Syzygium paniculatum (Eugenia paniculata), until recently known as Eugenia myrtifolia, is the most popular houseplant from the genus Syzygium of the Myrtaceae family. Previously, Syzygium paniculata and Syzygium australe were described as one species – Eugenia australis, but now they have acquired the status of independent species.
Features of Syzygium paniculatum
Its natural range is in Australia, on the coast of New South Wales. In Australia, it is called Purple Lilly Pilly. The species is seen as endangered, on the verge of extinction in the wild.
In nature, it is a beautiful compact tree (up to 15 m) or shrub. Small, 3-10 cm, glossy leaves, lance-shaped or elliptical, are arranged oppositely, hence the generic name from the Greek syzygos – which means “paired”. The variegated variety is very attractive. The leaves contain glands with essential oils. New growth of reddish color, young branches are tetrahedral. With age, the bark exfoliates slightly.
In spring or early summer, the tree is covered with many white flowers collected in a brush, hence the species name – paniculate. Flowers are characteristic of myrtles, have 4 petals, but the main decorativeness is given to them by a lot of protruding stamens. In autumn, edible berries ripen about 2 cm in diameter, purple or purple in color. Because of the fruits, it is also called Purple Cherry. The fruits are collected in a brush, like grapes. Berries are very rich in vitamin C, people call this plant angina tree, chewing berries helps with diseases of the throat. The fruits are crispy, sour in taste, they make delicious jams.
Syzygium paniculata perfectly tolerates shearing, in countries with a warm climate it is used to create hedges.
The plant feels confident in countries with a subtropical climate. The minimum critical temperature is -4…-6 degrees. Soils prefer rich and moist, with a slightly acidic reaction. Location – in direct sun or in light shade.
Caring for Syzygium paniculatum at home
In room conditions, syzygium paniculata requires the same care as myrtle ordinary. The optimal place will be a glazed, non-freezing balcony in winter or a subtropical greenhouse. In spring, the plant is covered with clusters of white flowers, and in autumn purple berries ripen, and the harvest can be good.
Direct sun is desirable for at least 4-5 hours a day.
The soil is slightly acidic, peat with the addition of turf earth and sand (3: 1: 1).
is regular, do not allow the substrate to dry out and stagnation of moisture in the pallet.
from spring to autumn with universal fertilizers.
with a lack of light, Syzygium must arrange a period of rest in a bright place with a temperature of + 5 +10 0C and moderate, without drying, watering.
Syzygium paniculatum is perfectly amenable to formation it grows itself as a compact dense bush, very decorative. Suitable for growing in bonsai style. Although its leaves are not as rich in essential oils as in the closest relative of the Clove tree or in myrtle ordinary, keeping this plant at home is very useful.
Syzygium paniculata is propagated by semi-woody cuttings in greenhouses. Seeds quickly lose germination and behave differently when sown.
The defeat of aphids, mealybugs and shields is not excluded.