Plasterboard, as a unique material used for the construction of ceilings, has changed the approach to lighting in such rooms. This is due not only to technical requirements but also to the peculiarities of modern design, in which lighting becomes its complementary part. If previously one light source was selected, now the spotlights for plasterboard ceilings are located around the entire perimeter of the room. There are many clear positives to such a system.
Benefits of spotlights
Freedom of choice of luminaires and options for their installation. The range of lighting fixtures that are offered on the modern market allows you to use pendant, surface-mounted or recessed luminaires. Installation of point light sources allows you to flexibly choose options for expanding the space, as well as to use various methods of decorating rooms using illumination tools. A creative, conventionally unlimited approach, judging by the photo of illuminated plasterboard ceilings, allows you to make the room unique and inimitable.
The convenience of installation work. Even a layman can equip a lighting system in a room. If a person has at least some knowledge of electrical installation and safety rules, it is really possible to do it yourself.
Benefit from use. Despite the fact that there are several light sources installed, they all have low power, which together gives more savings than one or two powerful light bulbs. With the correct distribution of light beams, it will be used in an even, rational and efficient way.
Spotlights for plasterboard ceilings: types
The modern production of electrical products offers several types of lighting fixtures, from which you can choose options for creating a lighting system, different in style and content. This list contains the following devices:
- hanging chandeliers;
- overhead lamps;
- fluorescent lamps;
- rotary or stationary point;
- strip LEDs.
A chandelier, as a traditional element of lighting systems, does not always fit into the display of a plasterboard ceiling. This is mainly because the level of such a ceiling is visually lowered. Therefore, a chandelier using the example of a photo of plasterboard ceilings with illumination can be used in rooms where there is enough space for it. And also in rooms where a combined method of placing lighting devices is used.
The chandelier can be attached in two ways: to pre-prepared special profiles, or to the base of the ceiling. It is not recommended to attach any kind of luminaire to a plasterboard base. But if the placement of the chandelier is not fundamentally important, it is better to use any other type of lamps. The ceiling will look harmonious and modern.
Photo of a plasterboard ceiling backlit with spotlights
These are very neat and compact products. There are certain rules for installing such luminaires in order to get the most out of their use. This indicator depends on the height of the ceilings and is determined by the distance between the devices. But the distance between them should not exceed one meter if there are no other types of lighting devices in the room.
How to choose lamps for chandeliers and spotlights for plasterboard ceilings
There are no restrictions on the lamps that can be used for ceilings. They usually depend on the size of the luminaire. These can be conventional incandescent, halogen, or LED bulbs. For plasterboard ceilings, it is recommended to use halogen.
They are durable and economical, do not emit much heat. But to use them, you need to connect a transformer device. This is because the mains voltage is 220 V, and the halogen bulb is designed for 12. There are also 220-volt “halogens”, but their service life is shorter.
Remember! Wiring and light bulbs must be provided with fire protection.
When choosing a device and its location, you should pay attention to the protection from external influences. Dust and moisture pose a direct threat to luminaires. On the marking of devices, you can determine the degree of their protection by the first two digits. One of them indicates the maximum size of elements that can penetrate inside the device, the other indicates the degree of protection from moisture.
Dust protection system
This indicator can mean that the luminaire is protected from the ingress of particles with a maximum size of 50; 12; 2.5; 1 mm. These indicators are numbered from 1 to 4, respectively. Codes 5 and 6 contain information that the device is partially or completely protected against dust ingress. If the marking of the luminaire starts from zero, it means that there is no dust protection in it.
In the product label, the number 1 means that the luminaire is protected from drops falling in the vertical direction, 2 – at an angle of 15 °, 3 – at an angle of 60 °, 4 – from splashes falling on the luminaire in any direction, 5 – the luminaire is protected from a jet, 6 – strong jet, 7 – short-term immersion, 8 – long-term immersion, 0 – no moisture protection.
Before installing luminaires on plasterboard ceilings, markings must be carried out. This takes into account the number of tiers if the structure is multi-level, as well as the distance from the walls to the place where the frame fasteners will be installed. The location of the profile and lamps should not be the same.
Attention! Electrical installation is done prior to the installation of drywall .
Distribution of wiring
The cable is attached to the structural members, but not tightly. At the place where the lamp will be placed, a 15 cm loop is formed. The wire is led in a specific sequence from the first to the last element of the chain. After the electrical installation activities are completed, you can start sheathing the ceiling with plasterboard sheets, as well as doing the finishing.
Important! The wiring must be completely uniform: only aluminum or copper. Failure to do so may result in a fire in the cables.
There is another option for cable routing. It means connecting each luminaire autonomously. To ensure safety, each wire is placed in a special corrugated pipe made of non-combustible material. In order for the holes in the drywall to coincide with the fixing points of the fixtures, you need to know the exact diameter of the device. It is indicated on the product packaging. It will be more convenient and neat if you make a hole using special crown bits on a drill.
Arranging to light on plasterboard floors is not a complicated process. You can cope with it yourself, but it is important to remember two rules. First, it is necessary to maintain an interval of no more than 1 m between the luminaires. Second: you need to use the average power of the bulbs to avoid overheating of the ceiling and system.