are at least 3 sprouts on each division. This plant has a branched, creeping stem. In the event that roots appear next to adult leaves, it will be possible to carry out the cutting procedure. Part of the shoot is cut off on the cutting, while it must have 2 or 3 stem nodes and roots. The cut sites should be treated with crushed wood or activated charcoal. Then the stalk is dried and planted in the prepared soil mixture. Also, a glass of water is sometimes used for rooting, into which crushed charcoal should be added. Leafless stem cuttings are also used for propagation. They should be placed horizontally on moistened sphagnum.

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