Representatives of the genus Rhynchostylis are represented by only six plant species and belong to the orchid family. They are found in southeast Asia, the Philippines and Indonesia. The name is associated with the appearance of the reproductive organ, which has a specific shape. Rhynchostylis has Greek roots and literally translates as “beak”.
The rhynchostylis plant is characterized by a monopodial type, which means that it has only one vertically located stem. As they grow, the lower leaves begin to die off and eventually fall off. In the sinus region, aerial roots are formed. They are distinguished by a strong structure, and the outer surface is covered with a thick layer of velamen.
The leaves have a rich dark green color and are distinguished by a fairly tight fit to the shoot. The belt-shaped plates are thick and hard to the touch, and the tip looks like it has been chopped off. Peduncles begin to form from the location of the lower leaf axils. They form multi-flowered inflorescences, which are concentrated in large clusters. The shape of the flowers is round and they are small in size, and when flowering, rhynchostylis exudes a fragrant aroma. In diameter, they usually do not exceed 2 centimeters and have 3 broadly oval sepals.
The angle of the sepals is about 120 degrees. Real petals grow in pairs so that each of them is opposite the other. Compared to the sepals, they differ in their shorter length and width, but they have the same color. The third real petal is characterized by contrasting color and a perpendicular arrangement with respect to the calyx. It has a spatulate shape and a dissected edge, which is sometimes crenate.
Rhynchostylis orchid care at home
Orchid rhynchostylis does not require special and complex care at home. For normal development and growth, it is enough to control a constant temperature, humidity and light indicators.
Location and lighting
Rhinchostilis belongs to the category of light-loving plants, so experts recommend choosing a sunny place. In this case, it is necessary to exclude direct rays on the shoots. To avoid burns, it is better to shade them during the period of solar activity. Too bright lighting will lead to the fact that the sheet plates will begin to change color. A sign of trouble is the appearance of a reddish tint in them, but after placing the plant in a shaded area, the leaves turn green again.
The formation of the peduncle occurs under the condition that sufficient lighting is provided. An important role belongs to the duration of daylight hours, which should be year-round from 10 to 12 hours. In connection with this feature, in winter it is required to provide additional illumination with the help of special lamps for plants.
Features of the temperature regime
Orchid rhynchostylis needs to maintain a moderately warm temperature regime. An important condition is the provision of daily differences in indicators. At night, values from 17 to 20 °C are taken as the norm, and during the day they should vary from 22 to 28 ° C. The overall temperature difference should be kept around 5 °C.
The orchid does not need to prepare a special substrate, as it is able to grow and feel great on a block with open roots. As a fixture, a piece of pine bark is often used, on which the stem base and root system are fixed. It is permissible to use lattice baskets made of plastic or natural wood for growing a flower. A mandatory requirement for such options is to provide a draft of the holes necessary for the free germination of root segments through them.
Watering rhynchostylis is carried out by completely immersing the root formations in a container, which is pre-filled with water. The water temperature should be between 30 and 40°C. The orchid can be returned to its permanent place of cultivation only after the complete rash of the leaf sinuses. If necessary, excess fluid is removed using improvised means. Neglecting such a recommendation is fraught with rotting of the bases of the leaf plates.
The rhynchostylis flower needs increased levels of indoor air humidity. The range from 60 to 65% is considered optimal for growth. To maintain this regime, it is necessary to carry out regular spraying or use a steam household generator. When choosing the second option, the air jet should be directed to the roots of the plant.
Soil fertilization work is carried out from March to the end of November. Top dressing of the orchid rhynchostylis is done 1 time with a frequency of 2-3 weeks. For these purposes, it is required to use special complexes for orchids. The solution is prepared taking into account taking a dose in the amount of ½ of the norm, recommended in the manufacturer’s instructions. Fertilizers should be diluted in water that is intended for watering or spraying the plant.
Being in the air
Being in the air provides the plant with the temperature differences necessary for growth. In this case, you should choose places where the requirements for humidity indicators will be met.
An orchid can bloom in any month. In connection with this feature, the plant does not need to specifically provide periods of rest and rest.
Reproduction of the orchid rhynchostylis
At home, the rhynchostylis orchid cannot be propagated. In rare cases, the formation of a baby is possible on the shoot. In such a situation, it should be carefully separated from the mother plant, but only after the appearance of air roots. In conditions of industrial production, a flower is grown by cloning or seeds are used for this purpose.
Diseases and pests
Putrefactive formations quite often appear on the plant. A similar problem is directly related to excessive waterlogging of rhynchostylis. Often, due to insufficient watering, drying of the roots is observed.
The lack of flowering can be due to a large number of reasons that are associated with the neglect of the rules of care. In most cases, the source of problems is low air humidity, lack or excess of watering, low illumination in the growing area.
Types of rhynchostylis orchids with a photo
Two varieties of rhynchostylis orchid are popular among gardeners.
The flower has an impressive size. The leaves have a fleshy structure, the width of each plate is 5-6 cm, the length can reach 40 cm. Flowering occurs in the autumn-winter period. Dense cylindrical inflorescences are formed on the peduncle, capable of reaching a length of 40 cm. They consist of flowers with small spurs, the number of which can vary from 20 to 60 pieces. The diameter of each is about 2.5 cm. At the base of the flower, the petals and sepals are narrowed, which leads to the formation of tomorrow between them. The lateral lobes of the three-lobed lip are strongly elevated.
The orchid on the Europa market is represented by two varieties. One has white leaves. On the second, small purple-pink spots form. The lip is characterized by exactly the same shade.
Rhynchostylis blunt (Rhynchostylis retusa)
The leaves of the flower are smaller than those of the giant rhynchostylis. The peduncle is longer and can reach 60 cm. In the inflorescences there may be up to 100 small flowers, the diameter of which is 2 cm. A pair of large rounded sepals is located below. Narrow petals are superimposed on them, as a result, a whole cup without gaps is formed. The flowers are light pink in color. The lip has the same delicate color. The process of their formation of inflorescences begins at the end of winter and can continue until the beginning of the spring period.