Use of Vermicompost

Use of Vermicompost

Vermicompost is an affordable, convenient and effective organic fertilizer with a rich composition, which is a source of trace elements and serves to enrich the soil while improving its structure.

What kind of miracle is it, where does it come from, why is it better than other fertilizers, and how to use vermicompost? Let’s figure it out together.

What is the vermicompost

Vermicompost, or vermicompost, is a product of organic processing (manure, fallen leaves, bird droppings, sawdust, straw, plant tops, etc.) by special earthworms with the participation of some other organisms (fungi, bacteria, etc.). Unlike manure, with which vermicompost is often compared, the latter does not contain pathogens, helminth eggs, and active weed seeds, does not require additional composting, and does not have a strong unpleasant odor. But the most important thing is that vermicompost is several times more effective, despite the fact that it requires much lower doses of application.

This natural fertilizer perfectly heals the soil, combines well with any other organic substances and improves the taste of the crop, and also relieves stress in plants and increases their immunity.

The vermicompost is based on a complex mixture of high molecular weight natural organic compounds (humic acids) and their humate salts – natural growth stimulants. In addition, it contains a full set of nutrients, macro-and microelements (and in a form that is readily available to plants). And also – plant hormones and antibiotics, enzymes, beneficial microflora. Isn’t that impressive?

That is why vermicompost:

  • significantly accelerates seed germination;
  • actively stimulates seedling growth and root formation;
  • enriches the soil and improves the absorption of nutrients from it;
  • reduces acidity and improves the structure (water and air permeability) of the soil;
  • increases plant immunity to various diseases and help to recover from them;
  • helps to increase resistance to adverse environmental conditions (lack of moisture, temperature differences, etc.);
  • significantly increases the total vegetative mass;
  • stimulates flowering;
  • accelerates the ripening of fruits, increases their yield and quality.

Types of vermicomposting

There are two types of vermicompost: liquid and dry. The liquid form has a faster effect of action, and at a high concentration of the substance, it is saving in use.

Types of vermicompost by origin:

  1. From products of processing organic waste with the participation of earthworms or compost worms in collaboration with microorganisms. They often try to produce it at home (on the farm, in the garden), however, the production process is lengthy and unpleasant from an aesthetic point of view.
  2. From leonardite. vermicompost from leonardite does not have an unpleasant odor, it has a high concentration of the active ingredient – humic acids. This liquid humic fertilizer has a beneficial effect on the soil and on the development of plants during the period of intensive growth.

When choosing “vermicompost”, pay attention to the quality of the preparation, its composition, the concentration of the active substance, production date, information about the manufacturer. Choose the best product available today.

The most effective type of vermicompost is liquid organic mineral fertilizer with humic acids:

  1. Unlike traditional vermicompost, “vermicompost” made from leonardite is so concentrated that a small bottle is enough for 400 liters of water if diluted. It is very economical and efficient.
  2. It contains a greater amount of macro-and microelements necessary for various crops: potatoes and root crops; fruits and berries; indoor plants and seedlings, as well as vegetables and tomatoes.
  3. “vermicompost” is an environmentally friendly product: it has quality certification and is suitable for growing organic products.
  4. “vermicompost” heals the soil, saturates it with nutrients, stimulates the growth of plants, improves their taste characteristics, improves the survival rate of seedlings, reduces the ripening period of fruits and plants, and increases the period of fruiting.

Using organic-mineral liquid fertilizers “vermicompost” for the garden, vegetable garden, and even for home flowers, you will provide plants with a nutritious and healthy environment for intensive flowering and fruiting!

Vermicompost production

As we have already mentioned, vermicompost is produced with the help of special earthworms – namely, red Californian earthworms, specially bred in the USA in the middle of the twentieth century. Unlike the “wild” invertebrates we are accustomed to, they reproduce quickly, do not tend to crawl, and most importantly, they are extremely active and “efficient”.

Any bioorganic waste is processed by these worms, followed by the release of coprolites into the soil, which is the form of organic matter most suitable for absorption by plants. In addition, worms make the soil looser, which provides optimal conditions for moisture.

Getting vermicompost at home is not a very difficult task. Therefore, if you wish and have free time and space, you may well master the home production of vermicompost.

Worms for making vermicompost are sold in specialized stores, and besides them, you only need enough organic waste, boxes, or just a place for a compost heap or pit.

Vermicompost. Instructions for use

It is equally easy to use this fertilizer (whether it be liquid vermicompost or granular vermicompost). And most importantly, fertilizing with vermicompost can be done at any time of the year from early spring to late autumn, and with it, there is no way to overdo it and harm the plants.

It is still advisable not to use vermicompost (especially in large quantities) in the closed ground or small rooms. The soil abundantly fertilized by it is an excellent substrate for the reproduction of all small “living creatures” like springtails, millipedes, or mushroom mosquitoes, which will give you a lot of trouble in a closed room.

Below we give recommendations for the use of pure vermicompost in granules or in solution. If you choose a ready-made soil with vermicompost based on peat and compost (it can often be found on store shelves), then read the rates for its introduction on the packaging, they will differ.

Dry vermicompost

So, dry vermicompost is most often applied to the site along with digging the soil and planting seedlings and seedlings, although for feeding it can be scattered under the plants and during the growing season.

Fertilized crop Application rate of dry vermicompost
Potato 200 g in each well
Strawberry 150 g for each bush
Winter crops 700 g per 1 m2, mixed with the topsoil
Tomato 100-200 g in each well
Other vegetables and herbs 500 g per 1 m2, mixed with the topsoil
Fruit trees 5-10 kg for each seedling
Berry bushes 1.5 kg per planting pit, thoroughly mixed with soil

Liquid vermicompost

In addition, to dry, you can often find on sale liquid vermicompost (a concentrated aqueous solution, sometimes called extract from vermicompost), which is ideal for processing seedlings and indoor plants.

It is shaken and diluted with warm water according to the instructions, and then be sure to let it brew for several hours. The solution can be used for both root and foliar feeding (by leaves).

For foliar feeding with vermicompost and spraying, dissolve 5 ml in 2 liters of water and use this solution once a week.

Root feeding is carried out according to the following scheme:

Fertilized crop Rate and scheme of the introduction of liquid vermicompost
Greens (spinach, lettuce, etc.), onions, garlic Once a week, they are fed with a solution at a concentration of 200 ml per 10 l of water
Vegetables 100 ml for 10 liters of water. Fertilizer is applied once a week
Strawberries and other berries 60 ml of humus per 10 liters of water – once a week
Garden flowers They are fed 2 times a month with a solution at a concentration of 10-15 ml of vermicompost per 1 liter of water
Indoor flowers 1 time in two months with a solution at a concentration of 10 ml of vermicompost per 1 liter of water
Grapes, citrus plants 250 ml of vermicompost per 10 liters of water – 2 times a month

Also, liquid vermicompost is ideal as a means for pre-sowing soaking of the material – 5 ml of liquid fertilizer is dissolved in 1 liter of water and seeds (tubers, bulbs, cuttings) are kept in the solution for 24 hours.

Vermicompost is used as a highly effective universal organic fertilizer and is suitable for absolutely all types of planting – be it garden beds, forest belts, or indoor flower gardens. We hope that it will be of great use on your site as well.

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