Wood Balusters | Concept, Types, Rules for Selection

Wood Balusters | Concept, Types, Rules for Selection

Balusters are important architectural elements of the staircase that act as a vertical support for the railing.Products have a number of technological production features. The aesthetically pleasing wood balusters have many variations and design features. Products are produced from different types of wood. Self-production is possible.

Balusters for stairs made of wood: description and purpose

The respective products are designed to fulfill a number of important functions. Among them, it is necessary to highlight the safety of using stairs, as well as ensuring the structure with reliability and additional rigidity. The attractive wooden stair rail is both decorative and supporting.

Product advantages:

  • attractiveness and energy of natural material;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • great combination with various materials, accessories and styles;
  • wide range of models;
  • durability and strength.

A very important advantage is that the do-it-yourself baluster is a reality. By making your own stair racks, you can significantly reduce repair costs. These products have a stunning appearance. Their sophistication can be envied by analogs from other materials.

In addition, the environmental safety of natural materials is very important. Wood is not capable of emitting substances harmful to the human body and the environment. Essential oils and natural resins, which are part of the material, also have a healing effect. Balusters from the most valuable varieties of wood look very attractive on the photo, which, moreover, are harmoniously combined with other decorative elements in the interior of the room.

Balusters can be made from oak, beech and ash. The most accessible and easy to use are pine, birch and larch. Having minimal experience in working with wood will allow you to create the perfect balusters that also have an original design.

What are balusters: product classification

Balusters serve as stair racks. As for the types of the respective products, they differ in production technology. Photo of Wood balusters available to consumers allows you to determine the most attractive types of products.

Varieties of products by manufacturing method:

  • milling;
  • chiseled;
  • with thread elements.

Each option has specific features. For the production of balusters, certain types of devices are used. This is the main difference.

The use of various woodworking techniques allows you to create a wide variety of baluster designs
The use of various woodworking techniques allows you to create a wide variety of baluster designs

The main difference between milling balusters is the presence of original decorations. We are talking about longitudinal or helical cuts. Such products have a very attractive appearance. Due to this, they are in high demand from consumers. If you have a milling machine and certain skills, such products can be made independently.

A conventional lathe is used to make chiseled balusters. Such a device is at the disposal of many. In most cases, turned products are in the form of rotating bodies. Elegant appearance and ease of manufacture are the main positive aspects of this type of baluster.

Products with carved elements are much more expensive than the previous two options. They are characterized by a more complex manufacturing process. As a result, they look as solid and original as possible. Carved balusters can only be made on specialized machines. Such multi-axis devices require special skills and at least a little experience from the master.

Thread types:

  • sculptural;
  • deaf;
  • openwork.

You can carve real paintings on wood products using sculptural carvings. Such balusters look very bright and unusual. With blind threads, the background is very important. It is present in any images and patterns. Openwork thread is mainly used for flat workpieces. More often, such products are used as decoration for various overlay elements.

Wood balusters: varieties of products

The main feature of balusters is that with their appearance they can transform any staircase. The most inconspicuous designs are also no exception. A significant variety of sections and shapes of such products allows you to select the optimal design.

In shape, balusters are:

  • flat;
  • round;
  • carved.

Popular are flat balusters, which are made from plywood or planks. You can choose between one-piece construction or individual products. Various ornaments and patterns can be used to decorate the racks. Even beginners can cope with this task.

Useful advice! For classic stairs, it is recommended to select products of a square shape. Strict forms will give the structure and the whole house more solidity. Original decorative recesses are applied to the side parts of such racks.

The simplest option is do-it-yourself round balusters, which have a strict cylindrical shape. The cross-section parameters of products vary from 2.5 to 4 cm. For the manufacture of balusters, it is better to select solid wood. As a result, they will be very durable and will serve their owners for a long time. Such racks may well be combined even with metal tubes.

Carved types of balusters are stylish and spectacular. They are often called sculptural. Mostly they are made by hand. Expensive wood is taken as a basis. Therefore, the high price of such products should not surprise consumers.

Today there is an opportunity to purchase ready-made products and pick up balusters and stair posts that are designed in the same style. They are perfectly combined with each other and create a unique appearance of the stairs. Finding the optimal baluster is made easier by the fact that it comes in a variety of finishes and colors.

Combined balusters: characteristic features

This type of product is a vertically arranged component elements. Their task is to support the railings, as well as to add rigidity to the existing railings. Such balusters perform not only a decorative function. They also make the ladder safer.

Combined models include not only wood, but also metal areas in their own design. At the same time, they do not look too bulky. The appearance of such supports is very attractive.

Manufacturers can reasonably explain about the reliability, availability, functionality and aesthetic appeal of what these are combined balusters, and also highlight a lot of positive qualities of this type of product. It’s about reliability, affordability, functionality and aesthetic appeal.

They can be based on a chrome or stainless steel pipe. Its diameter can be 2.5 or 5 cm. Before use, wooden elements must undergo a drying process in a special condensation chamber. The choice of paint and the method of its application is based on the wishes of the consumer.

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What to buy Wood balusters

In order for the staircase to serve its owners for a very long time, all its elements must be created from the same material. Moreover, you need to give preference to the same type of wood.

Useful advice! It is best to choose the hardest woods. Oak is one of them. This tree is famous for its strength and nobility. Any products made from it will be able to retain their original appearance and natural characteristics for a very long time.

The most common types of wood:

  • oak;
  • ash;
  • beech;
  • Pine;
  • larch;
  • Birch.

If there is a desire to buy Wood balusters, then oak models will immediately attract attention due to their unique dark shade. Oak tolerates temperature extremes and active exposure to moisture without any problems. Over time, products from this type of wood will not experience decay and cracking. An important advantage lies in the fact that oak lends itself easily to various types of processing.

Carved solid oak balusters look presentable
Carved solid oak balusters look presentable

Despite the fact that oak balusters have a number of positive qualities, this type of wood is far from the only one. Ash is also an attractive option. In terms of texture, this tree resembles valuable species. Ash is characterized by increased resistance to decay and moisture. The structure of this tree is dense and elastic, due to which it is able to withstand even the most severe loads with ease. The price of a set of balusters, depending on their number and technical features, ranges from 67$ to 160$.

In terms of processing, beech is very convenient, it is also characterized by attractive external parameters. In terms of durability and strength, this option is not inferior in anything even to oak. Through the use of beech, you can actually make your own stairs from the highest quality wood. Among the negative characteristics of the corresponding material, one can only note the susceptibility to deformation in a too humid environment, as well as a high probability of subsequent decay. To extend the life of the stairs, you must choose carefully dried wood.

Birch is used much less often for the manufacture of these products. Among the main disadvantages of this tree are the tendency to rot, severe shrinkage and cracking. On the other hand, this material is easy to process and has excellent strength parameters. In the future, birch can be painted and polished without problems. The technology of installing balusters and railings in the case of using this type of wood does not face even minimal adjustments.

To create a staircase, you should use elements from one type of wood. Such a technique will allow not only to maintain the design in a single style, but also provide uniform performance characteristics.
To create a staircase, you should use elements from one type of wood. Such a technique will allow not only to maintain the design in a single style, but also provide uniform performance characteristics.

Larch is a very common type of wood. A feature of this type of wood is that products made from it become more durable over time. High humidity and warpage are not a problem for this type of wood.

The most budgetary option is pine. Today you can buy balusters for stairs from this type of wood at affordable prices. For one pine baluster, on average, the market will have to pay about 100 rubles. Flat products are somewhat cheaper. Although it is quite possible to make racks yourself. Moreover, using cutting mechanisms, pine is very easy to process.

Useful advice! For the manufacture of racks, you must carefully select the wood. These should be bars without knots, cracks and other defects. Moreover, they should not be characterized by high humidity. Too dry wood, regardless of its type, will be quite fragile and lose its natural dignity.

Another tip is that it is much easier for beginners to work with inexpensive types of wood. The easiest to handle are birch and pine. Walnut and oak are very expensive, which is why not everyone can afford this luxury. In addition, only experienced professionals can handle them correctly.


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