This plant is decorative with its leaves, extending on long petioles from a short stem, forming a rosette. The leaves are large, elongated, in different species they can have a length of 10-50 to 80 cm. Palisota blooms with small pinkish or white flowers with protruding bracts collected in inflorescences resembling an ear. In winter, very spectacular fruits are formed, collected in spherical clusters. Most often, the fruits are bright red, but there are varieties with white or blue berries.
In culture, the most common is the bracts, recognizable by a wide whitish strip along the middle vein of the leaf. Less common are Barther’s rose and Mann’s roseback.
Palisots are quite rare plants in culture, grown more often in ground greenhouses under the canopy of large plants. They grow slowly, increasing the diameter of the rosette by 10-15 cm per year.
In room conditions, these plants are beneficial in that they can occupy poorly lit places. The main enemies of the palisota are waterlogging, dry air, too bright lighting. But with proper care, the plant will please with beautiful, healthy foliage and bright, attractive winter fruits.
For, palisota requires a rich, well-drained and breathable soil. A substrate for terrestrial orchids or a mixture of the following composition is well suited: turf earth: leafy earth: sand (1: 3: 1). The reaction of the soil should be from slightly acidic to neutral.
Since the root system of the palisota is superficial and weak, which is why it does not take root well after transplantation, it is best to grow it in the soil of the greenhouse. Potted specimens are transplanted into wide containers, and as rarely as possible (once every 3-4 years), by transshipment, with minimal damage to the root system. The pot is selected “with a margin” to provide the plant with living space between transplants. Large specimens are grown as floor-standing tub plants.
palisota is a shade-loving plant, in nature it grows in the lower tier of tropical forests. But in room conditions, it requires more light. It is placed on the windows of the eastern or western direction, successfully grown on the northern ones. On the southern windows, constant good shading is required, for example, blinds, or placement up to 2 meters from the window, and not the window sill, because the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight. palisota easily tolerates partial shade, but with a lack of light, the variegation of varieties is lost.
During the period of active growth, from spring to autumn, the plant is kept at a temperature of +20… +25°. From October, it is desirable to reduce the temperature to +16… +20°. The plant should be protected from cold drafts.
A rain forest plant, the rosewood requires abundant moisture. From spring to autumn, it is watered generously, but do not allow soaking, draining excess water from the pallet. The soil between waterings should partially dry out, but complete drying should not be allowed. In the autumn-winter period, water less often, while maintaining the same principles. Water during watering should not fall into the center of the outlet.
palisota grows well with an air humidity of at least 50%. You can increase the humidity of the air by filling the pallet with wet claydite, or daily spraying the plant with warm settled water. Hard water leaves ugly streaks on the leaves. It is good if instead of these measures a household humidifier is used.
palisota loves good food. It must be fed twice a month with a complex mineral fertilizer for indoor plants with trace elements in half dosage. With the onset of the dormant period, fertilizing is not applied.
In the autumn-winter period (from October to February), when there is not enough natural light, the air temperature is maintained at + 16 … + 20 ° C. Water less often, while not allowing the lump to dry out, fertilizing is canceled. Choose a bright place, because the intensity of natural light falls.
only necessary if you plan to cut the rosewood. After pruning, the plant will produce daughter rosettes.
All parts of the plant are toxic due to the high content of calcium oxalate, when ingested cause inflammation of the organs. Work with the plant should be carried out in gloves, limit access to the plant for children and pets.
Of the pests, spider mites and mealybugs are most likely, especially when the air is dry.
Propagation of palisota
palisota is propagated by cuttings, division of rhizomes, less often – by seeds.
Cut the rosette close to the base and root in water. With the appearance of the rudiments of the roots, transplant into the ground.
Division of rhizomes
is carried out during transplantation. In this case, you need to try to damage the roots as little as possible, otherwise the divisions do not take root well. Reproduction by division is not always possible, the divisions can die.
Seeds germinate fresh in soil containing 30% perlite or coarse sand, at a temperature of + 22 … + 24 ° C and high humidity (i.e. in a greenhouse). With germination, small plants are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 7 cm.
Possible problems when growing rosewood
- The tips of the leaves dry out – due to dry air or too bright lighting.
- The leaves are hanging – due to insufficient watering. Immerse the pot in water so that the soil is soaked in water. After that, water regularly.
Types of Palisota
The genus Palisota belongs to the commelinaceae family and unites 25 species of plants native to sub-Saharan Africa.
The genus bears the name of the French botanist and naturalist Ambroise Palicot de Beauvois (1752-1820), who brought a specimen of the plant to Paris from an African expedition at the end of the XVIII century.
These are herbaceous plants. The stem is simple or missing. The leaves are basal or in pseudo-whorls, pubescent at a young age, densely covered with glandular hairs along the edge. The inflorescences are solitary (less often 2-3), are terminal and sometimes sinus thyrsi, elongated or dense. Flowers with three sepals and three petals, white, sometimes with a pink or bluish tinge, small, reverse-ovate. The fruits are unopened, fleshy or juicy, often purple or red, with 2 seeds in each chamber, less often with one or many seeds.
Some species are grown as indoor and greenhouse plants, all of them are rare plants, the most common is the bracts.
It is native to West and Central Africa, naturalized in Trinidad and Tobago. It grows in rain forests.
Stemless evergreen plant with a simple rhizome and rosette of leaves 30-50 cm high Leaves up to 80 cm long and 20 cm wide, green, with a fairly wide cream stripe along the central vein, with a slightly wavy edge. The flowers are pinkish or white. The fruit is red, covered with hairs.
is from West and Central Africa. A perennial evergreen herbaceous plant with underground rhizomes, 30-90 cm high, forms a rosette of leaves of oblong or ovate-lanceolate shape on petioles up to 20 cm long, with long pointed tips and hairy edges, 25-60 cm long and up to 22 cm wide, thick green in color, with a light central vein. The inflorescence on the peduncle is shorter than the petioles, cymose, straight, compact, cylindrical, 4-10 cm long, consists of small bisexual three-membered flowers of white color with a purple blush. The fruits are red berries with several seeds.
(Palisota mannii) – grows in the mountains of tropical Africa (from Nigeria to Tanzania), at altitudes of 600-900 m above sea level.
The leaves are large, broadly lanceolate, up to 35 cm long and 11 cm wide, the upper ones are shorter, light green, glossy, with a clear veining at the bottom and a wavy edge. The inflorescence is apical, multi-flowered, in the form of an oblong cylindrical head. The fruits are red.