Sparrmannia africana with large heart-shaped and velvety leaves will decorate any bright, warm and spacious room, it grows well at home and in the office. With sufficient lighting in the spring, charming flowers with 4 white petals and numerous two-colored stamens, collected in umbrella-shaped inflorescence, will open. There is a decorative flore pleno shape with terry flowers.
Home care of Sparrmannia africana
With a rapid growth rate, Sparrmannia africana from a small plant will soon turn into a real beauty, without causing much trouble for care. However, plants coming from Holland often come weakened and die. And the plant grown from small, rooted cuttings at home is strong and unpretentious. The plant is not winter-hardy, so even in countries with a warmer climate, Sparrmannia africana is grown mainly as potted or tub plants.
Sparrmannia africana prefers bright diffused light, direct summer sun can cause burns to its delicate leaves. Place small specimens on the windowsills of southern orientation behind other plants or cover the glass with light tulle, and move large floor ones a little into the depths of the room. On windows of northern orientation, Sparrmannia will grow, but such lighting will not be enough for flowering. Indoors, the plant needs an influx of fresh warm air to avoid fungal leaf diseases, but it is afraid of strong, especially cold, drafts that can lead to leaf fall.
In summer, it can be taken out into the garden under the thin crown of large plants, but the place should be well protected from strong winds. Sparrmannia africana is a wonderful container plant, its lush appearance is ideal for decorating a quiet shady garden or courtyard, terrace or for shielding non-sunny walls. But Sparrmannia is damaged even by light frosts, with the threat of night negative temperatures, bringing it into a room or greenhouse.
Temperature and humidity
In summer, the optimal temperature of the content of Sparrmannia africana is about +21 °C, it does not like heat. At high temperatures, provide the plant with high humidity at the same time as good ventilation. Spraying on the leaves is not recommended, with poor ventilation, wet pubescent leaves are easily exposed to rot, and exposure to the sun droplets of water will cause the formation of small brown spots. Spray from a fine sprayer next to the plant.
In winter, Sparrmannia africana is kept in light and cool conditions, at a temperature of +12 … + 15 °C, spraying is canceled. The minimum permissible temperature for Sparrmannia is +7 °C, but already at +10 °C leaf fall can occur. You can keep Sparrmannia africana in winter at room temperature, providing it with high humidity with good air circulation, the brightest possible natural light and artificial lighting (the length of daylight should be about 12 hours).
in the summer, is regular and abundant, preventing stagnation of water in the ground. Overdrying of the soil will cause yellowing and falling of the leaves, first the lower ones. From a temporary lack of water, brown dry spots may remain on the leaves. In winter, with cool content, watering is reduced, but the lump should never completely dry out. Overwatering in winter can lead to yellowing and falling of leaves, the appearance of brown spots on them. The temperature of irrigation water should be equal to the temperature of the room or be 2-3 degrees higher.
Soil and transplants
There are no special requirements for the quality of the soil, but it must be well-drained throughout the volume. A ready-made universal soil for indoor plants with the addition of 1/4 volume of perlite to it is suitable. With rapid growth rates, annual transshipment with a slight increase in the volume of the pot may be required, it is better to carry out it in the spring or early summer. In adult specimens in large pots, limit yourself to replacing the top layer of soil every 3-6 months.
For Sparrmannia africana, ready-made universal complex universal mixtures for indoor plants with trace elements are suitable, they should be applied from spring to autumn. In winter, all fertilizing is canceled.
Pruning, shaping and caring for leaves
To maintain compact size, the plant periodically needs to shorten long shoots. Pruning is best done immediately after the end of flowering, in the spring or early summer. Long shoots may need support. Pubescent leaves of Sparrmannia africana accumulate dust over time. In warm weather, regularly give the plant a warm shower or leave it outside in light rain, but by the evening the leaves should have time to dry.
Sparrmannia africana is propagated by cuttings and sowing seeds. On cuttings, it is best to take the tops of the shoots cut off after flowering or summer semi-woody, ripened shoots. The method of cuttings is standard, the cuttings are rooted well, for about a month. Sparrmannia africana leaves are prone to rotting in moist standing air, so regular ventilation of the greenhouse and removal of damaged leaves is required.
Diseases and pests
Sparrmannia africana is affected by mealybugs, shields, aphids, whitefly, thrips, spider mites. In stagnant air, leaves are prone to rot.
Possible difficulties in growing sparmania africana
- Dry gray-brown spots on the leaves can appear from sunburn.
- Leaves twist, dry – the cause may be overdrying, heat.
- The stems are elongated, the lower leaves turn yellow and fall off – there is not enough light for the plant.
- Brown spots on the leaves, covered with a cannon, occur with high humidity in the absence of ventilation.