The genus Tolmiea includes the only stable evergreen perennial species – Tolmiea menziesii. In the notch of the leaf, where the petiole passes into the leaf blade, new young plants develop. This is a rhizome ground cover species 15-20 cm high, about 40 cm in diameter. The pubescent leaves quickly react to unfavorable growing conditions – they turn yellow. At the beginning of summer, tubular light green flowers with reddish pigmentation, collected in ears, appear on thin, branched shoots 50 cm long. Light green leaves of the ‘Variegated’ variety are covered with yellowish spots or other patterns, cream or golden colors.
- Growing up: simple
- Location: in full sun or partial shade
- Temperature: in winter about 10 °C
- Watering: in spring-summer, abundant, careful
- Flowering: early summer
- Height: 15-20 cm
- Transplantation: in the spring, once every 1-2 years
- Maintaining appearance: remove dry parts
Caring for Tolmiea at home
Care and cultivation
Plants of the genus Tolmiea are grown outdoors in shady corners of the garden or in pots on balconies and terraces, as well as indoor crops. They are planted in the ground in autumn or early spring, in fertile and well-drained soil, loamy or sandy loam. When planting distance between plants of 30-35 cm is maintained as a soil-ground when grown in containers can be used garden soil or a mixture of sand and peat (1: 1)., Or neutral peat ( 2 / 3 ) and sand ( 1 / 3 ) with the addition of complete mineral fertilizer with microelements at the rate of 25-30 g per bucket. During the spring-summer period, once a month, about 10 g of complex fertilizer per bucket is diluted in water for irrigation.
Plants of the genus Tolmiea are excellently suited for both being in the open sun and in the shade.
In winter, you need a cool content, not higher than 10 °C. In summer, these plants are resistant to both high and low air temperatures. Variety ‘Variegated’ in winter requires maintaining the temperature at 15 °C.
During the spring-summer season, water is plentifully, but stagnation of water is unacceptable, since the plant is sensitive to excessive dampness. But throughout the entire period of winter dormancy, the intervals between waterings are significantly increased.
Transplanted in the spring, once every 1-2 years, in a pot slightly larger than the old one.
Remove dry and damaged parts of the plant.
It is very easy to separate rooted young specimens from the leaf. Tolmiea can also reproduce with the help of shoots.
Diseases and pests
Occasionally, on Tolmiea, you can observe signs of the appearance of oidium – a fluffy whitish layer on the leaves and stems. It should be treated with sulfur, caratan, or other preparations against powdery mildew.
Since this is a rare plant, it is better to contact shopping centers offering a wide range of crops for its purchase. Well-formed specimens should be chosen.
Tolmiea Menzies species is one of the few plants in which fully formed plants are formed on the leaves (they even have roots in their infancy), which are separated from the leaves. The formation of new plants begins in the summer, on an adult maternal specimen. When grown in a pot, this happens when the roots completely fill the pot, that is, they elongate so much that they completely braid the inner walls of the container. New plants, if they are not going to be used for reproduction, must be separated along with the entire leaf, or the plants themselves must be picked. However, it may happen that this leaf falls off without your help.