Polyscias belongs to plants from the Araliev family, has a decorative beautiful green mass of leaves. The birthplace of Polyscias is considered to be shady and humid forests in Tropical Asia, islands in the Pacific Ocean, and Madagascar. The branches of this shrub are smooth, the plant itself belongs to the category of evergreens. This plant is distinguished by a wide variety of leaf colors. They are different not only in shape but also in shades and colors. This plant blooms with inconspicuous flowers, which are collected in panicles-inflorescences.
Caring for the Polyscias at home
Location and lighting
Caring for a Polyscias has its own characteristics. Lighting should be bright and diffused, or there should be a slight partial shade. If the house has a variegated look of the plant, then he needs brighter lighting and partial shade he will not be comfortable enough. In winter, as in summer, the plant requires a good level of illumination.
In spring and summer, it will be optimal to keep the plant at a temperature of about 20 degrees. As the air temperature rises, the humidity of the air must also increase. In winter, the Polyscias will feel good at temperatures from 17 to 20 degrees. It is important to avoid placing the plant near heating appliances. The plant constantly needs fresh air, so it is important to ventilate the room at least once a day. But it is also worth protecting the plant from drafts.
Polyscias does not tolerate dry air, therefore, in order to maintain an optimal moisture level, the plant must be regularly sprayed with settled water at room temperature. For additional moisture evaporation, you can place a container with water next to the plant, and put the pot itself in a tray with wet expanded clay or sand. However, the bottom of the pot should not touch the water. From time to time, the leaves of the plant can be bathed under a warm shower.
Polyscias is watered sparingly, namely when the topsoil dries up. In winter, watering is reduced; 2-3 days should pass from the moment the top layer dries. Only then can the soil be moistened.
For the optimal composition of the soil, leaf, turf, peat, humus and sand are taken in equal parts.
Topdressing and fertilizers
It is necessary to fertilize the plant during the period of its active growth, namely in spring and summer. The frequency of top dressing is 2 times a month. In the fall and winter, the Polyscias are usually not fed.
A young plant needs an annual transplant, but an adult plant needs to be transplanted once every 2-3 years. A generous layer of drainage is placed on the bottom of the pot. The plant can be successfully grown hydroponically.
Reproduction of the Polyscias
It is quite difficult to propagate the Polyscias since the cuttings take root long enough and are difficult. Reproduction is usually carried out in the spring. It is important to understand that the most difficult task will be to achieve the appearance of its own root system from the cutting.
For this, the cut stalk is treated with activated carbon and dried at room temperature. Next, the cutting is placed in a mixture of peat and sand, and covered with glass on top, thus creating greenhouse conditions. Contain cuttings at a temperature of 25 degrees. Periodically, the greenhouse is ventilated, and the earth is moistened. Rooting usually takes place after 30 days.
Diseases and pests
The main pest enemies of the Polyscias are scale insects, aphids and mealybugs. With any changes in the environment that are unfavorable for the plant, it immediately sheds its leaves. Also, in dry air, the leaves of the Polyscias become brown.
Popular types of Polyscias with photos
Is an evergreen shrub with large lobed leaves with a white border and white spots around the edges. The leaves are large – about 7 cm in diameter.
Is the opposite of the Polyscias balfouriana variety. This shrub is also evergreen, but its leaves are with serrated edges, oblong, pinnate. The border on the leaves is either white or yellow.
Shrub Polyscias (Polyscias fruticosa)
Is a fern-like plant, evergreen. The leaves are double- or triple-pinned, and each young shoot has lentils. The shape of the leaves ranges from lanceolate to round. Flowering, like other species, is not particularly beautiful. The flowers are inconspicuous, white, collected in panicle inflorescences.
Is an evergreen shrub of low height. Leaves are light green, dissected, feathery. The length of the leaf is from 15 to 20 cm.
Polyscias fern (Polyscias filicifolia)
Is a shrub with long pinnately dissected leaves. Refers to evergreens. The length of the leaf varies from 30 to 50 cm, in appearance this Polyscias can be confused with a fern.
Polyscias helmet (Polyscias scutellaria)
Is an evergreen shrub that is characterized by a special trunk structure – a thick main trunk resembling a bonsai, and the side branches are thin and erect. The leaves of a young plant are rounded, and of a mature one they consist of three leaves. The border around the edges of the leaves is white.
The Polyscias plant is part of the Araliaceae family. In nature, it can be found in Southeast Asia, as well as on the islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. This genus unites more than 100 species, and most of them are cultivated at home. The closest relatives of this plant are ivy, fatsia and their hybrid varieties: trevesia, oreopanax and tetrapanax.