Mini Pumping Station for a House

Mini Pumping Station for a House

Living in country houses and cottages is accompanied by some difficulties with electrification, heating, and water supply. For the owners of such plots, the solution to one of the problems can be a mini pumping station for a private house: in this case, water supply is carried out by pumping water from a well. The equipment maintains the required level of pressure in the pipes of the water supply system. This ensures a constant supply of fluid.

Feasibility of buying a mini pumping station house

A mini pumping station is a complex of devices that ensure an uninterrupted water supply. All components of the equipment work synchronously. As a result, the water rises from the depth, after which it is fed into the house under a certain pressure.

This type of equipment is usually installed:

  • in country houses;
  • in cottages;
  • in country houses.

The capabilities of pumps to increase water pressure in a private house involve pumping fluid from wells or wells.

If there is a water source on the site such as a well or a well, the most traditional equipment option can be a submersible borehole pump. But at the slightest drop in the water level, malfunctions of the device occur, which makes it impossible to use the plumbing in the house. For this reason, it is recommended to buy a pumping station for private houses. They are equipped with storage tanks for backup storage of a certain amount of water.

Important! The surface of the water in the well or well should not be deeper than the 9 m mark. A station located on the surface will not be able to lift liquid from a greater depth. In such situations, it is better to use submersible pumps.

Mini Pumping station for a house: water supply and equipment classification

The classification of pumping equipment is carried out on the basis of many characteristics.
The main types of stations:

  • axial;
  • systems equipped with positive displacement pumps;
  • centrifugal;
  • systems equipped with various types of water lifters.

There are also other types of equipment based on the following features:

  • the place where the pumps are installed (equipment with back pressure or positive suction lift);
  • location of the station in the well (partially buried systems or surface);
  • type of control (remote, manual, automatic).

The manual type of control assumes that the device is switched on / off manually. Remote equipment control is carried out at the expense of a dispatch center located at a remote distance. Automatic systems are controlled by special devices. Their advantage lies in the absence of the need to constantly monitor the operation of the equipment and to be near it.

The general classification provides for the existence of systems for domestic and industrial purposes. Industrial equipment has increased power, durability, and productivity.

Pumping station for house

Types of domestic water supply pumping stations and their prices

Pumping systems are used in many areas. Most models work with minimal or no impurities. The contaminated liquid is pumped out by the drainage system.

Unlike industrial equipment, which can be firefighting, pumping and filtering, modular or hydraulic, prices for household water supply pumping stations for a private house are much lower. Distinctive characteristics are also performance and functionality. The scope of application extends to farms and country houses, where gardens and vegetable gardens are irrigated.

Helpful advice! It is not worth buying high-power equipment for a country house or suburban area. This will only entail unnecessary costs. The choice should be based on the needs of the area and select the appropriate parameters.

Types of domestic water supply pumping stations for a private house:

  • multistage;
  • vortex;
  • self-priming.

Features of Multistage High-Pressure Water Pump for Home

The multistage pumping station is driven by wheels. Through them, there is a movement of fluid in the pipeline system. The water pressure is completely dependent on the total number of heads of the elements present. The power of the wheel affects how much the fluid pressure will increase with each next stage.

This type of equipment can have a surface type of placement. The option of immersion in a well or a well is also provided.

System advantages:

  • low noise level;
  • high-efficiency rate;
  • delivery of a large volume of water;
  • clear operating scheme;
  • simple service system.

Models equipped with a remote type injector can take water at a depth of 45 meters.

If you are planning not permanent, but seasonal residence in the country (for example, only in the summer), it is most advisable to purchase a vortex or self-priming pump version. At the same time, the money costs are less, although other types of equipment are inferior to the multistage system in functionality and noise indicators.

Water supply scheme for private houses with a self-priming pumping station

Self-priming pumping devices are one of the varieties of centrifugal-type systems. Their installation is carried out on the surface. There is no need to fill the suction pipe with water. The maximum water intake depth is 9 meters.

Scheme of action:

  • the body and the suction pipeline are filled with liquid;
  • the impeller starts to move;
  • the action of centrifugal force forces the water out of the peripheral zones;
  • due to pressure, the liquid moves into the pipeline;
  • the pressure in the central part of the wheel begins to decrease and liquid enters the body part through the water supply system.

Uninterrupted water supply, in this case, is carried out due to the constant repetition of these actions. Even when oxygen bubbles are present in the water, the efficiency does not decrease.

The main disadvantage of the device is the high noise level during operation. The scope of application extends to construction and agricultural facilities, summer cottages.

Pumping station for house

Vortex water supply by mini pumping stations for a house

The second name for vortex pumps is dynamic pumps. The functionality of the devices is based on a special method of pumping liquid using blades. These elements are characterized by a radial or angular arrangement on the impeller. The maximum depth is 7 meters.

The design has a lot of advantages. With the dimensions of a centrifugal pump that increases the pressure in the water supply, the vortex type of the station is capable of forming a liquid head nine times stronger.

Note! Many manufacturers endow structures of this type with the ability to self-priming. Such systems can perform efficient work even with a gas-liquid mixture.

A significant drawback is a low-performance indicator. The efficiency is in the range of 35-40%. Therefore, it is impractical to use a device with high power.

The mechanism is not able to pump viscous mixtures. There is an increased sensitivity to coarse abrasive particles. If impurities are present in the water, it will cause permanent blockages, which leads to premature wear.

Advantages of purchasing a household pumping station, prices

The main feature of mini pumping stations is their configuration. The devices are equipped with a surface pump that allows working with small-diameter wells.

Domestic pumping stations offer a whole list of advantages:

  • the use of this equipment allows you to achieve the required pressure in the pipes;
  • an extensive range makes it possible to select a system to provide the necessary parameters (pressure, water volume, etc.);
  • even the most budgetary options are able to cope with the tasks assigned;
  • due to the presence of a water storage tank in the structure, there is no need to install any additional tank;
  • devices are dependent on electricity, but when it is turned off, the water supply does not stop immediately;
  • the operation of water heaters is maintained in an uninterrupted mode;
  • the design can be used not only for supplying clean water to the house, but also for watering a vegetable garden or garden on a personal plot.

The cost of a water pump that increases pressure depends on functionality, power, quality, and specific manufacturer.

The cost of household devices:

Station type Minimum cost
Multistage from 90 $
Vortex from 40 $
Self-priming from 35 $

How to choose a mini pumping station for a house

To choose the optimal model of equipment, you should familiarize yourself in detail with the principle of operation of the station, its internal structure.

Note! The manufacturer indicates the maximum possible parameters in the instructions for the products. These figures will not correspond to the actual ones. They are possible only under certain conditions and reflect only the maximum of possibilities that the station is capable of.

The set of devices can include two types of pumps. The remaining components of the structure are:

  • hose;
  • membrane type pressure tank;
  • dry running relay for pumps;
  • pressure gauge;
  • terminals providing grounding;
  • hydro accumulator;
  • fitting adapter;
  • storage tank for liquid.

This design is bulky, and the water in the tank is controlled by afloat. As soon as the liquid level drops, pumping starts automatically.

The system also has disadvantages. The structure must be placed in a heated room, regularly monitor the pressure level, and check the operation of the automation. The water pump check valve also creates some inconvenience. Together with the storage tank, it needs regular cleaning.

The technical side of the flow pump for increasing the pressure

There are a number of parameters that characterize the uninterrupted operation of devices and their quality.

These parameters include:

  • sensors to monitor the presence of water;
  • the depth from which the suction is performed;
  • profitability;
  • pressure indicator;
  • the capacity of the membrane tank (its volume).

Natural water sources are sometimes dried up. In such cases, the operation of the circulation pump to increase the water pressure is idle. Ultimately, the equipment is completely out of order. To avoid serious damage, you should initially select the correct equipment for a suburban area. Systems equipped with a reservoir water detector are best suited. If the natural source is depleted, the device turns off the pump.

Pumping station for house
The structure of a surface single-stage pump: 1 – housing, 2 – cover, 3 – impeller, 4 – drive shaft, 5 – mechanical seal, 6 – bearings, 7 – capacitor, 8 – electric motor

An indicator such as pump power controls the pressure level in the entire system. The range of fluid transmission (the maximum distance that water can move) also depends on it.

Advice! Manufacturers offer two ways to improve the efficiency of the system. Due to the automation, optimal operation of the pump is achieved (turning it on / off). Devices equipped with a large-capacity membrane tank can maintain the required pressure level for a certain period of time.

Criteria for selecting a pump for a well by parameters

The selection of equipment should be based on the following parameters:

  1. Debit (the amount of fluid in the well where water will be taken). It is unacceptable that the pump performance exceeds this indicator.
  2. The required volume of water per hour. Taking this parameter into account, the performance of the equipment is selected.
  3. Well, depth. If this parameter does not exceed the mark of 9 meters, it is possible to install any device. Otherwise, you should think about how to choose a deep well pump for your home. A station with a remote-type injector is also suitable.
  4. Correspondence of the volume of the accumulator to the level of consumption. With the right choice, you can extend the effective life of the device.
  5. The distance separating the points of water consumption and its withdrawal.

When buying equipment for arranging a suburban area, many consumers first of all base their choice on the cost of products, the reliability of its manufacturer.

There are other criteria, for example, the materials from which the accumulator and pump are made. Protection against overheating and dry running will also be useful. Pumping station manufacturer Alco has foreseen this as well.

How to choose a pump for a well: recommendations

In pumping structures, power is fundamental. For household units, this indicator is in the range of 600-1500 W. Drilling companies dealing with the organization of the water source attach accompanying documentation. It contains recommendations for equipment.

To provide a stable water supply to a country house, it is enough to purchase a pump with a capacity of 3000-6000 l / h. For seasonal living at the dacha, 0.6-1 m³ / hour is enough.

The storage tank can have different volumes. Its size is determined based on how much reserve liquid a country house needs in case of failures when taking water from a well or a power outage.

For the manufacture of accumulators, manufacturers use:

  • plastic;
  • cast iron;
  • steel.

The performance of a household or sewage pumping station for a private house, its reliability, durability, and noise level during operation depend on the properties and characteristics of the material. Most budgetary tanks are made of plastic. They have a short service life. The cost of cast iron elements is much higher. And the most optimal equipment option in terms of price and quality is steel tanks.

Additional features of pumping units

Dry-running control and overheating protection are additional benefits of some units.

Note! These additional features add significantly to the cost of installation. But if it is planned to install a pump that increases the pressure in the system of a detached house with an increased level of water consumption, such costs will be justified.

The dry-running control function shuts down the pump if there is no liquid in the supply system. The mechanism is designed to protect the motor from premature wear and damage. The overheating protection also blocks the operation of the unit if the pump reaches too high a speed.

Both of these functions will ensure the long-term use of equipment that is part of an autonomous water supply system.

To achieve additional comfort and convenience for the operating conditions of a private house, it is recommended to purchase automatic pumping structures. The station will automatically turn on when the reserve tank is empty or stop when the tank is full.

Country house owners usually live there seasonally. It is inexpedient and expensive to acquire serious stations for such areas. You can get by with the use of pumps with a manual type of control.

When choosing installations, the manufacturer plays an important role. Company ratings and product reviews will help create a complete picture.

Rating of pumps that increase the pressure in the water supply

Domestic pumping stations are presented on the market by domestic and foreign manufacturers. The differences between them lie in the functional content, warranty periods, materials from which the parts are made, and prices.

Price table (average):

Device model Manufacturer country Price ≈
Wilo HMP 603 1 Germany ≈ $ 400
Wilo FMP303 EM/2 Germany ≈ $ 200
Wilo FWJ-202-EM / 2 Germany ≈ $ 100
Four Elements Automatic 801 China ≈ $ 90
NeoClima GP 600/20 N China ≈ $ 80
AL-KO HWF 1000 Germany ≈ $ 90
VMtec Altera Auto 5/5 Germany ≈ $ 400
VMtec Altera Auto 9/4 Germany ≈ $ 400
Pedrollo JСRm 15М-24 CL Italy ≈ $ 200
Pedrollo JСRm 1В-24 CL Italy ≈ $ 150
GARDENA 3000/4 Germany ≈ $ 150
Karcher BP 7 Home & Garden series Ecologic Germany ≈ $ 250
Karcher BP 4 Home & Garden series Ecologic Germany ≈ $ 150

Many models of domestically produced systems can create serious competition for European plants with a higher cost. The correct choice of parameters will allow you to purchase efficient equipment.

Features of the pump for increasing the pressure in the water supply from the NeoClima trademark

The pump model GP 600/20 N from the brand manufacturer NeoClima is convenient and easy to use.

Important! The system is suitable for installation only in those suburban areas where high water pressure is not required. The pump has only enough capacity to meet the needs of two consumers.

The unit is suitable for organizing water supply from a well. Installation of the structure is beneficial for owners of territories where it is not possible to execute a well. The material for the production of the working chamber and the pressure head is stainless steel, so the risk of corrosion is minimal. The station can provide a water supply for various needs (cooking, washing). Needs installation of a non-return valve. Power – 600 W.

The disadvantage of the model is its design flaw. The mains cable is short and the hose connecting the tank to the pump is very thin.

A brief description of:

Options Indicators
Device type Superficial
Maximum efficiency 3 m³ / hour
Fence depth 8 m
Liquid head 35 m
Storage tank volume 20 l

The pump starts up frequently. The design is reliable enough to carry out efficient work without breakdowns for a long time.

Overview of a pumping station from AL-KO

The connection diagram in a private house of the AL-KO HWF 1000 pumping station has its advantages.

With additional equipment, this system provides increased comfort:

  • a coarse filter cleans the liquid from leaves, sand particles, and other contaminants;
  • the check valve prevents pressure drop;
  • the dry running system turns off the pump in the absence of water.

The hydro accumulator is made of modern material – polypropylene foam. Despite the apparent fragility, plastic parts endow the equipment with all the necessary characteristics.

A brief description of:

Options Indicators
Device type Superficial
Maximum efficiency 3.2 m³ / h
Fence depth 9 m
Liquid head 40 m
Storage tank volume 20 l

Note! The plastic reservoir can be damaged by falling structure or accidental impact. During the installation of the station, great care should be taken to avoid damage to the device.

The optimal operating point, where the most effective liquid intake is made, is located within 25-30 meters.

Features of Quattro Elementi equipment

Among the Chinese-made Quattro Elementi pumping stations, the Automatico 801 model is one of the most demanded designs. The system does not include a check valve and a suction filter. Consumers have the option to purchase these parts additionally.

This is where the disadvantages of the device end. The advantages of the model include efficiency, which manifests itself even when operating in intensive operation mode. The guaranteed period of work is at least five years.

A brief description of:

Options Indicators
Device type Superficial
Maximum efficiency 3.2 m³ / h
Fence depth 8 m
Liquid head 40 m
Storage tank volume 20 l

The operation of the unit has some peculiarities. If there is a frequent power outage on the site, it is recommended to purchase and install an additional storage tank. It is desirable that he has large volumes.

Connection diagram of a pumping station for a private house

After choosing and purchasing a pumping station, it is installed and started up. The terms of the operational service depend on how well the installation work is performed.

Advice! Use accessories to ensure correct installation of the automatic pump.

Before installing the equipment, you should take care of the presence of additional equipment elements:

  1. Non-return valve – allows liquid to pass to the pump, prevents backflow of water into a natural source (installation is allowed not only at the end of the suction tube, but also in front of the pump itself).
  2. Water filter – prevents sand particles and other contaminants from a natural source from entering the body of the structure or storage tank.
  3. Voltage regulator.
  4. Relay for the “dry running” protective system (its installation is necessary to prevent overheating of the pump in cases where the liquid level in a natural source decreases; in the absence of a relay, the pump will pump air and overheat, which will cause a breakdown).
  5. Pressure switch – monitors the operating modes and pressure in the storage tank.
  6. Automation is a device that has the capabilities of a pressure switch and a dry run protection system.

Features of installing a drainage pump in a well

The choice of the location of the station is dictated not only by the distance to the source but also by the depth from which water will be taken. The units are usually installed inside residential premises. The problem arises that the pump is far removed from the well, which affects the suction depth.

The formula for calculating the actual liquid intake depth:

0,1хL+H = max 8 m

Formula values:

  • L is the distance between the device and the well;
  • H is the depth of the water surface in the source;
  • max 8 m is the maximum allowable calculation result.

Helpful advice! If the calculation result exceeds 8 meters, the unit should be moved closer to the source. Installation in a pit is permissible. It is imperative to protect it from moisture and cold. Another possible solution is to install a submersible pump.

The step-by-step installation scheme is as follows:

  1. Installation of equipment on a prepared surface. Pre-align the installation area. It is recommended to fix the structure in order to exclude its movement during the work.
  2. Formation of the incoming highway. The minimum immersion depth of the suction tube in water is 0.3 meters. The second side is attached to the pump. At the same time, it is imperative to observe a slight slope in relation to the source.
  3. Filling the inlet line and pump with liquid. Water flows through the outlet or filling hole, respectively.
  4. Connection to the station of the pressure head. The air pressure in the reserve tank is being adjusted.

To check the operation, the system is connected to the mains (socket). At this point, the pump should start and start pumping fluid. As a result, the water fills the mainline and the storage tank. The system should turn off automatically when the pressure level reaches 2.5-3 atm. After that, you should adjust the switching off / on of the pump.

Even the most inexpensive stations today can offer the consumer excellent performance and capabilities. The modern assortment allows you to choose the optimal unit for any need. If all the requirements for installation and further operation are met, the structure will be able to serve for 5-7 years.

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