The exotic strongylodon vine (Strongylodon) is part of the legume family. This plant is appreciated for its spectacular flowers of an unusual turquoise hue, which are collected in large racemose inflorescences. Such a liana in length can reach about 20 m. In an adult bush, the base of the trunk in diameter can reach 65 mm. The triple sheet plates have a glossy smooth surface.
Liana blooms in spring, and fades – in the last days of August. Strongylodon is a fast growing plant. If you create optimal conditions for growth, then in the first year of life in a week and a half, its growth can be about 6 m. Liana comes from the Philippine Islands. In natural conditions, it is very rare and is on the verge of extinction.
It is quite difficult to grow this perennial indoors. For this, a florist will need a certain skill and knowledge. The bush blooms only after it turns 2 years old.
Brief description of cultivation
- Temperature. At any time of the year, the plant needs warmth (from 22 to 30 degrees).
- Air humidity. Should be elevated. It is recommended to regularly moisten the bush with a sprayer.
- Illumination. Needs lots of bright light.
- Watering. Moisten the substrate abundantly, but only after its top layer dries slightly.
- Substrate. A soil mixture based on peat is used, which contains a large amount of nutrients.
- Fertilizer. They are fed in spring and summer once every two weeks.
- Transplant. Young bushes are transplanted regularly once a year, and adults and old ones – once every few years, if necessary.
- Reproduction. Stem cuttings and seed method.
- Features of care. Liana needs reliable support.
Strongylodon home care
Indoor strongylodon is quite picky about growing conditions and care. He is very sensitive to the level of humidity and is susceptible to fungal diseases.
For the first time, the bush blooms in the second year of growth, but only if its stem is 20 millimeters or more across. Hanging racemose inflorescences can be up to 300 cm long. The maximum number of turquoise flowers in one inflorescence is about 100. The size of a flower can vary from 7 to 10 centimeters. If the flowers are pollinated, then at the end of flowering, fruits will form in their place, which are beans, reaching about 50 mm in length.
To achieve a lush bloom, a plant needs good care. Particular attention should be paid to lighting, which must be intense. Do not forget to feed the vines in time, using a mineral complex for flowering plants. It will also require the installation of high-quality high-strength supports for both stems and massive inflorescences.
Such an exotic liana does not have a pronounced rest period. In this regard, all year round, the indoor temperature should be at the level of 22-28 degrees. If the room is cooler than 20 degrees, then the risk of fungal diseases affecting the bush increases.
Air humidity level
Indoor strongylodon needs high air humidity. To increase the humidity, the flower pot is placed on a deep tray, in which pre-moistened pebbles or sphagnum are placed. If there is a need for this, then the liana is moistened every day from a spray bottle with well-settled non-cold water.
This “exotic guest” needs regular, abundant watering, which should be done quite often. However, make sure that moisture does not stagnate in the root system, as this can lead to the development of fungal disease.
Water to moisten the substrate in the pot is used extremely soft, while its temperature should be slightly higher than room temperature. Since strongylodon does not have a dormant period, it is watered in winter in the same way as in summer.
The root system of this vine is well developed and very powerful. It is growing relatively quickly in volume. That is why for planting a bush, you should take a tall and rather wide pot made of ceramics or strong plastic. There must be drainage holes at the bottom of the container.
For the cultivation of this plant, a soil mixture saturated with nutrients is used. To prepare it, it is necessary to combine humus, peat and sand in a 1: 1: 1 ratio. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container, for this you can use expanded clay.
Strongylodon is fed throughout the entire period of active growth. The frequency of feeding is 2 times a month. To do this, use a universal mineral complex fertilizer for flowering crops, while for the preparation of a nutrient solution, take ½ part of the dose recommended by the manufacturer (see the package). The nutrient solution is added to the soil mixture after preliminary irrigation.
An adult strongylodon is a fairly large plant with an impressive mass, so such bushes are transplanted only when absolutely necessary. If the plant is very large, then it is not transplanted, but simply the top layer of the soil mixture in the pot is replaced annually with a fresh substrate. While the vine is young, its transplant is carried out once a year in the spring.
There is no dormant period for such an exotic plant. In winter, it is looked after in the same way as in summer.
Growing from seeds
Once the strongylodon seeds are harvested, they should be sown immediately into the substrate, otherwise they will not sprout. The fact is that they quickly lose their germination. Before proceeding with sowing, the seeds must be scarified and immersed for a while in cold water, in which the drug that stimulates growth is preliminarily dissolved. Sowing seed material is carried out in a container filled with peat and sphagnum. After about a week and a half, the first seedlings should appear.
For propagation of this liana, stem cuttings are used. They are harvested in the spring. Before planting for rooting, it is necessary to process the cut points with Kornevin powder. To increase the chance of roots appearing on cuttings, after planting, they are provided with high air humidity and bottom heating.
For rooting of strongylodon cuttings, mini-greenhouses are used. They should be placed in a bright and warm place. Cuts for rooting are planted in a mixture consisting of peat and sphagnum. Under optimal conditions, the roots appear on the cuttings after about 1.5 months.
If strongylodon is not properly cared for, then various problems can arise with it:
- Brown specks appear on the surface of the foliage. These are signs of a fungal disease that appears due to stagnant moisture in the substrate. Check the bottom of the pot for drainage and holes.
- The foliage becomes dark. Too poor watering. It is required to revise the irrigation regime.
- Pests. Mealybugs, spider mites and aphids most often inhabit this vine.
Strongylodon species with photo
In nature, the species is found along rivers, streams, in lowlands, as well as in other places where there is high air humidity. This strongylodon is often grown as an ornamental plant. Under indoor conditions, with proper care, the length of its stems can reach up to two tens of meters.
Triplet smooth leaf plates have a bright green color. The shape of the flowers is similar to large butterflies that have folded their wings. For the first time, the bush blooms only in adulthood. The fruit is a pod with 10 to 12 seeds.
A large, powerful plant with developed and strong stems, which can reach more than 15 m in length. In nature, it is most often found in dense forests with small rivers and streams. The shoots of the species rise along tree trunks, as if along supports, to a decent height.
Brush-shaped inflorescences are composed of red flowers. This plant is a typical endemic because it is found naturally only in the Philippine archipelago.
Strongylodon is popularly called the “jade flower”. Interesting Facts:
- The flowers of this vine have an unusual luminescent effect. Because of what they glow at night.
- In nature, strongylodon is pollinated by bats.
- During the first year of life, the daily growth of a vine can be more than 50 cm.
- Where this vine comes from, it is considered a rather rare plant.