Pavonia is a flowering plant belonging to the Malvaceae family. The genus consists of about 200 species and originates from tropical regions of Africa, America, Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands.
Pavonia is a very beautiful evergreen shrub with pubescent or bare erect shoots, reaching one meter or more in length. Her leaves are oval, painted in dark green. Small red or pink flowers are located at the ends of the shoots.
Types of pavonia
- Pavonia Multiflorous grows naturally in Brazil and is a low-branched, very often single-stemmed shrub with elongated leaves 15-20 cm long, about 6 wide. The leaves have frequent serrations along the edge, the inside is rough. The corolla of the flower is deep red from the inside, purple inside, the bract is bright red. This species blooms for a long time and profusely, from September to May.
- Lance Pavonia, originally from Australia, is a spreading shrub up to one meter high with dark green serrated, pointed leaves up to 6 cm long. This species blooms with white or pink flowers 5 cm in diameter, red in mid-summer and autumn.
Temperature and lighting – pavonia is one of the most sun-loving plants. Only well-lit places are suitable for her, she will not suffer from direct rays of the sun. In winter, it must be supplemented.
The temperature needs to be high all year round. In summer, the pavonia will feel comfortable at 18-22 degrees, in winter – at 18. Make sure that the temperature does not drop below 15 degrees. The plant will withstand higher temperatures, but if you observe the temperature regime, it will bloom almost all year.
Air humidity and watering
Pavonia needs moderate watering and spraying. They should be sufficient, but not excessive. You will have to adapt to the requirements of the plant – you need to water it regularly, and in hot weather more often, after waiting for the topsoil to dry well. But in no case should the soil be allowed to dry out.
The plant is also sprayed in moderation – the pavonia does not like both dry air and excessive moisture. Spray it only with warm, settled water, trying not to get on the flowers. In winter, keeping it close to central heating radiators is strictly contraindicated!
Fertilization and feeding
From spring to autumn, diluted twice as much as recommended by universal fertilizers for flowering plants every 3-4 weeks. If the plant blooms in the fall or winter, give it phosphate fertilizer once a month.
Soil and replanting
It is best to plant the pavonia in clay pots with a good drainage layer. The primer is suitable for universal, moisture and water permeability. It is necessary to transplant the plant after it has braided the entire earthen lump using the transshipment method.
Flowering and pruning
Pavonia, with proper care, can bloom almost all year long, and very abundantly. If you keep it not in the most illuminated place, the flowering will be poor, and when you move a plant with buds to a less illuminated place, it may well throw them off.
Pruning pavonia is a must. It tends to stretch out and a beautiful compact bush can only be obtained with regular pruning, which is done immediately after flowering. After pruning, watering is stopped until new leaves or shoots appear.
Reproduction of pavonia
Indoors, pavonia can only be propagated by apical cuttings taken in spring or summer. They are rooted using phytohormones at a temperature of 30-35 degrees, and the cuttings are treated with growth hormones throughout the entire rooting period, and it lasts for months. The percentage of rooted cuttings is very small, moreover, most often independently obtained plants grow in one stem and the appearance of lateral shoots is difficult to achieve even with constant pruning.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
- When pests appear, pavonia is treated with an insecticide.
- The plant may well shed its buds if there is a lack of light, nutrients and heat.
- The buds will not even appear during hot wintering, lack of light, improper watering and excess nitrogen fertilizers.
- With poor watering, the leaves will droop, they can dry out and fall off.
- Chlorosis is possible when watering with hard water.