Orchids have long occupied an honorable place not only in homes, but also in the hearts of true connoisseurs of beauty. A compact rosette on which one or two arrows are located, where inflorescences bloom for a long time of incredible beauty – this is the favorite orchid. Many different colors are able to combine or complement each other, turning a popular plant into a new species, making collectors nervous to replenish their collections with a rare novelty.
It is such a novelty, the goal of most collectors is the Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum, which attracts attention because of its unusual and unique color. What is this popular species of Pafiopedilum, and also, what are its features of cultivation? Let’s find out.
What is Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum?
Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum is an incredible beauty of the orchid, which is named after the main patron of all gardening and orchids in particular in its homeland – Borneo. This plant successfully grows throughout the island, but the northern part of the Malaysian island is especially attractive to the magnificent flower. You can meet the “beauty” on the not too large slopes of Mount Kinabaluk. Despite the lack of flat terrain, this type of orchid prefers a deciduous litter that is located on limestone rocks. The uniqueness of The Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum is that it feels comfortable, both in shady and sunny terrain at the foot of mountain water flows.
In the natural environment, Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum gets used to different temperature fluctuations, because an extreme heat of 33 degrees can be replaced by a significant drop in temperature to 9-10 degrees – these are extreme indicators, but most often even in winter the temperature can exceed 20 degrees, although the average nighttime is mainly at around +15.
The external data of Paphiopedilum Rothschild are so attractive that they will not leave anyone indifferent. The plant itself with its ground part is considered compact and not too large, because the average height is equal to half a meter, although deviations in growth are possible, both in plus and in minus. This species of orchid does not have a pseudobulb. The deciduous mass is impressive since the average length of one leaf is equal to the height of the plant itself and is about half a meter. The width of each leaf can be 4-5 cm. The color scheme of the leaves is not the same, because you can find Paphiopedilum Rothschild, both with rich green and with a green-yellow tint, but always with a slight redness at the foot, due to pronounced red hairs. If the plant falls under direct sunlight, it seems that the foliage is almost completely yellow.
Each plant is able to produce one or more peduncles, the length of which can vary from 40 to 70 cm. Often the appearance of a peduncle is possible only on the growths of a formed adult plant two years ago. On these peduncles, incredible beauty and size of inflorescences are formed, of which there will be from two to four on one arrow. The diameter of each flower is from 10 to 13 cm, so the flowering period is impressive, since most often all the inflorescences bloom at the same time. The color scheme is not the same, for which the Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum is valued all over the world. The upper part of the inflorescence is a sepal of ovally elongated shape with sharp tips, often has a flat-green color, which is compared with pale, and there is also a beige-cream and rich yellow shade, which are well combined with purple stripes – the main feature of Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum.
The lower part of the inflorescence is also expressed by the sepal, which is very similar to the upper, although it is significantly inferior in size. The color scheme of the petals themselves has an incredibly beautiful combination of shades of ivory and yellow, on which brown “veins” may be present, but the base of each petal is marked with a small but dark spot, which creates an attractive contrast. The surface of the petal is not smooth, but with a fairly pronounced waviness, as well as the presence of “cilia” that densely fill the entire perimeter. It is such unusual, but, at the same time, very attractive data that this unique species of orchids have.
How to grow Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum at home?
In order for your home to be decorated with an amazing and rare orchid, it should not only be found and bought, optimal conditions should be created for it so that it constantly pleases with its incredible beauty.
- Good location. In order for Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum to feel good and comfortable in your home, it should create the most similar conditions to which it is accustomed. The place should be chosen on the windowsill, where there is enough light, bright light is a huge bonus for growing, so feel free to place the beauty on the windowsill of the southern window.
- The quality of lighting is the key to successful flowering. It is from the correct and sufficient lighting that the frequency and duration of flowering of a unique species of orchid depends. Experts believe that with constant shade, flowering is possible but rare. Another thing, if the plant will be well lit for the maximum part of the day so that the foliage looks almost yellow, then the flower will thank you with its flowering. It is worth noting that as soon as the orchid peduncle has released, it is worth lowering the roller blinds and shading the plant, then the color scheme of the shades of the inflorescence will be even brighter and of extraordinary beauty. Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum responds very positively to ventilation
- Temperature. The orchid is very fond of heat, so do not take the concept of “winter” quite literally. It is necessary to reduce the air temperature, but not critically, not lower than +20 in the daytime. Night is a time of rest, so it is believed that even in the summer you can lower the thermometer. The optimal temperature in summer is 27-28 degrees above zero.
- Soil composition, or where Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum grows best. Of course, all types of orchids can not grow in ordinary soil, they need a special substrate that would retain enough moisture for a long time, but, at the same time, did not get wet much. Experts say that you can enrich the purchased substrate with sphagnum. This recommendation is very relevant for rooms where the humidity level is quite low. It is best to fill the substrate with a ceramic pot, which will become a reliable “home” for the orchid, since when growing, plastic analogues may not withstand the pressure of the plant and turn over, which is completely excluded with ceramics.
- Transplant – the necessary procedure or not? Of course, the plant needs to be transplanted, and this is evidenced by the beginning of the decomposition of the substrate. At the first signs, you can safely carry out a planned procedure regardless of the time of year, although if it is a cold period, the orchid will recover as quickly as possible before the summer.
- Organization of watering. Orchids should be watered in the same way as classical relatives – by pouring water into a pallet, since this method will always maintain moderate moisture of the substrate, but, at the same time, it will not get wet, which should not be allowed. Periodically let the soil dry out to prevent decay. The level of humidity in the air is also recommended to be maintained at a high level, then the plant will feel more comfortable.
- How and when to fertilize Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum. A rare type of orchid, as well as the usual beauty, should be fed with special complexes marked “For orchids”. It is best to carry out this procedure when the plant is actively growing. The proportions should be observed according to the recommendations of the fertilizer manufacturer, but the frequency should be observed once every 10 days.
The flowering of Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum – an explanation of the high cost of the plant
The rarity and wonder of this type of orchid is emphasized by its unique flowering. It’s not only about the original colors of the inflorescence, but also about the long wait for the beginning of the first flowering, because experts say that from the seedling to the onset of full flowering can take 10 and 15 years. But further, the growths on which the flower stalks will appear will grow in the orchid every two years, but for full maturation they may need up to 5 years. That is why Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum is considered one of the most expensive plants during flowering, because this event is unique and many collectors are ready to pay $ 5,000 or more for a flowering orchid of this species.
Everyone can grow such beauty at home, adhering to the recommendations for care, but not many people can wait for a full flowering, so it is not for nothing that Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum is considered a flower for the chosen.