The modest Soleirolia belongs to the category of plants that do not shine with bright beauty but will certainly catch the eye – a hat made of thin stems, strewn with soft green small leaves, stands out against the background of other indoor plants.
The flower is grown at home in flowerpots, pots, florariums, terrariums, it can be rounded by pinching or trimming the tops of the stems. The care is based on natural features – a native of the tropics loves moderation in everything.
Helxine, aka Soleirolia, belongs to the genus Soleirolia of the Nettle family. The genus is represented by one species – Soleirolia. Previously, it belonged to the genus Helxine, therefore the plant is sometimes called in the old way – gelksina, helksina.
The genus owes its name to the traveler and botanist Joseph Soleirol, who described the plant. Due to the peculiar shape of the leaves and flowers, it is called “a child’s tear”, “an angel’s tears”.
The homeland of the herbaceous perennial is the humid forests of Corsica, Sardinia, the coastal regions of the Mediterranean. In the partial shade of trees, bushes, rocks, the grass grows, forming emerald openwork glades. In culture, it is used as a ground cover, a pot plant.
Domestic saline is a short herbaceous bush with creeping flexible thin highly branching stems. Small (5-7 mm) leaves in groups are located along the entire length of the stem, painted in various shades of green, they are golden, grayish. Due to the fragility of the leaves and stems, it is often called duckweed.
In May-June, inconspicuous small (up to 1 mm) white or creamy white flowers appear. The bracts are provided with clinging curled hairs. Flowering is rare, no seeds are formed. Sometimes Soleirolia is confused with Netera – they look alike, but Netera blooms profusely, and in the fall, bright red fruits-berries are formed on it.
Varieties: Aurea (Dold Queen) – the leaves have a golden hue, Argentea (Silver Queen) – the leaves are silvery-gray, Variegata – a white border runs along the edge of the leaf.
Caring for room Soleirolia
Based on the natural habitat, when growing a house, you need to create similar conditions: heat and humidity. Soleirolia does not like excess in anything, its main requirement is moderation.
The flower is often planted in a tub with a palm tree, ficus and other large plants – growing, it takes up free space and an original beautiful composition is obtained. In such a neighborhood, the main plant needs to be watered in smaller volumes, because the ground cover carpet retains moisture well.
It is not recommended to plant together with low-growing crops – Soleirolia can displace them. Can be grown in separate pots of various sizes, in hanging pots, terrariums, florariums. It is believed that it picks up harmful radiation from devices, so it is placed near a computer or TV.
The culture needs fresh air to grow – in a room where it is smoky, there are many impurities in the air, it will not grow.
Pot selection, soil
Any container is suitable for a rapidly growing ground cover, but not very deep. A drainage layer (about 2 cm) must be placed on the bottom, the pot is placed in a convenient tray. When grown in a florarium, a terrarium, a drainage layer of at least 5 cm is also required.
The soil mixture is purchased in the store – the soil is suitable for decorative deciduous plants, violets, palms, or they are prepared independently – leafy earth (3 parts) + sand and black soil (1 part each). You can add a little vermiculite. The mixture turns out to be loose, moisture-consuming, nutritious, not sour.
The nutritional value of the soil is increased by top dressing, which is applied from spring to autumn at intervals of 14-16 days. Fertilizers are used for decorative deciduous plants, peat oxidate growth stimulator.
An excess of light, as well as a lack of it, is destructive for salt release. On the southern window, if shading is not provided, it will die from burns, and in full shade it will look less decorative. It is better to place it where the light is diffused. It can grow under artificial light if necessary.
The optimal temperature regime is 15-22 ° С. Overheating of the soil is detrimental to the root system, therefore, in the heat, watering and shading must be taken care of. It is permissible to lower the temperature to +15 ° С, at +8 ° С the flower will die. Equally destructive is the sharp change in temperature during through-airing in the cold season. In summer, the pot can be taken out onto the balcony or terrace.
Requirements for air humidity and watering
In nature, saltworm grows in the humid lands of tropical forests, in gorges, in crevices of rocks, where there is enough moisture, therefore, when caring for a home, it is important to keep the soil moderately moist. If the clod of earth is allowed to completely dry out, then the plant is unlikely to be restored. Bottom watering is preferable – moisture saturation is slower, evenly. To prevent the pot from standing in the water during bottom watering, pebbles, small pebbles, and crushed brick are poured into the pallet.
The mode and volume of irrigation depend on the ambient temperature – in the heat, they water more often and in larger volumes than in the cool. During the heating season, dry air is humidified from a spray bottle, bowls of water are placed next to the pot, and the plant is sprayed 1-2 times a day. If it is cool, then often it is impossible to spray, so as not to provoke decay processes.
Reproduction methods, transplant
The transplant is carried out when the roots fill the entire volume of the pot. This will become noticeable in the external state of the plant – the stems are sluggish, the leaves are small and pale. It is better to replant at the beginning of the growing season. When transplanting, you can divide the bush into several parts and plant the delenki in a separate bowl, plant it with other plants, or create a composition from them in a large container.
Dividing a bush is one way of propagation, the other way is with cuttings. They are cut in spring from the top of the stem and immediately rooted in a loose substrate of peat and sand, or immediately planted in a pot in a permanent place. Rooting works well without creating a greenhouse from a bag or jar. The main thing is that the soil should always be moist. In the absence of a substrate, they are rooted in water. The bush turns out to be lush if several seedlings are planted in one pot.
There is usually not much space in the pot, but if the area permits, then it can be propagated by layering. To do this, the shoot is bent to the ground, the place of contact is sprinkled with earth, watered. When rooting occurs, the cuttings are cut off from the mother bush and planted separately.
The seed method of reproduction is also possible, but it is not always possible to acquire seeds. The seeds do not require preparation, soaking – they are distributed over the surface of a moist loose substrate, moistened with a spray bottle, covered with a film and a lid on top. The container is placed in a warm, bright place, regularly opened for ventilation and removal of condensation. When shoots appear, remove the cover. Grown-up seedlings dive into cups or plant immediately on a permanent place.
Potential pests and diseases
Nature has endowed saltyrolia with good immunity, so it rarely gets sick. At home, this happens most often when the care is handled with disabilities. For example, with excessive moisture, when the soil is wet, not wet, with frequent watering in cool weather, it is possible to be affected by bacterial spotting and various types of rot (brown, gray, black). In this case, they resort to using fungicide Fundazol.
From neighboring plants affected by the pest, aphids and spider mites can move to the flower. It is impossible to apply washing with soapy water due to the structural features, therefore, insecticides are used.
Types of salt with photos and names
This species is a herbaceous low groundcover with creeping thin stems. The plant has a filamentous root system. On each of the thin branches there are a large number of small oval-shaped leaf plates that have a silvery tint. Under indoor conditions, this species blooms very rarely, while small flowers of a cream or white color are formed in it, which do not represent any decorative value.
The stems of such a ground cover herbaceous low plant are very fragile and thin. They grow a large number of small oval green foliage, along the edge of which there is a thin white border. When grown at home, flowering is very rare, while small white inflorescences are formed on the bush, which are considered unattractive.
This short plant has thin creeping stems that are covered with lush foliage. The shape of the leaf plates is oval, and they are painted in a golden-green hue. When cultivating this variety in indoor conditions, you most likely will not be able to see how it blooms. The fact is that in this variety, only one bush out of a hundred blooms in indoor conditions.
This variety has a compact and miniature bush, in diameter it can reach only about 20 centimeters. The stems are long, thin and fragile, with dark green small leaves growing on them. If you provide such a flower with optimal care, then it will turn into a very effective small bush, which is often used when creating living interior compositions.