Tamarindus (Tamarindusus) is a tropical tree from the legume family. His homeland is the eastern regions of the African continent. Over time, Tamarindus appeared in other countries of the tropical zone – there the plant began to be cultivated, and then it spread to the wild. In nature, Tamarindus is a very large tree, reaching 25 m in height. When growing at home, the size of Tamarindus is much less impressive: up to 1 m, subject to periodic pruning. The tree grows rather slowly.
The foliage of the plant has a double-pinnate structure. Each leaf includes up to 30 thin leaf blades. The foliage curls up at night. The flowers of the plant are delicate pinkish or yellow tassels, but Tamarindus blooms very rarely at home. In the natural environment, after that, fruits are tied on the plant – beans filled with numerous seeds.
Homemade Tamarindus usually resembles a miniature tree. An even more compact bonsai can be formed from it.
Interesting facts about Tamarindusus
Tamarindusus fruits are considered edible and eaten by the inhabitants of Asian countries. They are dried, salted, frozen or candied. Unripe beans have a sour taste – they are used in spicy dishes. Ripe fruits are much sweeter and often serve as desserts. Sometimes the plant is called “Indian date”. The pulp of its beans can also be used for household purposes – for example, it can be used to clean brass products. In addition, due to the content of many useful substances, beans, like other parts of the plant, are used in folk medicine, as well as in the cosmetic industry.
Tamarindus wood has a pronounced red hue and is highly durable. Furniture and parquet boards are made from it. In the tropics, a tree with a beautiful spreading crown is also used to decorate streets.
Brief rules for growing Tamarindusus
Growing Tamarindus requires suitable conditions. The table shows brief rules for caring for Tamarindus at home.
|Lighting level||The southern direction is ideal, the plant needs a lot of light.|
|Content temperature||The temperature in winter should not drop below 10 degrees, and in summer it can be room temperature.|
|Watering mode||Frequently, the ground should not dry out completely.|
|Air humidity||The tree will need to be sprayed frequently.|
|The soil||The optimal soil is considered to be nutritious substrates containing sand.|
|Topdressing||Once a week during the growth period.|
|Transfer||Small plants are transplanted based on their growth rates, adults – about 1 time in 3 years.|
|Pruning||The tree needs to be cut every spring.|
|Bloom||It will be extremely difficult to achieve flowering at home.|
|Dormant period||A rest period is not required.|
|Reproduction||Seeds, layering, cuttings.|
|Pests||Spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs, and aphids.|
|Diseases||The main problems arise from the wrong conditions of detention.|
Tamarindusus care at home
For Tamarindus to grow healthy and beautiful, you need to observe the basic conditions for growing this tropical tree. Otherwise, the plant may start to hurt.
Tamarindus prefers bright light, therefore, most often it is kept on windows in the southern direction, although they still try to protect the plant from extreme heat. In order for the crown of the tree to develop more evenly, it can be turned a little once a week. Lack of lighting leads to shrinking foliage and stretching of shoots.
In spring and summer, a room temperature of about +24 degrees is perfect for a tree. Being a tropical plant, Tamarindus is not afraid of heat. But in winter, it is recommended to keep the container with it in a cooler (about +17) place, and also to protect it from strong drafts.
Tamarindus needs high humidity. During the growth period, it can be sprayed twice a day – in the evening and in the morning. Additionally, open vessels with water can be placed next to the pot.
Tamarindus requires a lot of moisture; it is not recommended to allow the soil coma to completely dry out. For watering, soft and lukewarm water is suitable. But the plant should not be poured either, especially during the cool period.
Tamarindus can be grown in both ceramic and plastic containers. Their volume must correspond to the size of the plant’s root system, and drainage holes must be present at the bottom.
The tree is not demanding on the composition of the soil. Loose universal mixtures with a neutral reaction are suitable for him. Drainage is laid at the bottom of the planting tank.
Tamarindus prefers liquid organic food. They should be brought in from late spring to early autumn about once every couple of weeks.
When the Tamarindus becomes too cramped in the pot, it is moved to a new one. The transplant is carried out in the spring. Due to the fact that young plants have a more active growth rate, they are replanted annually. The tree is transferred to a new container along with an earthen clod. Small plants can be additionally covered with a jar or bag to create a greenhouse effect. With the beginning of the formation of fresh leaves, the shelter is gradually removed.
At the very beginning of spring, the elongated branches of Tamarindus are pruned by about a third of the length. This helps to maintain the beauty of the crown and the overall decorative effect of the tree.
You can turn Tamarindus into bonsai if you like. To make the tree tiny, it is abundantly fed with increased doses of nitrogen supplements. After the size of the plant reaches half a meter, the top is cut off. After that, a trunk is formed, and after a year all the foliage is removed. After such an operation, new plates acquire a miniature size.
It will be extremely difficult to achieve flowering of Tamarindus at home; only fairly mature plants are capable of this. In nature, they bloom at the beginning of winter. During this period, numerous inflorescences-brushes are formed on the tree, having a pinkish or yellow tint.
A rest period is not required for Tamarindus. A decrease in temperature in winter is intended to slow down the growth rate of the plant so that it does not stretch out due to a lack of light.
Breeding methods of Tamarindus
Growing from seeds
Tamarindus can propagate by cuttings and layering, but more often its seeds are used for this. The fruits are washed and peeled from the pulp. To make the seeds hatch better, they are soaked in water for a couple of hours. Then the dense skin of each seed needs to be lightly filed or sandpaper. The prepared material is planted in a peat-perlite mixture. A thin layer of river sand is laid on top of the seeds.
The container with crops is placed in a warm corner, where diffused light enters. The moisture content of the soil must be constantly monitored, occasionally spraying the substrate. The sprouts appear in about 3 weeks. As soon as feathery leaves appear on them, you can dive them into your own pots.
Diseases and pests
The main problems with Tamarindus arise from improper conditions of its keeping.
- Slow growth rates – caused by a lack of nutrients or low light. The tree is fed and transferred to a more suitable place.
- Rotting of the root system – can be caused by abundant watering, especially during the cool winter. The planting pot must have drainage holes.
- Yellowing and dropping of leaf plates – on the contrary, insufficient watering or high dry air.
The main pests of the tree are spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs and aphids. You can try to remove small lesions with soapy water, stronger ones with insecticides.