Notocactus is a beautiful flowering plant from the cactus family. The plant is most widely distributed in the desert of South America.
Not in culture, such flowers often live in an environment with a temperate climate. As a rule, they are found on steep cliffs and rocks. Notocactus are characterized by too slow development.
Notocactus is a not very large, spherical cactus with a huge number of spines. It is characterized by flowers of rather large sizes, which often reach twelve centimeters in diameter. Most flowers are silky yellow.
The flowering period lasts throughout the summer. During it, flowers bloom on the plant, painted in different shades: from light yellow to deep purple. In early autumn, small fruits can be seen.
Under optimal environmental conditions and proper care, notocactus will begin to bloom a few years after planting, reaching about eight centimeters in height. With each subsequent year, the number and size of flowers increase.
Many species are fairly easy to grow, with attractive spines and brightly colored flowers.
Types of notocactus
Today, there are numerous different types of notocactus. The most common include the following:
The bell-shaped flowers are glossy salmon in color, and there are dark stripes in the middle of the petals. Outside, the flowers are covered with purple scales.
Notocactus graceful. It has a low, single stem with a flat-spherical shape. It has a glossy green tint. There are no spines at the top, on the rest of the plant they are bristly, thin, yellowish. Flowering begins three years after planting.
Reddish notocactus. It has a five-centimeter stem with a greenish-blue color. It has small tubercles that are placed spirally. The radial spines are red-brown, brownish-red, and also white. For wide flowers, a characteristic carmine-pink color.
Little notocactus. It has a cylindrical stem, glassy-white, bristle-like spines, yellowish flowers with reddish-brown bristles, white hair and a red stigma.
Notocactus paniculata. Attracts with a bluish stem, light yellow small flowers.
Notocactus Muller-Melchers. It has a characteristic grayish-green color, areoles with white pubescence, pale yellow flowers.
Lamellar notocactus. It is distinguished by wide flat ribs and a slightly depressed top. The large yellow petals are shiny and have a rich red stigma.
Magnificent notocactus. It has a spherical, bluish-green stem, gray-pubescent areoles, brownish-yellow lateral spines, funnel-shaped flowers with gray-yellow petals.
Sunny notocactus. Has pubescent areolas. The flowers are yellow with a reddish stigma.
Notocactus submammulosus. Distinguished by long yellow flowers.
Notocactus crowned. Has dark green skin. It blooms profusely and the flower petals are yellow.
Growing conditions and plant care
For growing notocactus, it is necessary to provide good lighting. It is better to place the plant pot on a window facing south or southeast. However, excessive lighting can be too detrimental to the flowering of notocactus.
The most optimal air temperature is approximately 25-380C. In addition, constant ventilation should be ensured.
When growing this plant, you need to take into account the fact that it does not tolerate complete dryness. As a rule, it is watered twice a month during the cold season and once a week during the warm season.
In addition, you need regular feeding for notocactus. For this, various fertilizers are used, which contain a sufficiently large amount of potassium compounds.
The predominant number of notocactus species reproduce by sowing seeds, and some may form small lateral processes.
Reproduction by seeds is carried out in early spring. First, they are soaked in a solution of manganese, and then sown in a substrate (coarse-grained sand, rotted leaf earth, charcoal). The pot is covered with glass and placed in a warm, ventilated and bright place.
Picking is carried out after about two months. This procedure requires caution. Sowing is watered only with boiled water.
Diseases and pests
Notocactus is often attacked by root mealybugs or scale insects. To protect against these and other pests, the plant can be sprayed several times a year with a weak solution of insecticide.
And for those who like to know more, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the video about notocactus