The genus Neoregelia includes epiphytic and terrestrial plants directly related to the bromeliad family. In nature, they prefer to grow in the tropical rainforests of Eastern Colombia, Eastern Peru, Brazil, and Ecuador (in swampy areas).
The leaves of such a herbaceous, perennial, rosette plant are belt-like, broadly linear, and their edges are strongly serrate, or they have many small thorns on them. The center of the rosette is very often light white or lavender.
The inner part of the leaf rosette or the tips of the leaves acquires a deep red color at the time when the inflorescence appears. It comes out of the leaf sinus and has a racemose shape. There are a lot of flowers and they are located in the axils of the bracts.
Brief description of cultivation
- Temperature. Throughout the year, you can keep the flower at a temperature of 20 – 27 ° C.
- Lighting. Direct sunlight should not fall on the plant during the daytime – but in the morning and in the evening, sunbathing for 3 to 4 hours a day will be mandatory.
- Watering and humidity. Water regularly in the spring and summer directly into the center of the leaf outlet. Dry the outlet with the onset of autumn or during bud formation. Air humidity is high.
- Pruning. Sanitary – Remove old dying leaves and withering flowers.
- Ground. The perfectly drained substrate was rich in nutrients.
- Topdressing. In spring and summer, they are fed once a month with mineral fertilizers for bromeliads, applying the nutrient solution directly to the leaves of neoregelia.
- Reproduction. most often – by separating daughter sockets.
Caring for Neoregelia at home
You need a bright diffused light. In the summer, the plant should be shaded from the direct rays of the sun. In winter, the lighting should also be good, so it is recommended to supplement the flower with fluorescent lamps at this time. The room needs to be systematically ventilated, but there should be no drafts.
In spring and summer, neoregelia grows well and develops at temperatures from 20 to 27 degrees. In winter, it is recommended to place the plant in a cool place (about 16 degrees), under these conditions it can bloom much longer, or rather, about six months.
You need a high humidity of at least 60 percent. Therefore, Neoregelia is recommended to be grown in greenhouses or terrariums. When kept at home, you need to pour expanded clay into the pallet and pour in a little water (make sure that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water). It is also regularly sprayed. For hygienic purposes, the leaves should be wiped with a damp cloth.
How to water
In the warm season, watering is carried out regularly in the morning, while water must be poured directly into a leaf outlet. In winter, water it moderately and pour water under the root, otherwise the plant will begin to rot. The water should be lukewarm and soft.
They feed in May – September 1 time in 3 or 4 weeks. To do this, use fertilizer for bromeliads, which must be dissolved in water, and then water the plant with the resulting mixture.
The transplant is carried out only if necessary, while the neck should not be buried in loose soil. For terrestrial species, a suitable mixture consists of humus, leafy earth, and also sand and peat, taken in a ratio of 1: 2: 0.5: 1. Epiphytic plants need a mixture that includes sphagnum moss, pine bark, humus and leafy soil, as well as peat (proportion 1: 3: 0.5: 1: 1). The drainage layer should fill the flower pot by one third.
Reproduction of neoregelia
You can propagate by seeds and daughter rosettes. When flowering ends, a large number of babies are formed. You can plant a lateral process with 3 or 4 leaves. To do this, take a separate pot, which is then placed in heat (from 25 to 28 degrees). It is covered with a bag or glass. Aeration of the soil is required every day. The grown-up young plants are looked after as adults (but they are gradually taught to such care).
Before planting, the seeds must be immersed in a weak solution of manganese potassium, and after a while, they must be dried. Sowing is carried out in crushed sphagnum moss, and the top is covered with glass. Put in a warm place (25 degrees), every day you need to spray and ventilate. They will rise after about 2 or 3 weeks. Seedlings at the age of 2-3 months are transplanted into separate pots using the soil for bromeliads. This neoregelia will bloom for the first time at the age of 3-4 years.
Mealybugs, aphids, scale insects or spider mites can settle.
When infested with bromeliad scabbard, pests are found on each side of the leaves, which turn yellow and fall off.
You can fight with a special solution consisting of 1 liter. water and 15–20 drops of actellik. They can spray the plant or moisten a sponge in it and wipe the foliage.
When infected with a mealybug, the leaves suffer. It leaves a sugary discharge, and then a sooty fungus forms on them. The growth of the flower slows down, the foliage turns yellow and the plant gradually dies.
To combat such pests, you can use pure alcohol or laundry soap. Apply the substance to a rag and wipe down the entire plant. If the infection is very strong, then you can use insecticides such as: actellik, fufanon, karbofos.
The red spider mite can settle on both sides of the leaflet. He envelops the leaf with cobwebs and it turns yellow and falls off.
To destroy the pest, wipe the leaves with soapy water. You can use the drug deciss. Systematic spraying is recommended.
Having settled on the outer part of the leaves, aphids suck their juice. The leaves turn yellow and fall off.
To get rid of aphids, treatment with actellik solution is required (15–20 drops per liter of water).
Can get sick with fusarium, which contributes to the destruction of the lower part of the flower, leading to its death. Occurs due to excessive moisture.
A sunburn leaves light brown spots on the leaves.
Due to too dry air, the tips of the leaves dry out and become brownish.
Types of neoregelia with photos and names
This epiphytic plant is perennial. The leaf rosette is wide-spread and has the shape of a funnel with a diameter of up to 40-50 centimeters. Shiny leaves of a rich green color have a tongue-shaped shape and a pointed tip. There are many thorns along the edges.
Before the plant begins to bloom, the top of the leaf rosette takes on a deep red hue. The capitate, simple, multi-flowered inflorescence is located deep in the leaf rosette.
Oblong white-green bracts have a pointed or rounded apex. They can be naked or there are many scales on their surface. The four-centimeter flowers are painted in a light lilac color. Slightly fused greenish sepals have a rounded shape with a pointed tip.
There are varieties with longitudinal stripes that have a pink, white or green color.
Neoregelia marble (Neoregelia marmorata)
This terrestrial plant is perennial and has a wide, dense, funnel-shaped rosette. The belt-like leaves reach 60 centimeters in length, they have a pointed tip and broadly serrated edges. On their surface, there are many light scales, and they themselves have green color with reddish specks.
The capitate, simple, multi-flowered inflorescence is located deep in the leaf rosette. Linear bracts ½ part less in length than sepals and slightly pointed. The four-centimeter flowers are pinkish or white in color.
Neoregelia gloomy (Neoregelia tristis)
This epiphytic plant is also a perennial. A narrow leaf rosette, consisting of 10-12 leaves, has a funnel-shaped shape. Green lingual leaves reach 60 centimeters in length, their ends are rounded with a short sharp tip. The front side is naked, and the wrong side has dark wide stripes, covered with small light dense scales.
The inflorescence, immersed deeply in the leaf rosette, is capitate and multi-flowered. Elongated, thin-film bracts are dark red in color and have rounded and slightly pointed ends. Their edges are solid, and in length they are more than half the length of the sepals. The bare sepals are asymmetrical. They have grown together at the base and reach about 2 centimeters in length. The petals of the flowers are narrow, and their tip is pointed, at the top they are painted in a bluish color. The petals are fused with the stamens.
Neoregelia beautiful or elegant (Neoregelia spectabilis)
This epiphytic plant, which is a perennial, has a rather wide rosette of leaves. The lingual leaves are very strongly bent, they reach 40 centimeters in length. Their seamy side is colored red-green with gray stripes of scales, and the front side is green, and there is a spot at the top of a deep red hue.
The capitate inflorescence is deeply embedded in the leaf rosette. Elliptical bracts with a pointed tip are almost the same length as sepals, and their apex is covered with brownish scales, which are strongly curved.
The flowers, located on the pedicels, reach 4 to 4.5 centimeters in length. Elliptical sepals, asymmetric in shape, slightly accrete at the base, have brownish-red pubescence. The blue flowers have bent tongue-shaped petals.
This epiphyte is a perennial. It has a narrow, funnel-shaped leaf rosette. Lingual leaves have a rounded apex, the tip of which is pointed. Their finely serrated edges are covered with millimeter spines of a dark shade. There are many small scales on the surface of the leaves, and on the obverse, there are sinuous whitish stripes.
The inflorescence, located on a short peduncle, has a fusiform shape and is slightly flowering. Oval thin-film bracts with pointed edges are shorter in length than pedicels. Narrow-lanceolate sepals with a pointed tip, asymmetrical in shape, grow together slightly at the base. In length, they reach 2 centimeters. The long (about 5 centimeters) petals are white.
This terrestrial plant is perennial. It has a thin and dense leaf rosette, funnel-shaped. And on the elongated stems are offspring (daughter rosettes). Lingual leaves have a rounded apex with a pointed tip. The edges of these leaves are finely serrated, they are colored green and on the upper part they have a reddish speck. On the seamy side, the leaves are dark green, and on their surface there are small light scales in a dense layer.
This plant has a multi-flowered inflorescence. Entire, thin-film bracts have a rounded-elongated shape. They are painted in a light shade, and their top is a rich crimson color. On their surface is a layer of scales.
The flowers are located on the pedicels and reach 2.2-2.9 centimeters in length. The bare, green sepals are rounded and asymmetric at the base, growing together slightly. Partially fused petals of a bluish or white hue have pointed tips.
Bladder neoregelia (Neoregelia ampullacea)
This epiphyte is perennial. Its leaf rosette is very dense. The folded, linear leaves are colored green and have narrow red stripes and small brownish scales. Their tip is pointed, and the edges are broadly serrated.
The slightly flowered inflorescence is deeply planted in a leaf rosette. Entire, thin-film bracts have an elongated shape, and their tip is pointed. They are larger than sepals in size. Pointed narrow-lanceolate sepals are colored green, and white along the edge. They are slightly fused at the base. The petals are also slightly fused at the base, their edges are blue, and the top is pointed.
Neoregelia blue (Neoregelia cyanea)
This perennial epiphyte has a narrow, dense leaf rosette, which consists of a large number of leaflets. Leathery pointed leaves of the lingual shape are broadly serrated or whole-edged. They are painted in the same color, and there are many whitish scales on the seamy side.
The multi-flowered inflorescence is located deep in the leaf rosette. The dense linear bracts are obtuse and the same size as the sepals. The bare, broadly pointed sepals, slightly fused at the base, are asymmetric. Short-grown lanceolate petals are bluish or red in color.
Tiger neoregelia (Neoregelia tigrina)
This epiphyte is a perennial and has a round dense leaf rosette. The leaves are tongue-shaped and have rounded tops with sharp tips, and short brownish spines are located at the edges. The leaves are colored green-yellow and have brownish irregular stripes, and at the base they are covered with small scales.
The multi-flowered inflorescence is simple. The thin-film spatulate bracts have pointed tips and red tops, and they are also asymmetric. Leathery, bare light green sepals are oval in shape with a pointed tip. They are fused at the base, and there are red spots on their tops. The petals at the base have grown into a tube, and they are painted in a light purple color.