Schefflera arboricola is a very ornamental plant with an abundance of foliage. It looks picturesque in home gardens or in rooms with panoramic windows and is quite unpretentious. For this, the Schefflera arboricola can be recommended even to novice growers.
This tropical plant is found naturally in South America, Southeast Asia and Africa. In the culture of European floriculture Schefler, the tree has been cultivated since the 20th century and is highly revered by many gardeners for its simplicity and elegance.
Schefflera arboricola belongs to the Araliev family (lat. Araliaceae) and is a perennial climbing plant. It has beautiful and unusual in shape, finger-dissected leaves with seven or more fingers.
In shape, they resemble an umbrella, and therefore the Schefflera tree is sometimes called an umbrella tree.
The leaves can be green in color or thinned with white and yellow streaks. In natural conditions, the plant blooms with small white flowers. After that, bunches of berries appear.
The plant should be watered sparingly and the soil should be slightly damp. It is highly undesirable for the earth to be overdried, but Schefflera tree can withstand this, but waterlogging can end with blackened and fallen leaves.
Water for irrigation must be soft and settled, otherwise, white spots will remain on the leaves.
In hot weather, the space around the plant must be sprayed with a fine spray gun. When dust accumulates on the leaves, they must be wiped off with a damp cloth.
Lighting and temperature
However, it is better not to choose the north side for variegated varieties, otherwise, the pattern will lose its brightness and intensity.
Schefflera arboricola grows well in air-conditioned rooms and in well-ventilated areas. However, you should not put the plant under cold air jets.
Despite the fact that the plant is native to warm countries, a southern window will not work for it. On particularly hot days, burns may appear on the leaves. However, if there is no other place for the plant, you can put it on the table next to the south window.
Location in the shade , in the back of the room, will not work, because in such conditions the Schefflera arboricola can wither away. The ideal tree temperature for Schefflera is + 17 + 22 ° С. This temperature may deviate slightly.
Humidity and watering
In the summer, it is also important to maintain fairly high humidity. To maintain a fairly high humidity, the plant must be placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay.
Watering for Schefflera arboricola should be moderate and regular. This rule applies to the summer period when it is actively growing. In winter, these rates slow down, and therefore watering is naturally reduced. If the temperature in the apartment is the same as in summer, then the spraying should be the same.
Soil and fertilizer
Young plants are planted in a large pot. Mature plants need to be replanted every 2-3 years. For this, use soil suitable for palm trees or universal.
The soil should be well permeable to air because stagnant water in the pot will provoke root rot. And first, a thick layer of drainage is arranged at the bottom of the pot.
The plant propagates by cuttings or seeds. At home, the easiest way is to choose cuttings. Before planting, the soil must warm up to 22 ° C. The best option is a small greenhouse with bottom heating. Seedlings must be ventilated and well sprayed. When the cuttings are well rooted, they are planted in small pots and placed in a well-lit area.
The seeds are planted to a depth of 10-15 cm and placed in a greenhouse or under a film. Periodically they need to be ventilated and sprayed. When the first two pairs of true leaves appear, you can transplant the shoots into large containers.
Diseases and pests
Schefflera arboricola very resistant plant, but sometimes, with regular violation of the rules for caring for the plant, you can observe the appearance of signs of a non-infectious nature.
Brown spots appear on the leaves, this is a consequence of excessive watering. Pimples may form on the back of the leaves. This is dropsy that forms from over-watering.
If the air humidity in the room with Schefflera is too dry, then a scabbard or spider mite may start. Parasites are removed with a cotton swab dipped in 5% soap solution. Then the plant is treated with drugs of chemical or biological origin.
And for those who like to know more, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the video about Schefflera arboricola