Wood Door Repair And Restoration

Wood Door Repair And Restoration

When performing repairs in an apartment, the question often arises of the need to replace old doors, the appearance of which does not fit into the overall updated interior. However, buying new products is very costly. The best way out of the situation would be to repair the interior doors. This article presents a selection of interesting ideas, the implementation of which will allow you to update an old product at minimal cost.

Preparing for repair

At the initial stage of the repair and restoration of wooden doors, the old finish (paint, varnish, film or veneer) is removed, the bare natural or artificial surface is prepared with the elimination of flaws, leveling and grinding of the canvas. The work can be done independently or you can use the services of specialists at affordable prices.

Old paintwork can be removed with a hot air gun or special chemical paint removers. In the first case, the tool heats the hard finish to a temperature of 600 ° C, after which it is easily cleaned with a spatula.

The chemical composition softens the paint, which is removed with a rag. The cleaned surface is sanded with a grinder or sandpaper by hand.

If there are visible damages on the surface, they should be repaired with a special wood putty of the appropriate shade or hot furniture wax. Small scratches are masked with a wax pencil.

Helpful advice! You can fill a hole in a wooden door with a putty consisting of wood dust or varnish, which will merge with the general surface without standing out from its background.

Cracks and scratches on the surface
Cracks and scratches on the surface of the door leaf are sealed with a special putty of a suitable shade

After completing all the repair work, the final surface grinding is carried out, which is thoroughly cleaned of dust with a damp cloth. After complete drying, the canvas is completely ready for decorative finishing.

Restoration wooden doors

There are many ideas for restoring wooden doors. The price for services is determined by the condition of the canvas and the complexity of the decoration process. The methods can be grouped into three categories:

  1. Coloring using modern techniques for applying liquid coatings to the surface.
  2. Pasting with textured materials in the form of veneer, film, wallpaper, fabric.
  3. The use of decorative elements from various materials.

Helpful advice! When restoring a door leaf, you can use several methods at the same time, harmoniously combining them with each other. The main thing is that the chosen option fits into the interior design concept of the room.

The simplest and cheapest way to restore a wooden door is to paint the surface. If you want to preserve the natural structure and pattern of a canvas made of natural solid wood, you can use a stain of the desired shade, which has antiseptic and moisture-repellent properties. After that, the canvas is covered with colorless varnish. Stain may not be used at all. To do this, it is enough to cover the door with tinted varnish.

If the canvases have putty defects or are faced with hardboard or MDF, in this case the old doors are painted. The surface should be pre-treated with a special primer.

Polyurethane, alkyd and acrylic paints are suitable for painting doors. The first two options have a strong smell, but they dry quite quickly. Acrylic enamels are produced practically odorless. Such paints are distinguished by a rich palette of shades. After the acrylic agent dries, the canvas is opened with a special furniture varnish in 2-3 layers.

Paint old wood door: popular techniques

A wooden surface can not only be painted in a solid color. It will be possible to make it unique thanks to one of the modern techniques.

Artistic painting is very popular. A pattern is applied to the pre-painted surface using brushes, a sponge or a spray can. To do this, you must have an artistic talent or resort to the help of a specialist. Surfaces painted using multi-layer strokes or glaze technique look original. You can apply an interesting pattern using a stencil.

Examples of door renovation
Examples of door renovation using staining

For an interior in a retro style, the doors can be restored antique. For this, artistic effects are created in the form of patina, craquelure, prodir, scuffs or cracks, using special compositions for painting wooden doors.

To get the effect of artificial aging of the surface, you can use ordinary paint of a lighter shade than the base. It is applied to the surface, and then with a soft sponge, neat soaks are performed, which gives the base a spotty appearance. You can also achieve an unusual texture of the canvas with a hard brush, a gauze edge, a rough side of a sponge and other elements.

Helpful advice! An ordinary door can be turned into a canvas, slate board, or you can create another unusual texture for it using special paints and varnishes.

Pasting surface with various materials

An old unpresentable door can be restored with natural veneer. For this, not only wooden products are suitable, but also cheaper canvases from pressed sawdust. This technique will give the expensive design a prestigious look. This option is most suitable for blind canvases without decorative glass inserts and panel elements.

The door is glued with veneer in the following sequence:

  • the canvas is removed from the hinges and laid on a horizontal surface;
  • fixation of the material is carried out from the center towards the edges of the product. With the help of special glue, small areas are smeared, then to them
  • veneer is pressed;
  • the glued surface is rolled with a roller;
  • with the help of a hot air gun, the web is heated and rolled again, which will ensure a reliable connection between the surface and the finish.

Important! After complete drying, the veneered surface is covered with a layer of varnish or wax.

Veneer sheets
Veneer sheets can be used to quickly and inexpensively renovate old doors and furniture

Do it yourself restoration of a wooden interior door can be done using a self-adhesive film. Today, specialized stores offer a wide range of materials in different shades and textures. A special place is occupied by films with imitation of various types of natural wood. The main advantage of the material is its low cost in comparison with veneer. The process of gluing the surface with a film is simple, and the canvas, as a result, acquires a presentable appearance.

Surface lamination is performed as follows:

  • using a sharp construction knife, a film sheet of the required size is cut;
  • from the seamy side, a protective layer is removed by 2-3 cm, exposing the adhesive surface, which is gently applied to the canvas and smoothed with a rubber spatula or cloth;
  • then, the sequential removal of small protective strips on the seamy side is performed, with the simultaneous application of the film to the surface and smoothing it without tension;
  • the material is trimmed at the corners and the edges are folded over. If several parts of the film are used, they are overlapped.

How to restore a door using wallpaper, vinyl and fabric

A common and simple way to restore old doors is to wallpaper the surface. To do this, you can use the same option that was used for wall decoration. In this case, it will be possible to disguise the door, “dissolving” it in space. Using wallpaper of a different color palette and pattern will make the interior doors stand out against the general background.

Photo wallpaper or a piece of vinyl with photo printing look original and unusual. The material is glued to a dry, clean surface using high-quality  glue.

Interior doors, decorated with wallpaper and moldings, look noble and presentable. For this, vinyl or non-woven products are selected, which can have a monochromatic surface of pastel or saturated color, or contain a discreet pattern.

A fragment of the required size is glued to the door surface using wood glue, which is applied directly to the door leaf. The wallpaper is pressed against the product and leveled with a roller or rag, expelling air bubbles.

Important! If it is necessary to dock the elements, they are glued close to each other without overlap.

Restoration of an interior door
Restoration of an interior door using wallpaper and moldings

After the surface is completely dry, the polyurethane moldings are glued according to the selected scheme. They are fixed with liquid nails or glue.

The doors can be restored with the help of textile material, thanks to which the structure will become a real exclusive to the interior. The fabric can match the upholstery of furniture, or be distinguished by a beautiful pattern and color, which will harmoniously fit into the design of the room.

The textile material can be fixed to the surface in different ways. It is convenient to glue thin fabrics with double-sided adhesive tape. Thicker material is fixed by using glue. Heavy canvases are attached with staples or furniture nails.

Helpful advice! For door decoration, it is better to choose fabric of dark colors or canvas with a large expressive pattern, on which dirt will not be too noticeable.

How to restore old doors using decoupage and patchwork technique

You can update an old interior door using modern techniques. Decoupage is very popular for decorating various surfaces.

To implement this technique, the doors do not need to be removed from their hinges. It is recommended to pre-prime the surface in 2 layers. The selected decoupage card is soaked in water for 10-12 minutes. At this time, a layer of glue is applied to the canvas. The fragment is taken out of the water. With the help of a fabric, excess moisture is removed from it and protective stripes are removed.

The card is applied to the surface and carefully smoothed with a rubber spatula to remove air bubbles. After the surface is completely dry, it should be opened with acrylic varnish in several layers.

To decorate the surface using the patchwork technique, you will need scraps of dense fabric with treated or non-crumbling edges, fragments of leather, lace, ribbons, clippings from magazines, newspapers, photographs, which can be combined with each other, creating interesting collages.

Helpful advice! The patchwork technique is not suitable for decorating bathroom doors or other damp rooms, as the finish will quickly begin to turn yellow and mold.

The surface is pre-primed. Next, a layer of glue is applied to it. In an arbitrary or special order, fragments of the drawing are laid out on the door with their own hands, which are tightly pressed to the surface and rolled with a roller. Heavy elements can be fixed with a stapler. Completely dried collage is covered with a layer of furniture varnish.

Do it yourself restoration of wood doors using decorative inserts

To decorate an old door, you can use glass inserts or change the state of existing elements. The easiest way is to stick a colored film on the glass surface.

In old blind doors
In old blind doors, you can cut a place for inserting stained glass

Stained glass technique looks especially impressive when restoring old wooden interior doors. To implement it, you will need special stained glass paints, brushes, a marker and a ready-made sketch. The process is carried out in the following sequence:

  • the glass plate is removed from the door and placed on a horizontal surface. The entire door can be removed;
  • from the back side of the element, the outline of the future drawing is drawn using a marker according to the sketch;
  • on the front side, using brushes and paints, a contour is formed, which must dry completely before the next process;
  • empty spaces are filled with the necessary shades of paint;
  • the drawing can be supplemented with decorative elements in the form of pebbles, rhinestones, pieces of glass, which are glued to the surface that has not yet hardened.

Idea! Stained glass technique can be used not only for glass inserts, but also for the door leaf itself.

You can transform glass inserts by sandblasting the elements by contacting a specialized workshop.

In a blind product, you can independently cut holes of any size and shape, into which glass, mirror or ceramic elements are inserted. They can also be glued to the canvas in a chaotic manner, or create a certain ornament.

Doors decorated with various bulk materials, the grains of which are fixed with glue, will look original and exclusive. The dried surface must be covered with varnish for the durability of the design.

How to update veneer doors and extend life of the coating

The method of restoration of interior veneer doors depends on the nature of the damage. Swollen areas can often be seen on the surface, which are the result of improper gluing of the veneer, or as a result of high ambient humidity.

You can cope with such flaws with a hot iron, which should be used to iron the swollen surface. You must first put a wet cloth on it for 10-15 minutes to soften the veneer.

Bloated areas can be removed by gluing exfoliated veneer fragments. To do this, glue is typed into a medical syringe, which is injected under the coating. The veneer is tightly pressed against the canvas, the glue is evenly distributed. It is recommended to press down the glued place with a load for several hours.

Dents on the surface
Dents on the surface of a veneer door are sealed with a special wax

Visible scratches and other minor damage can occur on the surface of veneer doors. You can disguise defects with melted wax, the color of which should match the shade of the finish. Surfaces should be roughened slightly, then degreased and filled in.

If the canvas has deep large damage, then its repair is carried out using veneer patches. For this, damaged areas are cut out on the surface. If deep damage has formed under them, they are sealed with putty.

Fragments of the required size and shape are cut out of the new veneer, which must also coincide in the type and direction of the pattern. The patch should not stand out from the general background. It is glued to the surface with glue.

If you want to completely renew the coating, the question arises of how to paint the veneer doors. The surface is pre-cleaned, putty if necessary and then primed. The canvas can be painted using hypharal, polyurethane or water-based paints.

Old veneer doors
Old veneer doors can be renovated with staining

Important! Surface painting is carried out in two layers with complete drying of each, with one applied in the horizontal direction and the other in the vertical direction, which will create an even coating without gaps.

Veneered doors can be opened with shellac varnish or cellulose polish to provide a glossy finish.

Repairing old doors is a simple and interesting activity that you can do yourself using one of the proposed methods. In the absence of the necessary skills, you can resort to the help of specialists who will prepare the surface and decorate it in one of the selected ways. In this case, the price of the restoration of interior doors will depend on the condition of the canvas and the complexity of the repair.

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