Vriesea

Vriesea

The genus Vriesea, which belongs to the Bromeliaceae family, includes about 250 species that are ubiquitous in the regions of Central and South America. The genus was isolated and named after the Dutch physician and botanist Willem Henrik De Vries (1806-1862), researcher of the flora of Southeast Asia, John Lindley in 1843. Due to the transliteration of the scientific name Vriesea in literary publications is often called Vriesea.

The flowering of Vriesia usually occurs in winter and looks like a spikelet surrounded by bracts, which are variegated and monochromatic. Vriesea begins to bloom mostly between the ages of 3 years and blooms for 1-2 months, after which the outlet dies and in its place grows a new one.

Cultivation methods and soil for Vriesea

Vriesea
Vriesea

Vriesia has a poorly developed root system as it is an epiphyte plant, so it can be grown in small pots, small baskets or on pieces of wood.

For pot growing, the soil should be light, loose and nutritious. The soil is suitable for decorative deciduous plants, a universal substrate in which it is desirable to add pine bark, expanded clay, humus, perlite and charcoal. Good drainage is required at the bottom of the pot.

When grown on pieces of wood or driftwood, the roots of Vriesia must be wrapped in sphagnum moss and well fixed with wire on support.

Transplant: It is necessary to transplant Vriesea only when necessary, as she really does not like it. It is necessary to very carefully handle the roots of the plant and transplant only by the transfer method. When transplanting, do not deeply deepen the neck of the outlet to avoid decay. When growing in a pot, the capacity should not be greatly increased since the plant blooms only if the pot is completely filled with roots. The neck of the outlet must not be deeply buried in the ground.

Watering of Vriesea

Vriesea needs regular watering. Watering is necessary with warm soft settled water at room temperature. Watering frequency depends on the temperature of the content. Vriesea belongs to the Bromeliaceae family, a plant that stores moisture and nutrients in a funnel-shaped rosette of leaves. But not all Vrieseas have a pronounced funnel, therefore, watering should be carried out, focusing on the development of the funnel of your plant, if the funnel is clearly expressed, watering is carried out into it and the remaining water that has not leaked into the ground is not drained, if the funnel is not very pronounced, you can water directly on the ground.

In summer, watering is carried out abundantly and make sure that there is always fresh water in the funnel. It needs to be changed regularly. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced as the soil dries out longer. If the plant has bloomed, water is no longer poured into the funnel, this is fraught with the rotting of the plant. If the air temperature in the room falls below 20 ºC, the water from the Vriesea funnel must be drained and carried out by watering only into the soil. The water should not stagnate in the pot and in the pan, as this can lead to rotting of the roots.

If Vriesea is placed on a snag or pieces of wood, then it is removed from the tree at least once every 10 days and immersed in water for a couple of hours, then the water is allowed to drain and returned to its place. This is done to feed the plant. The moss that is wrapped around the roots of the plant must always be kept moist.

Cultivation methods and soil

Vriesia has a poorly developed root system as it is an epiphyte plant, so it can be grown in small pots, small baskets or on pieces of wood.

For pot growing, the soil should be light, loose and nutritious. The soil is suitable for decorative deciduous plants, a universal substrate in which it is desirable to add pine bark, expanded clay, humus, perlite and charcoal. Good drainage is required at the bottom of the pot.

When grown on pieces of wood or driftwood, the roots of Vriesia must be wrapped in sphagnum moss and well fixed with wire on a support.

Vriesea transplant

Transplant: It is necessary to transplant Vriesea only when necessary, as she really does not like it. It is necessary to very carefully handle the roots of the plant and transplant only by the transfer method. When transplanting, do not deeply deepen the neck of the outlet to avoid decay. When growing in a pot, the capacity should not be greatly increased since the plant blooms only if the pot is completely filled with roots. The neck of the outlet must not be deeply buried in the ground.

About caring for Vriesea at home:

Caring for Vriesea at home

Temperature: The optimum temperature for Vriesea in summer is 23-27 ° C, while in winter the temperature should not drop below 18 ºC. The plant must be protected from the slightest drafts. In winter, Vriesea cannot be kept on a cold windowsill.

Lighting: Vriesea is not very demanding on lighting and you can place it on any windowsill of your house, only shading from the midday sun is required on the south window. Vriesea with variegated and soft green leaves should be placed in a shaded area.

Air humidity: Vriesea is not picky about high air humidity. But in hot weather, it is advisable to arrange a warm shower for her and spray the leaves. When spraying, it is necessary to ensure that water does not fall on the inflorescences, otherwise they will lose their decorative effect and become covered with spots. It is necessary to regularly clean the leaves from dust.

Fertilizers: It is necessary to fertilize Vriesea during the period of active growth, from spring to autumn, 2 times a month, with a mineral complex fertilizer for flowering crops in a half dose. It is necessary to ensure that the nitrogen dose in the fertilizer is low, since an excess can cause the death of the plant. Calcium must be completely eliminated.

Pests of Vriesea:  May be affected by scabbard and fungus.

With a fungal disease, the core of the plant rots and the leaves turn black, while easily separating from the plant. In order to cure the plant, it is necessary to prepare a fungicide solution and pour it into the core of the plant. After the procedure, a lateral shoot usually appears, and the diseased plant must be removed with a knife.

For prophylaxis, it is necessary to wipe the leaves.

Reproduction of Vriesea:

Vriesea propagates by separating offspring, lateral shoots and by seed.

Suckers are usually separated if they have reached 20 cm in size during transplantation or after the mother plant has faded and died. Separation of offspring is done by hand carefully, untangling the roots, but if this is not possible, the root system is cut off with a sharp knife, while the sections are sprinkled with crushed coal and dried for 8-12 hours. Then the offspring are seated in separate containers. Such specimens bloom for the first time on average after 2 years.

Lateral shoots are also separated with a knife only when they reach a size of 20 cm. The cut is processed with charcoal and dried within 8-12 hours. After that, the shoot is planted in moist soil and a greenhouse is created, which should not touch the leaves of the plant, for example, from a jar. For faster rooting, it can be carried out by watering with the addition of a root formation stimulator. Rooting takes place with bottom heating at a temperature of 22-26 ° C for a month.

Germination of seeds is carried out in sphagnum moss in a greenhouse at a temperature of 20-22 ° C. The greenhouse is regularly ventilated and sprayed. Before planting, the seeds must be treated in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. When 2-3 leaves appear in the seedlings, a pick is made.

Vriesea. Growing problems:

Caring for Vriesea at home

  • Leaves and inflorescences fade under too intense light.
  • Falling foliage indicates dry soil.
  • Light brown spots in summer indicate sunburn.
  • Brown tips of leaves in case of too dry indoor air or using poor-quality water for irrigation.
  • Blanching foliage indicates a lack of lighting.

Types of Vriesea with photo

Vriesea perforatum (Vriesea fenestralis)

Vriesea perforatum (Vriesea fenestralis)
Vriesea perforatum (Vriesea fenestralis)

It grows in Brazil. Grown as an ornamental-leaved plant. The leaves are collected in a funnel-shaped rosette, light green, with a large number of dark green veins, transverse and longitudinal stripes, smooth above, finely scaly below, brown-red at the apex up to 40 cm long and 6-6.5 cm wide. Inflorescence up to 50 cm high and 9 cm wide. The flowers are light yellow; bracts with green and dark brown spots. Cultivated in warm rooms.

Vriesea gigantea

Vriesea gigantea
Vriesea gigantea

It grows in tropical rainforests of Brazil. Leaves in a rosette (towering goblet above the soil surface), short-serrated, strong, dark green, with light yellow spots on top, reddish-lilac below. Inflorescence is a weakly branched panicle, up to 2 m long (panicle 1-1.2 m long), rarely blooms under room conditions. Petals are wide, bell-shaped, yellow. Cultivated in warm rooms and greenhouses.

Vriesea hieroglyphica

Vriesea hieroglyphica
Vriesea hieroglyphica

It grows in the moist forests of Brazil. The leaves are collected in a funnel-shaped rosette, strong, belt-like, wide, arcuate, pointed at the apex, dark green with a light yellow v-shaped pattern. Inflorescence panicle up to 50 cm high, yellow flowers, green bracts. There are hybrids with bracts brightly colored in red and yellow tones.

Vriesea psittacina

Vriesea psittacina
Vriesea psittacina

It grows in the tropical rainforests of Brazil. Leaves are oblong linear, shortly pointed, widened at the base, whole-edged, green. The peduncle is bright red. Flowers in the inflorescence are not densely located; calyx yellow, corolla green, narrow petals; bracts as long as the calyx, red below, orange-yellow above. There are several garden forms in the culture.

Vriesea regina

Vriesea regina
Vriesea regina

It grows in the tropical rainforests of Brazil. Plants are large. Rosette leaves are long and wide, 1-1.2 m long and 15-18 cm wide, grayish-green, glossy, with a slightly curled apex. Peduncle 1.7-2 m tall. Inflorescence is a branched panicle (drooping branches). Flowers are white at the beginning, later yellowing, with a pleasant aroma; bracts boat-shaped, pink. Cultivated in warm greenhouses and indoors.

Vriesea saundersii

Vriesea saundersii
Vriesea saundersii

Homeland – Southeast Brazil. Grows on coastal rocks. A terrestrial plant with a wide funnel-shaped rosette, up to 50-60 cm in height. A Leaves 20-30 cm long, about 5 cm wide, leaf edges are solid, arcuate, densely located on the top surface with small ash-colored scales, brown spots and dots below. The peduncle is straight, strong, covered with erect, curved, ellipsoid, pointed leaves at the top. Inflorescence is a loose panicle of several few-flowered racemes with slightly sinuous axes, up to 14 cm long. Bracts are two-row, rounded, slightly pointed, keeled at the apex, more sepals, pale green or yellow. The petals are ligulate, 3.5 cm long. Sepals are narrowly elliptic, green or yellowish. Blooms according to various sources in October or December.

Vriesea carinata Wawra

Vriesea carinata Wawra
Vriesea carinata Wawra

Grows in the forests of Eastern Brazil. Epiphytic or terrestrial plant. Leaves about 20 cm long and 2.5 cm wide form a funnel-shaped rosette, covered with barely visible scales on both sides, broad-linear, soft, pale green, without a pattern. Peduncle up to 30 cm high, straight or drooping, very thin; short and wide, with a triangular notch at the apex, few-flowered with a geniculate axis. 

The inflorescences are erect, tightly covering the axis, narrow, thin with a sharp keel, pinkish with a yellow or yellowish-green top and edge. The flowers are compressed, on short pedicels, yellow, green at the top, up to 6 cm long. It blooms in June-July, again in November-December. Many hybrids are known. Most of them are characterized by long flowering.

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