Sinningia

Sinningia

Sinningia is an exotic beauty who’s “ancestors” adorned the forests of South and Central America. Today it acts as a “highlight” of home flower beds and winter gardens. What types of plants are most common in indoor floriculture and how to properly grow Sinningia at home, we will consider in the article.

Sinningia: a variety of species

Sinningia is a perennial herbaceous plant that forms rosettes from leaves planted on short petioles. The egg-shaped leaf plates have a dark green tint. The shape, size and color of the buds, depending on the variety, can be the most diverse. There are plants with flowers, in which the petals have a simple shape or corrugated edges, with buds pointing up or pointing down. The color palette includes dozens of shades, ranging from pinks and purples to blues and purples. Interesting two-color buds, for example, red with a white border.

In flowers that have a simple shape, the corolla visually resembles a six-petal bell, and in hybrids created on their basis, semi-double and terry lush inflorescences. The diameter of the blossoming buds varies from 2.5 cm to 10 cm.

In nature, there are about 65 species of this culture. Most of them received official status only in 2012. Species Sinningia are interesting in a variety of forms. Among them there are miniature beauties up to 2 cm high S. Pusilla, drought-resistant succulents S. Leucotricha, shade-tolerant exotics S. Reitzii…

In indoor floriculture, the most widespread species is Sinningia speciosa – Sinningia is beautiful. Representatives of this species have spectacular buds of bizarre shapes and interesting colors.

Initially, this species was introduced into the culture under the name Speciosa, better known as Gloxinia beautiful. The name was successfully assigned to the exotic. Today, many flower growers mistakenly call Speciosa the name of Gloxinia. In fact, the plants are very different:

  • Sinningia has tuberous roots;
  • Gloxinia – scaly rhizomes.

Today, hybrids of Sinningia are often found on sale, presented by manufacturers as grown from Gloxinia seeds. Plants created by breeders solely for the sake of gorgeous buds have a weak root system, and therefore, after a dormant period, they die without recovering.

Sinningia speciosa
Sinningia speciosa

No less interesting are the representatives of the species Sinningia leucotricha  White-haired Sinningia. All of them have large, visually resembling balls trunks. The diameter of the caudex can reach 20 cm. During the growing season, fleshy stems of a light green hue appear on the above-ground thickening of the culture. The tops of the stems are decorated with leaves collected in rosettes. Due to such an unusual structure, the white-haired Sinningia is very reminiscent of a miniature palm tree. The main “highlight” of the representatives of this species is the presence of felt pubescence. Soft white hairs cover the stems, leaves and even the buds of the plant.

The best varieties of exotic beauty

The number of hybrids and varieties of exotic beauty is so diverse that flower growers divided them into several groups to simplify the task. The key parameter is the shape of the flower. For example, the Tidea group combines varieties with corollas having an expanded base and a concave top. The “Compact” group includes small-sized plants, the diameter of the leaves of which does not exceed an ordinary coin.

Depending on the size of the rosettes, Sinningia are divided into 4 groups:

  • microminiature – up to 5 cm high;
  • miniature – up to 12.5 cm high;
  • compact – up to 20 cm high;
  • standard – more than 20 cm.

Miniature and microminiature varieties are characterized by shortened stems of leaf blades. The annual growth of plants is achieved due to the appearance of new rows of leaves, which, like an umbrella, partially cover the previous ones. Ampelous forms look very interesting. So varieties “Deep purple” and “Tinkerbells” are beneficial in the sense that they are easily formed, quickly grow green mass and at the same time bloom continuously.

Sinningia Deep purple
Sinningia Deep purple

The most decorative varieties are famous for:

  • Treva’s Treasure – bushes with medium-sized oval leaves and double tubular flowers. The pattern of the petals, painted in light lavender color, is complemented by dark lilac-violet “strokes” and “streams”.
  • Ozark First Born – has small ovoid dark green leaves and large pink-purple buds, the petals of which are decorated with contrasting stripes and edging.
  • Ugly Girl is a crop with small quilted leaves that form neat rosettes and delicate salmon pink flowers. The buds are shaped like tiny jugs, the neck of which is decorated with a contrasting white and lilac pattern of dots and stripes.
  • Krezdorn Yellow – bushes with small leaves pierced by a large number of glands, and medium-sized flowers, the petals of which are narrow long ribbons.
  • Orange Zinger – plants with round green leaves forming a compact rosette and expressive tubular buds. The outer part of the petals has a bright orange color, and the inner part is a darker shade with raspberry splashes.
  • Amizade – bushes with pubescent dark green leaves and original tubular flowers. The outer side of the petals is painted purple, the inner “neck” is white, complemented by yellow stripes.
  • Connect the Dots is a crop with dark green, reddish-veined leaves and tubular white flowers profusely speckled with purple-lilac.

The Lisa variety with double white flowers with a wide raspberry-pink border can compete with the crops described above. The variety “Reitzii” looks very interesting with large scarlet flowers hanging in clusters over spreading leaves, “Texas Zebra” with lilac-pink buds decorated with intricate patterns, “Speciosa Pink” with large crimson flowers. The variety “Gabriel’s Horn” has a special charm. It has a double corolla, in which the outer flower is wider and shorter than the inner one.

Basic rules of care

Sinningia is one of the unpretentious care plants. The main exotic beauty is a pronounced change in the phases of growth and rest. The life cycle of culture is subject to periodicity: vegetation, flowering, fruiting, the death of the aerial part, which marks the onset of dormancy. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account a number of key points when growing in Sinningia at home.

During the growing season, crop care includes all the activities that are performed when cultivating any other flowering indoor plant: lighting, humidity, top dressing … During the “hibernation” period, which lasts up to 4 months, the plant is not disturbed.

Soil composition

The crop prefers fertile soil types that give a slightly acidic reaction. The pH parameter should vary within the mark of 5.5-6.5. To create optimal conditions, it is best to use a soil composition based on leafy soil, peat and sand, taken in a ratio of 3:2:1. Landing is carried out in early spring. For cultivation, containers are used, the diameter of which is a couple of centimeters larger than the size of the rosettes of the bushes.

When grown as a perennial crop, Sinningia transplantation is often combined with tuber division. The procedure is performed in several stages:

  1. The tubers, cleaned from the ground, dried for several days, are divided with a sharply sharpened knife into several sections so that each has a pair of eyes – sleeping buds.
  2. Tuber slices are sprinkled with crushed charcoal, ash, or treated with garden pitch, and then left for a couple of hours to “dry out”.
  3. Planting material is placed in containers filled with 2/3 soil composition and equipped with a drained layer of expanded clay, fine gravel or broken bricks.
  4. Planted tubers are covered with a thin layer of earth and watered.

Watering plantings should be moderate. Otherwise, the tubers will quickly rot.


The rapid growth and abundant flowering of the culture will ensure regular feeding. For this purpose, ready-made complex compositions designed for flowering plants are perfect. Top dressing is carried out at least three times a season: when growing green mass, at the stage of bud formation, at the peak of flowering.

Lighting Requirements

Sinningia, like all flowering plants, is demanding of light. The length of daylight hours and the intensity of illumination directly determine not only the contrast of the color of the petals, but also the number of buds that form. With a lack of sunlight, all parts of the bushes are drawn out, and green spots appear on the flowers.

She feels comfortable in bright, but diffused lighting. It is noted that it is in bright light that the contrasting color is most expressively manifested: light shades become almost white, and dark ones acquire black halftones.

It is important to create conditions for the culture so that, in conditions of close proximity, some bushes in pots do not obscure others. When growing Sinningia, they follow the rule – the more light, the more bouquets.

In order to extend the daylight hours to 12-14 hours, it is convenient to use “daylight” lamps or special lighting fixtures to illuminate indoor plants as artificial lighting.

Temperature regime

A heat-loving culture when grown at home is placed in rooms where the ambient temperature ranges from + 15 ° to + 22 ° . It is especially important to maintain optimal temperature conditions during the growing season of the plant – from March to November. In the winter months, the tubers are stored at temperatures ranging from +9° to +12°C. For lack of the ability to maintain a lower temperature during the “hibernation” period, the tubers are stored at room temperature, after carefully pouring them with dry sand.

Sinningia at home

Sinningia does not tolerate stuffiness and dry warm air. Therefore, it is necessary to ventilate the rooms with flowers every day. During ventilation, care should be taken to protect plants from cold air entering the room through the window.

The room where Sinningia is kept must be regularly ventilated. But the plant itself should be protected from drafts. From strong air movements, the leaves lose their color and drop flower buds.

Watering frequency

Sinningia is a moisture-loving culture. She needs regular watering. At the same time, it is not tolerant of moisture stagnation. Excessive dampness is detrimental to beauty tubers.

A key condition for the successful cultivation of Sinningia at home is well-drained soil.

The frequency of watering is determined, focusing on the degree of drying of the upper layer of the earthy coma. To do this, you only need to note for yourself the day when the soil dries up, and after waiting two days, water the plant again.

The fact that the soil has been saturated with moisture for a long time is easy to determine by the appearance of the bush. His petioles and peduncles turn black, and the leaves become soft.

For watering the culture, only water at room temperature that has settled during the day is used. Watering is carried out under the root of the plant, trying not to wet the leaves and peduncles.

In the autumn, when flowering ends and a dormant period begins, the number of waterings is reduced to a couple of times a month. By November, the plant almost completely fades. In winter, containers with roots are watered only once a month, preventing waterlogging of the soil composition.

If the tubers of the plant are moved to sawdust or peat for a dormant period, there is no need for watering at all.

Gloxinia breeding methods

The culture is propagated in three ways: by dividing the bush, by sowing seeds and rooting leaf cuttings. The first method has been described above. Let’s take a closer look at the last two.

Sinningia breeding

Planting seeds

With the seed method of reproduction, planting material is planted in wide bowls in the second half of January. Landings are not sprinkled with earth, but only moistened and covered with glass. For two weeks, until the first shoots appear, the temperature “under glass” is kept within + 22 ° C. After the emergence of seedlings, the plantings are opened, allowing the seedlings to develop freely.

Plants dive for the first time at the stage of the appearance of the first true leaves. The procedure is repeated at the stage of the appearance of the third pair of leaves. Young bushes are planted in a common container, maintaining an equidistant distance of 10-12 cm. As the green mass grows, the bushes are planted in separate pots. With proper care, the first flowering should be expected after 7 months from the moment the seeds are sown.

When choosing a seed propagation method, you should be prepared for the fact that the grown bushes will not transmit their varietal characteristics.

Rooting leaf cuttings

When propagated by leaf cuttings, young leaves are used, cut off during the period of tying the buds. Cuttings are planted in a loose nutrient substrate. Live sphagnum moss is considered the best for rooting. In the absence of such, any available air-moisture-intensive substrate is used. The cuttings are planted without pressure. After deepening the lower part of the cutting, the earth is slightly compacted with a finger.

Sinningia landing

To create a greenhouse effect, plantings are covered with a film or glass.

To stimulate root formation, the soil is kept warm. Placement of landings on sunny windows helps to achieve the effect. It is easiest to protect delicate leaves from scorching rays by covering the plantings with gauze folded in a couple of layers or with a wide bandage.

After four to five weeks, when small sandy-red nodules form at the ends of the petioles, the glass shutter is removed. A container with a young plant is placed on the windowsill, not forgetting to cover it from direct sunlight. Watering is carried out through the pallet, focusing on the degree of drying of the soil.

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