Sanchezia has very decorative foliage with thick yellow veins on a green background and long inflorescences – ears, the color of which is given mainly by bright bracts – modified leaves.
As a tropical plant, sanchezia requires a humid, warm ambient air and mottled shade. In its natural habitat, the plant is located under the canopy of the rainforest and is protected from the hottest sun. The rich humic soils of the undergrowth are always moist, large trees trap dew and water flowing down to the ground. We can say that the air is filled with real steam from nutrients and moisture. Close to these conditions and you need to try to create a plant in the house. But this works best in a tropical greenhouse.
Home care of sanchezia
Caring for a sanchezia is very simple.
For sanchezia, it is permissible to use a ready-made universal soil and a specialized one for flowering plants containing perlite. It can be composed independently in the following proportions: turf land: leaf land: sand (1: 3: 1). Acidity should be in the range from acidic to neutral (pH 5.5-7.5).
The plant should only be repotted if it outgrows its pot. The transplant is carried out by the transshipment method at the beginning of spring.
Sanchezia works best in slightly shaded places, on window sills with diffused light, west and east orientation, or in a room near a window. It also grows in full sun on the southern windows, if there is protection from midday rays. Direct sunlight causes burns on the leaves.
The optimum temperature for keeping this plant is between + 18 … + 22 ° C in the spring and summer. If the temperature is too high, the sanchezia fades. In winter, the temperature should be slightly lower, up to + 20 ° C, due to the lack of natural light. The minimum temperature that the plant can tolerate is close to + 10 ° C. The sanchezia should be protected from cold drafts.
Should be abundant, but with the topmost soil layer drying out between watering. In winter, they water it a little less often if the air temperature is low, after waiting a couple of days after the top layer of the substrate in the pot has dried. Excessive moisture and poor drainage will lead to root rot.
Air humidity for sanchezia
It is very important, it should be at least 60%. The plant is placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay and sprayed 2 times a day. A household humidifier can work well, but the humid air should not be directed directly at the plant.
Is applied 2 times a month in a half dose. A complex organo-mineral fertilizer is used for flowering plants. In winter, they feed them occasionally.
The dormant period
In Sanchezia is forced, due to the reduced illumination in the autumn-winter period (from October to February). It is almost not pronounced, so they only slightly lower the temperature and slightly reduce watering.
Sanchezia blooms in spring and summer.
Sanchezia grows quickly and responds well to pruning, which will help keep it compact enough for indoor use and good leafy. The best time to prune is after flowering.
Pests and diseases
The plant may be damaged by spider mites, aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs.
Reproduction of sanchezia
Sanchezia is easily propagated by stem cuttings, both green and semi-lignified. Apical cuttings 7-15 cm long are rooted in the spring, when new foliage is formed. You can use the fragments left over from summer pruning on cuttings.
The lower leaves are removed from the cutting and the lower cut is powdered before planting with Kornevin. Rooted in a greenhouse in a mixture of coarse sand and peat in equal proportions, at a substrate temperature of + 20 … + 25 ° C and high humidity. Cuttings are ready to be potted when they have developed thick root bases.
Cuttings can also be rooted in water, changing it often.
Types of sanchezia
The genus Sanchezia brings together 54 species of plants native to South and Central America. Belongs to the Acanthus family. The habitats of these plants are low, humid areas in tropical forests.
Combined with other views – a lovely Sanchez (Sanchezia speciosa). Comes from the humid forests of Peru and Ecuador. Naturalized on many islands in the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean and Central America.
It is a small, evergreen dwarf shrub from 1.3 to 2.4 m in height. Stems are smooth, bright green to purple in color. Leaves are opposite, large, up to 26 cm long, lanceolate, green, with well-defined yellow veins. The plant is commonly known as the Gold-veined Shrub. The flowers are yellow, tubular, with red bracts, about 5 cm long, located in the apical inflorescences 15-35 cm high, 6-10 each. Hummingbirds are pollinated. Fruits are oblong capsules with 6-8 round, compressed seeds. They are rarely tied.
Shall grow in South and Central America (Puerto Rico, Belize, Costa Rico, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay).
It is an upright shrub up to 2 m tall. Stems are tetrahedral. Leaves are opposite, large, oval, up to 25 cm long and 7 cm wide, glossy, green, with whitish tips and a reddish base, veins from white to yellow. Flowers are collected in apical inflorescences; bracts are bright red, flowers are up to 15 mm longer than bracts; corolla, tubular, protruding, yellow; 2 stamens protrude from the flower, 2 others are hidden in the corolla.