This unpretentious flower, appearing in your home, will quickly get used to it. Its requirements are insignificant, and the brightness of the foliage makes it one of the most decorative indoor plants. Synadenium grantii is not as popular as other succulents, but it is very unpretentious and has many varieties!
Description of Synadenium grantii
Synadenium grantii flower is not in vain confused with white-veined milkweed, because it belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family and is a bit like a relative in appearance. However, it differs from it in the texture of the leaves – in Synadenium grantii they are pubescent. The flower grows in South Africa, the genus includes about 20 species, but the most popular is the plant. Basically, it is grown in room conditions. This type is suitable even for novice flower growers! Coming from the valley of the Zambezi River, it is a lush shrub with branching shoots up to 3 meters high. At home, it must be “slowed down” with a forming pinch to get a miniature bush.
Synadenium grantii is not a relative of the desert rose adenium. His name is formed from the Latin words “sin” – unification, combination, and “aden” – iron, which describes the characteristic feature of the plant – small hairs-glands located along the stem. The flower is a succulent, thanks to the elongated fleshy leaves and stems, it is able to store moisture for a long time. Its leaves are usually a juicy green hue, but there are varieties with red, burgundy, yellow, spotted and glossy leaf plates.
The flowers of the plant are very unusual in appearance, these are umbrellas with red small stamens, they do not represent a special decorativeness, however, they give the flower an exotic appearance during the flowering period. Domestic Synadenium grantii very rarely pleases with flowering, this usually happens in the summer months during the growing season. Synadenium grantii is often called the “tree of love”. There are suggestions that this flattering nickname is associated with the shape of the flowers and their color.
Synadenium grantii flower belongs to toxic plants, its milky juice is poisonous, in large doses when ingested into the esophagus causes poisoning, in rare cases allergic skin reactions. Therefore, try to hide it from pets and prune it with gloves.
Rules of care
Synadenium grantii is similar to milkweed not only in appearance, the requirements for growing it are similar to other succulents from the euphorbiaceae family. The site flowery-blog.ru outlined the basic rules of care.
Temperature and lighting
Like most plants, Synadenium grantii loves diffused light in winter and summer. With a lack of light, it stretches out and loses its decorativeness. If the flower in winter is kept in low light conditions, it is desirable to simultaneously reduce the temperature so that growth temporarily stops. What level of illumination do plants need.
In summer, the plant will be comfortable on a glazed ventilated balcony. The optimal temperature of the content is 22-26 degrees. Synadenium grantii easily adapts to the hot summer temperature and coolness, but the critical lower limit is +10, at a lower temperature there is a risk of root death.
Watering and humidity
Being a succulent, the flower of Sinadenium Grant does not like excess moisture, overflow can provoke rotting of the roots. Therefore, in summer it is watered after the drying of the upper layer of the substrate in the pot, and in winter you can dry the soil a little more, almost half. If you are not sure about the need for watering, it is better to postpone it! However, do not starve the plant with thirst, excessive drought can be the cause of leaf fall. 8 questions about watering indoor flowers.
Synadenium grantii is not fastidious to humidity, it does not even need to be sprayed – it easily adapts to the dry air in apartments in winter. What he won’t give up is a periodic shower that will wash the dust off the leaves. Do not wipe the leaves, so you can break the small hairs that cover the leaf plate in most species. Sprays and showers for plants.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
This flower will look much more spectacular if it is fed. This should be done from spring to autumn, in winter fertilizers will be superfluous due to the forced period of rest. For fertilizing, universal mineral fertilizers, nitrogen fertilizers, organic fertilizers are suitable. The succulent does not need frequent fertilizing, it is enough to carry them out every 2 weeks, observing the dosage.
Propagation and transplantation
Transplantation of adult specimens is carried out as they grow, if we take into account that they grow quickly, then this has to be done almost annually. Synadenium grantii is not demanding on the size and shape of the pot. It is better to do transplanting in March-April, in order to move the flower to a new soil simultaneously with pruning. The root system of the plant is quite strong, so he will endure the procedure steadfastly.
The succulent likes loose but nutritious soils. In this regard, soil based on compost, dark peat, garden soil is suitable. As baking powder, use sand, vermiculite, fine claydite, or charcoal. You can use a purchased substrate, for these purposes a universal earth mixture is more suitable, the substrate for cacti has too loose consistency, it can not be taken as a basis, but can be used as a baking powder.
Warning: Formative pruning.
The annual “haircut” will help not only to update the plant, but also to achieve the desired shape of the bush. It should be carried out in the spring at the beginning of the growing season, along with transplantation. If the shoots are strongly stretched and exposed, you can apply pruning: with a sharp knife, or secateurs, cut off the branches at the level of the leaf, as shown in the photo (marked with stripes).
Cuts must be treated with crushed wood, or activated carbon. This will stop the release of milky juice! If the bush already looks decorative, but you want to achieve more branching, make a pinch: pinch off the apical growth points at the ends of the shoots, thereby you will awaken the side buds, but will not violate the overall appearance of the plant (marked with a circle).
The cuttings obtained after pruning are easily and quickly rooted in water!
This branching plant achieves greater decorativeness when planting several cuttings in one pot at once. But even if you have only one, you can achieve branching by regular pinching, and subsequently plant new “babies” to it to get a lush bush. At home, Synadenium grantii flower does not reproduce by seeds, because it blooms extremely rarely. You can propagate it by dividing the bush during transplantation, in which case you will get a large plant at once.
Problems in cultivation?
Synadenium grantii will not cause much trouble! This is an unusually resistant plant, the care of which consists in choosing a place and proper watering. Among the problems that flower growers may face are the following.
- If the Synadenium grantii sheds its foliage…
Leaf fall is usually associated with abrupt changes in the conditions of detention: a decrease in temperature, watering with cold water, overflow, or transplantation. This light-loving succulent quickly recovers, but if the leaf fall does not stop, it is worth inspecting the roots. From the cold, or a humid environment, they can easily rot. But even in this case, the flower can be rehabilitated: cut off bad roots, replace the substrate and normalize the conditions.
- If the Synadenium grantii leaves fall…
Thus, the flower usually signals that it is time to water it. In the event of a severe drought, even shoots can lose turgor. The plant will quickly restore its shape, it is only necessary to drink it! But be careful, despite the fact that this is a succulent, a prolonged drought can lead to “baldness”.
- If the branches of the Synadenium grantii are strongly elongated…
The reason for this is usually a lack of light! Like other light-loving plants(tradescancia, echeveria,pereromnia, hoya), this succulent loses its decorativeness in the shade, while the internodes stretch out, the stems look “bare”, the leaves thin and lose color. It is possible to restore the appearance of the flower only with the help of pruning and constant access to diffused sunlight.